• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Psychodynamic Perspective of development

Extracts from this document...


P2/P3 Unit 8 The Psychodynamic Perspective The psychodynamic perspective was first stated by Freud 1856-1939, and it focuses on unconscious/ internal conflicts and unconscious motivation. Freud also stated that people?s adult behaviours are shaped by childhood experiences. He also stated that you could unconscious thoughts cam be looked into consciously. Freud is also well known for his theory of ID, EGO, and SUPEREGO. The ID, EGO, and SUPEREGO are in constant struggle to maintain balance. The ID is the child in you, and operates on the pleasure principle. The EGO operates on the reality principle. The SUPEREGO is that nagging parent keeping you out of trouble, or our sense of morality. Freud also stated that the mind consists of the following parts of personality: Id ? Pleasure principle, unconscious urges and desires Ego ? Reality principle, decides what actions are appropriate Superego ? Value and morals. ...read more.


Stage 3) Phillac stage- This is formed between the ages of 3-5 years. Just like older male boys of this age can have erections during their sleep. Many children of this age become more aware of the changes to their body and begin to ask questions about their body parts. Stage 4) Latency stage- This occurs between 5 years of ages and puberty. The pleasure the individual receives through this stage is mainly contracted from secondary process thinking and energy is realised through new activities which normally involve school, hobbies and peers. Although they?re a number of problems that can occur during this stage too. Stage 5) Genital stage- this stage lasts from puberty onwards. This stage involves a major part of the teenage life this is detachment from parents. During this stage energy is released through adult sexuality. ...read more.


At all psychosexual stages Erikson claimed that the individual develops on three levels simultaneously: Biological, Social and Psychological. His model was a lifespan model of development, taking in 5 stages up to the age of 18 years and three further stages beyond, well into adulthood. Erikson suggests that there is still plenty of room for continued growth and development throughout one?s life. What ego mechanism is Gerald using when he blames others for his own behaviour? Explain how an understanding of ego defence mechanisms can be applied to understanding Gerald?s behaviour. Gerald is using the denial defence as a way of dealing with anxiety, he chooses not to believe what he is doing is wrong and blame other and carers for his own actions. He is also using displacement as if something doesn?t go right for him he trashes his bedroom which in the long run isn?t solving anything. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    Gross motor kills generally follow a particular pattern. Normally the larger muscles develop more rapidly then the smaller more delicate muscles. T he first thing that develops more rapidly is there eyes. Fine motor skills- this includes the ability to control small objects, and transmit objects from one hand to the other, and also various hand-eye coordination tasks.

  2. Free essay

    Child Development (AO1)

    keep balance 15 months 15 months Can crawl downstairs on bottom, feet first 15 months 13 months Throws a ball 15 months 15 months Can walk with confidence 18 months 18 months Can sit on 'haunches' (squat) without falling over 18 months 20 months Can walk up and down stairs

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work