Unit 1 Explain the factors which affect the everyday needs of individuals
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P1. Outline the everyday needs of individual - Page 2 P2. Explain the factors which affect the everyday needs of individuals - Page 4 P3. Carry out an assessment of the health and wellbeing of an individual - Page 9 P4. Produce a plan for improving the health and wellbeing of an individual - Page 11 M1. Explain how the plan meets the health and well being needs of the individual -Page 13 D1. Justify how the plan takes into account the individuals circumstances and preferences. -Page P1. Outline the everyday needs of individuals Maslow's history Abraham Maslow was born on the 1st of April 1908 and sadly died on June 8th 1970 at the age of 62. He was born and raised in Brooklyn and New York. Marslow was Jewish. He was know as a psychologist and was most popular for the Maslow hierarchy of needs. This is a pyramid depicting the level of human needs from psychological to physical. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the basic needs, while the most complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. The Five Needs Psychological needs These are to do with the maintenance of the human body. If we are unwell, then little else matters until we recover. According to Maslow's theory, if such needs are not satisfied the one motivation will arise from the quest to satisfy them. Higher needs such as social needs and esteem are not felt until on has met the needs basic to ones bodily functioning.
B- Physical factors Genetic disorders Genetic disorders are conditions that have some cause in an individual's genetic make-up. Plenty of these disorders are inherited from our parents which have different effects e.g. dimples, red hair our height etc. However some genetic disorders get broken down which leads to diseases and conditions e.g. Down syndrome is characterized by heart distortion and poor muscle this resulted from a gene change that takes place during the earliest life development Age We have different age groups; infants (0-3 years), children, (4-10 years) Adolescents (11-18 years), Adulthood (19-65 years) and Elders (65+ years) As we grow older into our later adulthood years our bodies start to wear out we tend to get tired and have a lack of energy we tend to get a little death, loose a bit of our eyesight, weight gain and hair loss. These conditions can affect a how a person lives it affects them socially emotionally and physically. Environment Clean water and clean air is the top of all individual daily needs, without these two things our bodies cannot function to its standard. If we breathe in polluted which is like breathing in chemical air it will give us conditions and health problems, such as irritating eyes, nose and sore throats. If we live without clean water it can cause serious illness and lead to death. C-Lifestyle factors Smoking Smoking is legal but has serious affects and conditions that come along side.
Shanice Harris suffers from asthma and has breathing problems, she does not exercise, she takes naps but is unable to sleep for a long period of time. She eats whatever she wants as she does not have time to control her diet due to her work routine/timetable. She does not eat breakfast; this leads to diabetes which she has had in her past medical history. She also gets breathless easily when she tries to do basic things like walking a short distance. Due to what I have carried out I have made a plan for Shanice to improve her asthma. To prevent shanice from getting breathless on simple things like climbing up the stairs I would consider her to have a daily carer assisting her with these things to prevent her from getting exhausted. I would suggest for her that she drinks hot drinks before she sleeps and to also make sure her pillow positions are up right and that she sleeps in a good position to prevent back pains. I would also suggest her taking night sedations to help her sleep. Shanice needs a daily exercise routine and a balanced diet to prevent her from getting breathless so easily as well as to get her back on the average weight for a female; she needs to be educated on healthy eating. Shanice needs to be taking her medication on time and on a regular basis plus she has to be taking it correctly so everything can go according to plan. She needs to be making sure that she has been prescribed for medication to improve her asthma. ?? ?? ?? ??
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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay
This essay takes a look at some needs that an individual has and factors that affect them. However, it is a little basic in places. It states rather than describes or explains.
It could easily serve as a starting point to build upon. It could be extended by discussing how factors affect the individual and impact upon their needs.
Marked by teacher Sam Morran 13/08/2013
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