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unit 4 CACHE - Health and Safety and Early Years Activities.

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Introduction

E1 identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early year's settings. * Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 * Controller of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 * Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2006 * Children Act 2006 * The Food Safety Act 1990. E2 Describe the procedures which will keep a child safe for each accidents, illness and injury. Meningitis is a potentially fatal infectious disease. Some of the signs of meningitis are signs of severe headaches, Photophobia, nausea and vomiting and joint pains. When in the setting the immediate plan of action would be firstly reassure the child and isolate the child from the group and take them to a quite place. The next part of the plan would be to send someone to ring up the emergency services (999) also inform parents as soon as possible. In the event of an asthma attack you must stay calm and reassure the child while helping the child find a comfortable position. You should give the child his/her blue relief inhaler and wait 5-10 minutes to see if the asthma attack has improved, if not you should phone for an ambulance after 10 minutes. You should also record the pulse and check the child's breathing every 10 minutes. You should inform the parents. In the case of a bump on head you should apply a cold compress and reassure that he or she will be ok. You would then send for first aid and record in accident book. Once you have recorded it in the accident book and the first aider is attending to the child you would fill out a head injury form and send it to parents. If the think the child is fine then once he/she has recuperated he can join the others but if you are worried record vital signs e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Sessions could also include bushcraft and painting with berry's alongside other activities including making musical instruments out of natural items and senses activities. Some forest schools can run scavenger hunts searching for items spread out in a designated area. Steiner's theory on education is based on community education and the great importance on the bond between child and adult. Like Froebel and Montessori, he thought that emotional well-being and self-esteem are central to a child's development. Steiner placed great importance on physical well-being and a healthy diet taking a holistic approach to his theory on education, he also placed importance on the environment as well. Children with special needs where encouraged to participate in play to help children develop a higher standard of empathy. E7 - explain the importance of helping children manage risk and challenge in their environment. Children need to be able to manage risks to protect themselves for example, crossing a road. Children need to be able to know what to do in that situation to keep themselves safe by using traffic lights or using the lollipop lady. This also moves them onto the next stage of development and increases their confidence, self-esteem (I can do approach) and independence. This also gives themselves a sense of achievement and accomplishment when managing the situation correctly and safely. It is also important for young children need new and exciting experiences with opportunities to explore and learn through play. The benefits of justify the risks as the new opportunities help increase a range of skills which include self-help and life skills which are essential for the children to develop to become more resilient. Learning outside also extends their learning and develops competence with other crucial skills such as good judgement. Challenging encourages children to take responsibility for them as it gives you the opportunity to discuss safety issues and agree on appropriate behaviour when learning outdoors. ...read more.

Conclusion

a setting and meeting the care needs of children, I believe the most rewarding is, as a practitioner, watching the children develop. A practitioner may be affected with a sense of pride due to seeing the children develop in all area's and the practitioner may feel a sense of achievement due to this. "Knowing that you're making a difference" http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061117163921AAoZwNG and http://gradschool.about.com/od/education/f/advteacher.htm Practitioners working with children do so because they enjoy working with children as the job itself is a reward to see children develop and gives you a sense of pride as your proud of the children developing. To be a successful practitioner you should be working with children as you enjoy it and enthusiastic about it, there are many different experiences when working with children and there is a lot of job satisfaction to it. This is one of the biggest effects on practitioners, the satisfaction of enabling and empowering children while watching them grow, it is the main reason for me to become a teacher. There are many downsides to working as a practitioner such as possible health declines do to the stress of the job. Stress is a big concern for practitioners as it may cause such issues like lack of sleep which then may lead to becoming emotionally drained as it is a tiring job. Working hours is also a stress factor as so much has to be done in school and possibly drag on into the practitioners own time at home such as marking work to help the children improve, another stress factor is the workload itself. "The downside, as any teacher will say if you ask them what they don't like about their job, is the PAPERWORK. You will spend much of your evenings and weekends marking work for your class, and possibly sometime during the holidays too." http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061117163921AAoZwNG "Work, on average, 50 hours a week" http://gradschool.about.com/od/education/f/advteacher.htm There are other important factors that may be called a negative side to the job such as the children themselves. ...read more.

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