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treatment of agoraphobia

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Treatments for agoraphobia A phobia is a persistent fear of an object, situation or activity that a person feels they have to avoid, it causes them anxiety and panic attacks and some people take extreme measures to avoid the object, situation or activity, which can have a major effect on there life and day to day living, for example agoraphobia, if a person is scared of open spaces then how are they going to go to work or get there shopping it would have a dramatic affect on the individuals life. A lot of different treatments have been devised to help people with phobias 3 of which are listed below. In this assignment I will be discussing treatments for agoraphobia. Agoraphobia is a condition which develops when a person begins to avoid spaces or situations associated with anxiety. Typical "phobic situations" might include driving, shopping, crowded places, travelling, standing in line, being alone, meetings and social gatherings. Agoraphobia is a very common phobia the patient may suffer from nerves and panic attacks. (Hollander, E, and Bakalar, N, 2005) One treatment for agoraphobia is systemic desensitisation, this treatment relies on relaxation techniques and a hierarchy of fears. The stages include the patient and therapist identifying the phobic stimulus, in this case it is anxiety and fear of going out ...read more.


The ethical issues with systemic desensitisation are the therapist may push the patient to far, the patient may be induced to there phobia to soon and not be able to deal with the situations, this could cause panic attacks or the patient running away, medication given to relax patient may have side affects and can cause the patient to be drowsy and not in the right state of mind for the treatment, trust can be lost between patient and therapist or the patient could discontinue there treatment and never treat there phobia. Another way of treating agoraphobia is flooding treatment, this treatment is quite an extreme approach and is usually used when other treatments have failed. In treating agoraphobia the patient would be directly exposed to the scariest situation they could be in, which would be being alone in the town centre. The patient then feels fear and anxiety the patient is then left in this situation until there anxiety is over. This treatment works as a human cannot feel a feeling indefinitely, the patient can't be afraid forever, eventually the patient will stop feeling scared and realise the situation is not that scary. There are a few ethical issues with flooding treatment a lot of people see the treatment as cruel and feel it does more damage then good. ...read more.


(Moxon, d, Et el, 2003) Systemic desensitisation, flooding therapy and the somatic theory have sort of the same approach, making the patient feel relaxed enough to deal with agoraphobia and they all can use medication to help the patient feel relaxed and deal with the situation. Flooding therapy is very different the patient has to go through huge amounts of fear, it's the only treatment that can literally scare the patient to death. Systemic desensitisation induces the treatment slowly and deals with agoraphobia step by step, and the somatic approach just uses chemotherapy to help deal with the situation. All treatments are very different but have the same effects and show that you must be relaxed to deal with your phobia. There are lots of treatments to help people deal with agoraphobia many include therapy and finding the cause of the phobia, different treatments work for different people and phobias. Some people may have to try a few before one works. Some people may never find something that works. Agoraphobia is becoming a very common phobia for people with mental illnesses and more help is becoming available. Undergoing treatment has been very beneficial for most sufferers. Different perspectives on treatments can lead to two patients with the same phobia given different treatments as the person who referred them for treatment feels more strongly for one treatment or doesn't feel the others work. ...read more.

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