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This booklet will help and support your learning and understanding of play, curriculum and early learning.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction: This booklet will help and support your learning and understanding of play, curriculum and early learning. This booklet should support you as a new Diploma in Childcare and Education student. In this booklet I will be developing your knowledge and understanding in the following areas: * What is play? * Play opportunities for each type of play * How creative, imaginative and physical play can promote learning for children aged 4-5 years old and how the activity links to the Early Learning Goals * The role of the adult in promoting play which meets the individual needs of individual children * The importance of providing a positive environment for play and learning * The strategies an adult may use to promote children's learning What is play? 'Play provides an opportunity for the child to be occupied in activities and tasks which are enjoyable and satisfying' (Richards J, 2002) Children's play occurs naturally; it also builds children's self-esteem as there are no right or wrongs ways to play. Creative Play 'Creative play is an important means of encouraging children to experiment and explore the world around them. It helps them to discover, through senses, the properties of different materials' (Tassoni P et al, 2000) Creative play encourages children to explore and explore the world around them, it also promotes discovery through their senses. Creative activities involve: * The use of the child's imagination * The use of the child's personal expression of ideas and feelings Play opportunities for Creative play: Creative play can involve the following activities: * Play with natural materials such as sand, water, clay and play dough * Collages * Junk modelling * Painting I am going to focus on PAINTING. PAINTING is a positive learning experience for children of all ages; it involves the use of a variety of colours and can be the bases for a number of activities. ...read more.

Middle

to the needs, views and feelings of others - Have a developing respect for their own cultures and beliefs and those of other people (Early Learning Goals taken from Tassoni P, Planning Play and the Early Years, 2000) How role play will promote the intended learning: Role play promotes the intended learning because: * It gives children the opportunity to forget about their real identities and take on the role of someone or something else * It develops confidence through children taking on other roles to be confident to join in on play with others * It allows them to express their thoughts, feelings and ideas * Promotes their social development by encouraging interaction with other children * It encourages learning about other cultures and religions through multi-cultural clothes and resources Physical Play 'The term 'physical play' is a term that can be used to describe the type of play in which children use their large muscles and exercise their whole body. They learn to control large and small muscles and develop co-ordination, and surplus energy is expanded' (Tassoni P et al, 2000) Physical play can be either indoors or outdoors, it provides opportunities for climbing, rolling, balancing, skipping, walking, running, jumping, hopping, throwing and many more. Aspects of physical play involve: * Space and direction * Hand/eye co-ordination * Eye/foot co-ordination * Balance - controlling movement of the body * Rhythm - development of movement flows * Physical self awareness - understanding of the way the body moves and what different parts are able to do * Fine muscle development and control - construction toys * Large muscle development and control - large scale equipment e.g. climbing frame * Basic body movement * Symmetrical activity - development of both sides of the body Play opportunities for Physical play: Physical play can involve the following activities: * Small scale equipment - - Construction toys - Peg/peg boards - Threading and sewing - Lego * Small world toys - Playmobil, train sets * Large scale ...read more.

Conclusion

- Displays of children's work, this shows children that their work is valued and therefore develops their self-esteem and self-confidence - Multi-cultural clothes in the home corner for role play, this will develop the children's learning and understanding of the different cultures and religions Strategies adults may use to promote children's learning: There are a few strategies adults can use to promote children's learning, these include: - Working alongside children - Puppets - e.g. teddies or animals - Props - e.g. dolls, Working alongside - this can be used to make the children feel valued and also give them confidence. Working alongside the children will mean the children can involve you in their activity, they can ask you questions relating to their activity and you can ask them questions to develop their knowledge and understanding. This will also encourage the children, giving them praise and encouragement will give them the chance to show you what they are able to do. Praise and encouragement will develop their self-esteem and their confidence to participate in the activity again. Puppets - this can be used to gain the children's attention. Children feel they can relate to puppets as they use their imaginations. The use of puppets is a valuable way to promote and develop children's learning, this is because the learning is hidden. The children will feel that they are helping the puppet and will find learning fun. This will be a factor in children wanting to learn so they can see and help the puppet again. Puppets can also be used to develop the children's knowledge of the animal the puppet is, for example, using a lion - you can give the lion a name and encourage the children to ask the lion questions about where the lion lives, what is eat etc. However you as the adult is going to have to take on the role of the lion in order to answer the children's questions and develop their knowledge and understanding. ...read more.

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