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The World Health Organisation.

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The World Health Organisation Founded in 1948, the World Health Organization leads the world alliance for health for all. A specialized agency of the United Nations with 191 Member Sates, WHO promotes technical cooperation for health among nations, carries out programmes to control and eradicate disease, and strives to improve the quality of human life. WHO has four main functions: * to give worldwide guidance in the field of health * to set global standards for health * to cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programmes * to develop and transfer appropriate health technology, information and standards The WHO definition of health: 'Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.' ...read more.


Some projects target vulnerable populations such as the elderly and women. Others focus on encouraging healthy lifestyles, sexual health and tobacco-free societies. The impact of the environment on health is a high priority for WHO. One example is access to safe drinking water. WHO puts the highest priority on the development of community water supplies and sanitation facilities with the AFRICA 2000 initiative. WHO is deeply concerned with prevention and control of ionising radiation so dramatically highlighted by the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Other issues such as the health effects of electromagnetic fields and the increasing depletion of the ozone layer, are of major concern. Scientific and Ethical Action Improved health is not achieved just with financial resources and high technology. It requires a social conscience and a commitment to share the advances of health science throughout society. ...read more.


The Next 50 Years - Health for all in the 21st Century A new global health policy to meet future health challenges has been developed by the World Health Organization in consultation with all its national and international partners. Health for All (HFA) seeks to create the conditions where people have, as a fundamental human right, the opportunity to reach and maintain the highest attainable level of health. The vision of a renewed HFA policy builds on the WHO Constitution, the experience of the past and the needs of the future. For two centuries it was known that smallpox could be prevented, but only in the 20th Century was a coalition organised by WHO able to do something definitive about it. With political will, commitment and a willingness to work together, there is no reason why this success cannot be continued. http://www.medical-colleges.net/worldhealth.htm ...read more.

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