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Transplant Surgery Human beings have suffered from illnesses since they first appeared on the earth about million

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Introduction

Transplant Surgery Human beings have suffered from illnesses since they first appeared on the earth about million years ago. Throughout most of this time, they knew little about how the body works or what causes disease. Medicine has made great progress in the last several hundred years. Today, it is possible to cure, control, or prevent hundreds of diseases. People live longer than they did in the past as a result of new drugs, machines, and surgical operations. Medical progress in the control of infectious diseases, improvements in health care for mothers and children, and better nutrition, hygiene, and living conditions have given people a longer life expectancy. Scientists and doctors continually search for better ways of fighting disease, they discover transplant surgery. Transplant Surgery is the transfer of a tissue or an organ from one person to another or from one site to another in the same person. The history of transplant surgery goes back a very long way, scientists recognised centuries ago that if they could replace damaged or broken body parts many people would be healed. ...read more.

Middle

It can tell the difference between the cells of a person's body and all other cells. The immune system will reject and destroy transplanted organs because it recognises them as different. This meant that not only did scientists and doctors have to develop the surgical techniques for successful transplants, but they also had to find ways of preventing rejection of the new organ such as using special drugs. Throughout the fifty years of last century scientists were gaining in knowledge and understanding of how the organs of the body worked. They also learning to recognise some of the signals used by the immune system. In United Kingdom Government helped these scientists economically and supported this new surgical technique to occur. Nowadays, there are more than twenty one different kinds of organ transplants, from kidney transplants to heart transplants as well as countless numbers of tissue transplants, such as bone marrow transplants, face transplant and blood transfusions. Therefore scientific advances which have been made to make successful transplants possible with the massive support from the government economically. ...read more.

Conclusion

The long-term risks of transplant surgery are that people who have their transplant surgery, they are more likely to get cancer, particularly skin cancer. In most cases transplant recipients are given permanently medications to avoid the risk of rejection. At the time of transplant surgery there is a risk of bleeding from the place where the donor and recipient blood vessels were sewn together. Transplant patients may never regain the full function of their new members. I think the money that has been spent on transplants is worth it because transplants are one of the most amazing achievements of modern medicine, Transplant surgery have saved or improved the life of more than a million people in the world. However, there are ethical issues about transplant surgery which we should be aware of the consequences, doctors and other trained professionals are on a daily basis, decide who should receive a transplant operation and the organ necessary and who should not, basically, who should die and who should not. The decisions, when made, often seem incredibly unfair because patients who are less ill than others often get transplants, whilst others die waiting for a donor to appear. ?? ?? ?? ?? Farman Kawani 26 ...read more.

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