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Unit 14 - Identifying and treating physiological disorders.

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Introduction

´╗┐Jessica Bascombe 20174011 Group D Unit 14: Psychological Disorders Unit 14 P1: Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders. Unit 14 P2: Explain the signs of symptoms related to two named physiological disorders. Diabetes: This is a life-long condition that causes individuals blood sugar level to become too high, there are 2 types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 attacks and destroys the body?s immune system; it also destroys the cells, which create insulin. As a result of this no insulin is produced, and individuals glucose levels increase which can seriously damage the body organs. Individuals who have Type 1 Diabetes depend on insulin injections, for the rest of their lives they would need to pay close attention to certain parts of their life style, and health to ensure there blood glucose levels stays balanced by e.g. eating health and getting regular blood tests. Type 2 Diabetes is when the body doesn?t produce enough insulin or maybe individuals? body cells don?t react to insulin. Individuals who are diagnosed with this control their symptoms by eating healthy and monitoring their blood sugar levels, but however they would still need medication such as tablets. Another type of diabetes is Gestational diabetes which woman get when they are pregnant, some women have such high blood sugar levels that their body is unable to produce enough insulin to absorb it all. Gestational diabetes can increase their risk of health issues developing in an unborn baby, so it is important that woman keep their blood sugar levels under control. Gestational Diabetes develops during the 14-26weeks of their pregnancy and sometimes disappears after the baby is born. Coronary Heart Disease: This is when your hearts blood supply is blocked by a build-up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries. The walls on the arteries can become furred up with fatty deposits, this is called atheroma, and this is caused by smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. ...read more.

Middle

There are many types of biopsies that can be used including core needle biopsy, blood tests, and fine needle aspiration and excision biopsy. Scans can measure the size of the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body or nearby this is called staging the cancer. Once the type and stage of the cancer is known the doctors can discuss with the individual how best to treat them. The different types of scans that can be used include ultrasounds, mammograms and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); ultrasound is an imaging technique that uses sound waves to create a picture of the breast tissue. It is generally used, as a test to a mammogram an ultra sound is the best way to check whether the lump is a solid or filled with fluid a mammogram is one of the most important tools to diagnose breast cancer. X-Ray on the breast tissue to obtain a picture of the insides of an individual breasts. The procedure is very safe and it doesn?t make more than 20 minutes there is some discomfort and pain in the breasts when the breast is pressed on an upper and lower plate. MRI imaging technology used in he diagnosis of cancer unlike a mammogram that uses X-Rays to get the images of the breast, MRI use magnets and radio waves to create 3D images of the breast tissue. Sometimes a dye is injected in to the individuals arm cancer cells need a large amount of blood supply for there growth and the MRI shows where and whether the dye is concentrated in certain areas indicating cancer cells and the picture it appears as a white dark background. Unit 14 P4: Plan a care pathway for each physiological disorder including the roles of relevant practitioners Cancer: A care path way contains different elements together with planning, implementation, followed by an ongoing review in healthcare a care pathway is viewed as a multi disciplinary outline of care. ...read more.

Conclusion

Aids for living: Aids for living can assist somebody to live at home independently. There are many things that can help the individual around their house like; food preparation and eating aids, personal care and grooming aids, clothing adaptation aids, reaching and mobility aids and personal home and safety aids. These things can range from small aids such as adapted cutlery and non-spill cups if somebody struggles with their grip, telephones with bigger numbers if they have developed sight problems also there are phones where there is a speed dial with a picture space so it can hold a picture of their doctor or a family member so it is much easier for the individual to remember who they are and also there phone number instead of having to remember it and dial it. They can also do bigger adaptations such as stair lift?s Zimmer frames and enforced railings for people who struggle with balance, another adaptation for someone with Alzheimer?s is flash cards, instruction posters and post stick notes reminding them to do something and jogging there memory. To get these adaptations and advise them individual would contact their Occupational Therapist who will advise them on equipment and strategies hat can help them with everyday activities. If the individual does not have a care pan and therefore doesn?t have an occupational therapist then they can be contacted through their GP and social workers. The NHS can give certain amount of equipment such as walking sticks, walking frames and wheel chairs. Aids of living are a large support for somebody with Alzheimer?s as they starts to loose their recent memory they may need this extra support such as mobility support, memory joggers and instructions. Flash cards can start to become a regular memory activity to slow the memory loss process down. Aids of living are designed for the individual who is developing Alzheimer?s to live independently as long as possible with the help of aids that are available to them. ...read more.

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