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Unit 22 P3: Compare the difference research methodologies from health and social care

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´╗┐Jessica Bascombe Unit 22: Research Methodology for Health & Social Care P3: Compare the difference research methodologies from health and social care In this section I am going to compare methodologies which can be used during research in health and social care I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages to some research methodologies. Quantitive Research: Is research that uses numerical analysis in essence this approach reduces the data into numbers such as the percentage of teenage mother in London the researcher knows in advance what they are looking for and all aspects of the study are carefully designed before the data is collected. The objective of quantive research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and hypotheses quantitive research is generally done using scientific methods which include the following steps: * Developing models, theories and hypotheses of what the researcher expects to find * Developing instruments and methods for measuring the data * Experimental control and manipulation and variables * Collecting the data * Modelling and analyzing the data * Evaluating the results Strengths of quanitive research ...read more.


research interview participating in depth and one to one the interview typically has a general plan of inquiry but not a specific set of questions that must be asked in a particular order rather it flows more like a conversation in which the respondent guides the direction of the interview * Participation: The researcher observes behaviour by participating in the group and gaining first had experience * Immersion: The researcher immerses themselves into setting, living among the participants for months or years the researcher goes native to get an in-depth and longitudinal understanding of the subject * Focus groups: The researcher interviews a small group of participants at the same time the focus groups are generally more structured and contain 10 - 15 participants at a time, focus groups are used often in market research. Strengths of qualitative research is especially effective for studying attitudes and behaviours for examining social processes over time the main strength of this method then lies in the depth of understanding. ...read more.


Since the researcher did not collect the data then they have no control over what is contained in the data set. Sources of primary data: Laboratory Experiments: A highly controlled situation where researchers try to isolate the influence of each variable it is a controlled experiment focuses on 1 aspect of social behaviour the advantages of laboratory experience is that they are replicable and reliable they control over independent variable laboratory experiments are controlled in a environment can establish cause and effect relationships. The disadvantage of laboratory experiments they are artificial environment they have ethical issues also it effects behavioural changes as result of the researcher presence or the knowledge of being the subject of experiment. Field Experiments: An experiment conducted in the participant?s natural environment e.g.: workplace, sometimes the researcher will adapt or create a real life situation to test a research aim. Although they will not be able to control all the possible influences on the outcome of the experiment one or more variables will be controlled.` ...read more.

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