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Types Of Child Abuse

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Types of abuse Child abuse is categorised into different types. The types are: * Physical abuse ? Physical abuse is physically abusing the child and giving them non accidental injuries as shown below in the picture. Physical abuse can involve hitting, shaking, throwing, burning, suffocating the child or any other type of out of control punishment. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer produces the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child. * Sexual abuse ? Sexual abuse is having sex with children under the age of consent (16 in the UK). This could involve forcing a child to take part in a sexual activity; it may not involve a high level of violence as the child may be unaware of what is happening to them this is classed as rape. ...read more.


It can involve always ridiculing the child by making fun of them and calling them names which leads to the child not expressing their feelings. It can also involve serious bullying which will cause the child to always feel as if they are in danger and frightened, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child but it can happen alone. * Neglect - Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child?s physical or psychological needs, which can then lead to serious effects in the child's health or development. Neglect can involve: not providing adequate food for the child, not keeping the child clean or washing their clothes, not protecting the child from physical and emotional harm or danger and not ensuring the child has access to medical care or treatment. ...read more.


Bruising, bleeding or bites to the genitals, buttocks or breasts. Fear of being left alone with a person or specific group of people, and unusual distrust of adults. Discomfort when on the toilet or having a bowel movement. Acting and speaking in sexual explicit ways and drawing sexual explicit pictures. Underwear is torn or stained with blood. Nightmares, bedwetting, night terrors and sleep disturbances. Neglect Physical indicators Behavioural indicators Poor hygiene. Constantly late for school or nursery. Always hungry and might try stealing food. Complaining of being tired all the time. Smelling dirty, unclean clothes. Lack of interest in play and they become difficult to stimulate to get the best out of them. Inappropriate clothes for the weather. Withdrawn from the rest of the children and has a really low self-esteem. ...read more.

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