• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Turning points in surgery, especially in the 19th century

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Turning points in surgery, especially in the 19th century There were lots of different injuries that surgeons would try and treat. In the 16th century, Surgery wasn't taught in the universities. People became surgeons by being apprenticed to another surgeon, watching his or her work and copying it. There were guilds of surgeons who controlled entry into the profession. Master surgeons needed to have licenses and sometimes had to pass lengthy tests. Women had to pass these same tests to become surgeons and a great number did. One of the main turning points in surgery was in the Renaissance period and the man involved was Ambroise Pare. Before he came along, a process called Cauterization treated wounds. ...read more.

Middle

Now the only thing to do was to find a good way of stopping excessive bleeding. The old method was to press a red-hot iron over the wound to seal up the blood vessels and stop the bleeding. The only problem was that the patients nearly died from the pain of it all. Pare had another brilliant idea; he decided to tie a silk thread around each of the blood vessels to close them up. Pares one problem with this idea was that the silk thread would most likely carry an infection into the wound. If only he had an antiseptic to kill the germs his ides would have worked better. ...read more.

Conclusion

That meant that there had been a huge improvement in the death rate after the surgery but it wasn't perfect and people were still dying. The second turning point in the nineteenth century was the invention of anesthetics by a man called James Simpson. From the Stone Age until this time, any operation, even the pulling out of a tooth, would cause unbearable pain. The answer to this was obvious to Simpson. Anesthetics were a great idea because it meant that operations and surgery could be taken more seriously and slowly. Time could be taken to make sure that they got it absolutely right while the patient wouldn't feel the pain in any way. These were the two most important events or turning points in surgery in the nineteenth century and maybe in the history of surgery. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. The Renaissance

    Discovery is often the result of a chain of experimentation. Royal approval helped bring about the acceptance of anaesthesia. The administration of anaesthesia required expertise and standards before being accepted. Did the first world war advance medical practice in anatomy and surgery?

  2. Operations in the early 19th century resulted in a high death rate. Explain why ...

    This was seen as good gesture towards them, but going to a hospital in the 19th century was not as sensible as many infections could be caught and death was highly probable. A person going into hospital at this time would hope for a good surgeon.

  1. Measuring pain

    Morphine works by acting directly on the periaqueductal gray area. It is thought this area works by sending signals down from the brain in order to close the gate. Stimulation to the brainstem is known as stimulation-produced analgesia (SPA). Pain fibres produce substance P, in order for the pain signal to cross the nerve synapse.

  2. The 19th century saw great improvements in health and medicine - Do you agree?

    It was a German doctor, Robert Koch, took up the challenge of applying Pasteur's ideas to human diseases. Koch realised that bacteria, germs could be seen better through the microscope if it was stained. Koch studied anthrax, a disease that affects animals and humans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work