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This assignment is about working with children within the voluntary, statutory and private sectors.

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Introduction

Tara Trninic Unit 1- An Introduction to working with children. This assignment is about working with children within the voluntary, statutory and private sectors. A voluntary sector is non-profit making, funded through grants and contributions an example of a setting within the voluntary sector would be a preschool. A preschool is for children under 5 and is described as an educational institution for those who are too young for school. The focus for preschool is more on preparing children for education. Preschools are usually run by trained professionals within the local communities for the benefit of local children and families. Often ran in church, village halls, community centres or similar venues. Children are able to choose a wide range of varieties of activities which will all enable them to develop holistically. Parents are encouraged to support their own children's learning and get involved in the life and running of the play group. Preschools also support parents. This can enable them to consider their own child's development with the support. They may also be asked to be involved with parenting classes or other child related learning. Preschools aims to support parents and children because the parent has somewhere they can take their child for the day and it gives them a break, or go to work and they don't have to worry if their child is safe or not. It gives their child an opportunity to learn in a different way and have fun whilst doing it. They also may get to play with toys that their parents may not be able to afford. Preschools also aim to support with funding. Financial support may come from fundraising and donations, from the child voucher system from the government, contributions from parents, community groups. They try to keep the costs down as they are 'not for profit' organisations and hold a charity status. The statutory sector is provided by either local authorities or central government departments. ...read more.

Middle

Positive Contribution: Engage in decision making and support the community and environment, engage in law-abiding and positive behaviour in and out of school, develop positive relationships and choose not to bully or discriminate, develop self-confidence and successfully deal with significant life changes and challenges and develop enterprising behaviour. Enjoy Economic Well-Being: Engage in further education, employment or training or leaving school, ready for employment, life in decent homes and sustainable communities and access to transport and material goods and live in a household free from low income. The Childcare Act 2006 is a UK act of Parliament that entered into law on 11th July 2006. The law clearly states that local authorities must improve outcomes for all children under 5. Local authorities should take the lead role in facilitating the childcare market to make sure that the needs of working parents, targeting ones who have disabled children and those on low incomes are met. People must be able to have full access to information they may need as parents. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) was introduced to support the education and care for children under 5. This supports the Every Child Matters legislation by having four main themes: - A unique child - Positive relationships - Enabling environments - Learning and development. A unique child: Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self assured. Positive relationships: Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person. Enabling Environments: The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children's development and learning. Learning & development: Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter-connected. The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice (SEN Code) was introduced in 1994 and revised in 2002. ...read more.

Conclusion

Do I like my job? Am I happy about where I am in my life? Would I like to look any different? Self-esteem is crucial and is the basis of a positive attitude towards living. It is very important because it affects how you think, act and even how you relate to other people. It allows you to life your life to your potential. Low self-esteem means poor confidence and that also causes negative thoughts which mean that you are likely to give up easily rather than face challenges. In addition it has a direct attitude on your happiness and well-being. Self-esteem can be the difference between success and failure. It can affect your thinking, causing your outlook to be positive or negative. Esteem affects your confidence, your self image, and your value towards others. Self-esteem enables you to have the right attitude to succeed at work, it affects your happiness. Abraham Maslow was a psychologist and he believed that everyone is born with the motivation to progress. A visual aid Maslow created to explain his theory, which he called the Hierarchy of Needs, is a pyramid which is representing the levels of human needs, psychological and physical in drawing/art form When a human being ascends the steps of the pyramid he reaches self actualization. At the bottom of the pyramid are the "Basic needs or Physiological needs" of a human being, food and water and sex. The next level is "Safety Needs: Security, Order, and Stability." These two steps are important to the physical endurance of the person. Once individuals have essential nutrition, shelter and safety, they try to achieve more. The third level of need is "Love and Belonging," which are psychological needs; when individuals have taken care of themselves physically, they are ready to share themselves with others. The fourth level is achieved when individuals feel secure with what they have achieved. This is the "Esteem" level, the level of success (from self and others). The top of the pyramid, "Need for Self-actualization," happens when individuals reach a position of agreement and understanding. ...read more.

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