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Think about in what circumstances a cognitive perspective would be helpful in our work in health and social care. Think about the service users who might benefit from this approach and the sort of issues that might help them with.

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Introduction

P4: Think about in what circumstances a cognitive perspective would be helpful in our work in health and social care. Think about the service users who might benefit from this approach and the sort of issues that might help them with. The value of the cognitive approach is to enable children to understand the environment around them its also helpful in a situation whereby the development of a service user is an issue. Cognitive perspective helps service users such as children to explore with their hands and feet during early developments. However, cognitive perspective also assists children boost their knowledge and the understanding of self, others, and the physical world around them. In other words they develop the very spirit of play is that it encourages imagination and improves social skills. Through play a child learns about himself and the others around him which in turn teaches him how to deal with others in the wider world. Cognitive perspective is a significant part of early development. For example playing, playing helps children to learn the skills necessary to effectively take part in their world. It also offers children with natural opportunities to connect in real and meaningful activities that improve physical, language, social, and cognitive development. Play is essential to development as it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social and emotional well being of children and youth. ...read more.

Middle

The theory suggests many of our actions are influenced by social expectations of others in society meaning people act the way they do to according to others. Albert Bandura argued people behaviour is copied from others and then imitated. So in this case Tara must have observed this bad behaviour and subsequently moulded her own behaviour. The Behavioural approach states in order to challenge aggressive behaviour you must analyse how they are thinking and feeling. This perspective understands their human development in terms of how we learn from experience shaping up our behaviour. Behaviourists believed to understand behaviour using the concept reinforcement would explain all causes. When applying this to Tara she must replace the stimulus to something she can take her anger out on such as stress balls. Kick boxing etc. Also praising and rewarding Tara from time to time will make her stronger giving her the strength to make her overcome her problem. Humanistic psychology means the importance of each individual subjective reality this consist the work of Maslow's four deficit needs in the direction of self-actualise. Maslow deficit needs are physiological needs which involve food, warmth, shelter and sex. Safety needs so the individual has freedom feeling secure from any threats. The need to belong knowing he or she has friends and self esteem needs to feel respected. ...read more.

Conclusion

They would suggest she should replace the stimulus whilst using reinforcement identifying pleasurable outcomes. Humanistic psychology would suggest Mary is feeling loneliness lacking in Maslows deficit needs of feeling belong. This could be the reason why she is now incontinent. Cognitive approach will use skills, imagination etc to solve Mary's problem finding out reasons when she started feeling negative and her surroundings she has at her present stage. Peter is 25 and he is agoraphobic. He seldom goes out of the house. Psychoanalytic approach would suggest peter to get touch with his childhood because there is a range of issue that is troubling him and left unresolved causing him to act this way. The behavioural approach would concentre on challenge his behaviour Looking at all the possible reasons in other words his experiences he learnt from that moulded his behaviour. Most behaviourists often believed reinforcement would explain the cause for their actions. When applying the case study to his crisis different alternatives could replace the stimulus to something he enjoys. In doing so using positive reinforcement would help find out what trigged his behaviour. Humanistic would suggest there is an unmet need causing frustration and feeling unsafe. The theory would blame maybe his physical needs; emotional safety and belonging are affecting his life causing him to be agoraphobic. Cognitive theory would respond to peters situation of him not understanding his surroundings and what is changing his behaviour. Cognitive therapy may help him understand his own behaviour by using tactics i.e. showing him pictures. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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