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Unit 4 Assignment 1 - tracking an individual through the life stages.

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Introduction

´╗┐Unit 4 Task 1 P1 These are the life stages of James Lynch. James is eighteen years old and is reaching the life stage of being an adult. James still lives at home with his family, his mother Mary, father Nick and little sister Judy. James is currently studying at college. After James?s parents got married they decided they wanted to have a baby. The sequence begun with James?s father ejaculating during copulation, which followed the release of an ovum from James?s mother?s ovary, this is called ovulation. Next, James?s father?s sperm fertilized with James?s mother?s ovum, this is called fertilization. In some cases women are born without ovaries which mean they may not be able to have children unless they have a donor egg and IVF which may cost money, in other cases men can have a sperm deficiency which may lead to not being able to have children but in this case Nick and Mary were both able to conceive. Once fertilization has taken place a nuclei is formed, this is the first cell of a new living thing. The cell moves slowly through the fallopian tube to the uterus and attaches to the lining of the uterus, this is called implantation. This cell will slowly grow and become James. The cell continues to grow in the uterus and becomes an embryo. At this stage Mary was pregnant and her first trimester begun. The first trimester is the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Mary started to read up on pregnancy and started getting used to the idea that she is going to have a baby. She started to eat healthily and began adopting good eating habits. She didn?t have morning sickness but most women do tend to have morning sickness during the first trimester of pregnancy, however Mary did experience dizzy spells and random cravings for various foods preferably tangy foods. ...read more.

Middle

Nick was also teaching James to ride a bike with stabilizers. James had also learnt to use the toilet at this stage but tended to wet the bed now and then. He could also dress himself confidently and played with other children in the park, he could even play on the swings with a bit of help from Mary. James?s ability to speak had also developed at this stage he could say his own name and age. He could also answer simple questions and could tell little stories. He also learnt how to count and could name familiar colours. James?s also developed a good imagination and started to fantasize more creatively. James?s also learnt how to say words to describe how he feels which meant he had less tantrums, he also began to form his own personality and had his own likes and dislikes. James?s also started to pinch and bite Mary when he was upset or angry, Mary would tell him that this is wrong and he shouldn?t do this, making James lose this habit for the future. As time went on and James reached the age of 9 years old, he was on the brink of adolescence. In a few years he will experience significant changes in his physical development as he enters puberty and his preteen years. James had grown taller and his body had gone slim. James?s speed and strength had strengthened since he was younger and he had become really good at playing sport. He started to learn how to swim and his balance and coordination had improved. James could brush his teeth himself and also bathe himself his baby teeth were continuing to fall out at this stage. James was paying attention in school and loved visiting the library he was interested in learning about history. His favorite topic was ancient Egypt, at this stage James would read books about ancient Egypt and had a passion for learning more about their culture. ...read more.

Conclusion

James learnt how to speak because of the environment he was living in, if James?s family didn?t speak to him throughout his infancy and toddler years he would not have learnt simple words and would not have been able to speak clearly in English. Even though humans genetically have abilities to speak it takes social communication for humans to develop their speech and language skills. Conclusion This shows that nature and nurture both take place in the development in language skills. Nature plays a role due to how genetically we are all born with abilities and traits that make us speak, however nurture plays more of a role than nature because without social communication a human would not know how to say a simple sentence or word because the brain picks up words that are spoken and remembers the way they are spoken and the sounds that are involved. If someone was born in an environment without anyone speaking to them they will not have any knowledge of how to speak. Nature vs. Nurture Debate When James?s mother was 18 years old she suffered from depression, James is 18 years old and he tends to get depressed quite a lot this could be a genetic trait that he got from his mother. On the other hand James could be depressed because of stress and other problems in his life and it could be that without these problems he would not get depressed at all. James?s grandmother who is Mary?s mother also suffered from depression at a young age so this can prove to be a genetic trait that depression runs in the family. But if a person is in an environment where there is a lot of stress and worries then a person will tend to get depressed. Conclusion I believe that depression is caused by nurture not nature. I don?t think someone can be born with a genetic trait of depression in them. It could be that having a parent that is depressed can make the child?s environment rather glum and stressful which makes the child depressed. ...read more.

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