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This assessment is about potential hazards in a health care setting and how Key Legislations in the British legal system can improve and or promote a safe environment. There is also a brief explanation on how Laws are made in the country.

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Page 2 Introduction Page 3 P1 Page 11 P2 Page 16 Bibliographies Appendix This assessment is about potential hazards in a health care setting and how Key Legislations in the British legal system can improve and or promote a safe environment. There is also a brief explanation on how Laws are made in the country. Image 1 P1 Explain potential hazards in health and social care settings. For P1 give 4 scenarios, one in a health or social care organisation, one from another organisation, one out in the community and finally one in a service user's home. Setting 1 Care/nursing home The care/nursing home provides care for those who are no longer able to live in their own home. The care home's offer a variety of services from hairdressing to palliative care and even has day care. The scenario There are a total of 38 rooms in the care home of which 7 are double rooms. There is always 1 single room and 1 double room kept vacant for respite. The care home is a large grade 2 listed building with a large extension wing. The new wing is very modern on the inside with each room having en-suit bathrooms. The old wing has maintained most of the original features but none of the rooms have en-suits, however they do have sinks with hot running water. At the moment there are 36 residents who permanently reside there with various nursing/care needs. There is also one lady who comes in for day care Monday to Friday because her partner works and one gentleman who comes every Friday for a bath because this is the only part of his daily needs that can not be met at home. One of the residents has dementia and frequently wonders out of the building; because of this there is a ten-minute check policy to ensure her safety. She came in as an emergency admission and is only there temporarily until a suitable care home can be found. ...read more.


These tasks range from helping her to get washed and dressed in the morning to cleaning, shopping, housework, cooking and getting ready for bed in the evening etc. Edith has a commode in her bedroom that she uses through the night and also uses a Zimmer frame to get about the house through the day. However she is prone to falling and therefore prone to injuries. Most of the carers who attend on a regular basis have a key and there is also a key attached (by a piece of string) on the inside of the door for emergency entry this is because a carer once lost her key and was unable to gain entry for quite some time. There is very poor lighting to both the front and rear of the house and the pathways are uneven. Edith takes care of her own medication, which is delivered, to her door by the local chemist in a dosset box. There is a care plan in the home that all carers attending must fill in on each visit stating what care they have given and if any shopping is done all monies given must be accounted for with a receipt. Edith suffers from episodes of confusion and the episodes are occurring more frequently so there is a review of her care plan is organised for two weeks time. The potential hazards There are several potential hazards that could arise from this or similar situations. The first one being the use of electrical equipment such as irons, vacuums, kettles etc. Carers use these types of equipment on a daily basis. The care companies do provide circuit breakers but because of poor working practices they are rarely used. Although Edith has her medication delivered in a dosset box she is still at risk of overdosing because of her episodes of confusion. Edith is also at risk from accidents or injury because of her frailness. ...read more.


Data must not be disclosed to other parties without the consent of the person that the data is about. Again, an exception to this would be in the prevention or detection of crime. The Act also states that information may only be held for as long as is necessary but who knows how long this is? Also information gathered on an individual must only be used for the purpose for which it was collected. The Act also states that data should not be transmitted outside of the European economic area without first being protected for example by the use of a contract to protect the transmission of the data. All entities that have an interest in the collection of personal information or data must register with the office of information commissioner. And lastly, all entities that collect personal information must ensure its security by installing a firewall etc on the computer that the information is stored. Companies should also provide adequate staff training to ensure the principles of act are adhered to. In hospitals, doctors surgeries, care/nursing homes and schools where personal details are kept on file the information needs to be stored safely and in a secure place. Medical records will have private information contained in them and even school records have personal and private information stored on file. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 This piece of legislation is an extension of the previously mentioned Health and Safety at Work Act. Its main additions to the first act are the Management of Health and Safety at Work (Amendment) Regulations 1994, the Health and Safety (Young Persons) Regulations 1997 and the Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997. The Management Regulations also contain amendments to the following, the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, the Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (First Aid) Regulations 1989, the Mines Miscellaneous Health and Safety Provisions Regulations 1995; and the Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996. ...read more.

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