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Unit 26: Caring for Individuals with Additional Needs

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´╗┐Unit 26: Caring for Individuals with Additional Needs Additional Needs Task 2 Models of Disability The medical model views disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which therefore requires sustained medical care provided in the form of treatment. In the medical model, management of the disability is aimed at a "cure?, or the individual?s adjustment and behavioural change that would lead to an effective cure. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the main response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy. The social model of disability sees the issue of disability as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society. In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment. The management of the problem requires social action and is the collective responsibility of society at large to make the modifications necessary for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of social life. The issue is both cultural and ideological, requiring individual, community, and large-scale social change. ...read more.


Aside from diminishing the individual and his or her abilities, such prejudice can set too high or too low a standard for individuals who are merely human. Backlash: Many people believe individuals with disabilities are given unfair advantages, such as easier work requirements. Employers need to hold people with disabilities to the same job standards as co-workers, though the means of accomplishing the tasks may differ from person to person. Denial: Many disabilities are "hidden," such as learning disabilities, psychiatric disabilities, and epilepsy, cancer, arthritis and heart conditions. People tend to believe these are not bona fide disabilities needing accommodation. Accommodating "hidden" disabilities which meet the above definition can keep valued employees on the job and open doors for new employees. Fear: Many people are afraid that they will do or say the wrong thing around someone with a disability. They therefore avert their own discomfort by avoiding the individual with a disability. As with meeting a person from a different culture, frequent encounters can raise the comfort level. Unlike physical and systematic barriers, attitudinal barriers that often lead to illegal discrimination cannot be overcome simply through laws. The best remedy is familiarity, getting people with and without disabilities to mingle as co-workers, associates and social acquaintances. ...read more.


because many people may not realise that someone with Down syndrome can live independently in the same way as anyone else, which is why the Social, Holistic and Normalisation models are all so important because they all aim for the same goal but with different methods which is the integration of people who happen to have disabilities into society. Barriers Encountered By People Who Are Blind People who are blind may encounter potential employers who are less likely to employ them due to their blindness even though blind people have many methods of doing things such as writing and reading that do not require sight. I think that many employers may be hesitant to employ someone with a disability because they think that any accommodations they need to make will be too costly. This is denying people with disabilities the same opportunities as people who do not have disabilities. The social and normalisation models are probably the most relevant as they aim to make disability more integrated into the workings of society. I think that if people were more aware of the way in which people with disabilities can overcome their barriers then employers would be far more likely to not see someone?s disability as a hindrance to their potential value to their workplace and their value as a person. ...read more.

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