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There are many different theories of communication. One of the theories is the encoder- decoder model.

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P2 There are many different theories of communication. One of the theories is the encoder- decoder model. One of the theories is the encoder- decoder model. Communication is a progress in which an idea or feeling is encoded into symbols by a source and transmitted to a receiver (target) and decoded into the original idea and feeling. You have a source a channel and a target. The source would be the message, the channel would be the noise and the target would be when the message is sent. The encoding -decoding model views human communication as a matter of encoding information. This could be forming a sentence. Transmitting the message by speaking, decoding the message by listening and understanding. Successful communication requires clear channels of transmission, and shared codes. There are misunderstandings in communication, this is usually due to incorrect translations, excess noise and gaps in the message. Continuous loop model The continuous loop model is the earliest model of communication that has been presented and accepted by others who study the field. It is also the simplest model even though it may not look like it is at first. It also includes all of the basic/players in the communication process. There are still a few problems with the model though. This model is based upon the concept that language is a system or a machine. ...read more.


If the language that we communicate with is not understood by the person we are talking to could be a big problem. Different cultures or cultural differences could also be a problem because they could have a preferred language they like to speak in or be spoken to by, and if there is not anyone to speak to the person in their preferred language then that could cause a barrier to communication. The environment could play a big part in communication. If someone is in an environment that they did not feel comfortable in then that could play a real bad part on their communication, but if they felt comfortable in the environment then more than likely you would see a increase on their communication. Lighting can also be a barrier, for example if you were to sign to someone with hearing difficulties and the lighting was poor , and it was dim, it could be hard for the individual to see what you are signing to them, it would not be as clear as it would be in good lighting. If there is loud background noise that could become a influence on communication. For example if you are on the telephone speaking to someone and there is a lot of background noise then the individual on the other end of the phone may not hear what you said correctly which could lead to miss-communication. ...read more.


If furniture is badly placed it may inhibit verbal and non verbal communication. Tiredness A tired health and social care professional may listen badly because the act of active listening takes to much physical, mental and or emotional effort. The know it all Health and social care professionals may feel it is important that they have a straight forward answer for everything and that they have ?heard everything before? this can stop them listening properly to what the service user is trying to communicate Time constraints Professionals in health and social care are very busy people with large case loads. There are considerable constraints on their time; such constraints mean communication can be poor. Professionals need to be aware of this and not use it as an excuse for not listening. Avoiding difficult issues Sometimes the service user can cause their carer to worry about them, they may also talk about topics such as pain and grief this can make the professional very awkward and they could switch off and have poor listening skills. Health and social care professionals must be trained to be able to talk about such issues and not avoid them because they are uncomfortable. Intolerance and ignorance If a health and social care worker does not approve of the lifestyle or background of a service user, this can cause communication to become very difficult. Health and social care professionals must be tolerant, broad minded and non judgmental as effective communication is the service users entitlement. http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/healthcare/ ...read more.

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