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Unit 4 P4, P5 & D2. Development Through The Life Stages

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Introduction

´╗┐Jessica Bascombe 20174011 Group D Unit 4: Development Through the Life Stages Unit 4: Development Through The Life Stages P4: Disengagement Theory ? The disengagement theory was created by Cumming and Henry in 1961 they claimed that older people make a positive and active effort to withdraw from life as a response to their physical, intellectual, emotional, social skills, abilities, they diminish all interests and some even their expectations of how they should behave. They had suggested that older people willingly retire from work, willingly withdraw from relationships and disengage from roles, prefer to be inactive and they become less friendly. In 1975 Cumming had argued that all older people would become less concerned with others expectations he also argued that it was healthy and appropriate for older people to withdraw from others and that disengagement is natural part with ageing. Activity Theory ? The activity theory was created by 2 mean called Lemon and Peterson in 1972 they had a more optimistic view of the aging compared to the disengagement theory. They had claimed that older people would age healthier when they maintain their relationships, roles, keep their self-busy with day-to-day activities and maintain a positive attitude to life. In addition the more social contacts, positive attitude and activities an elderly individual has the better their quality of life would be. Although as people become older unfortunate of events take place such as retirement and bereavement and these diminish their social networks and social contacts another theorist named Bromley had argued in 1966 that ...read more.

Middle

The joints do not directly touch the bones they are cushioned by a cartilage that lines the bones joints are formed at the end of 2 bones they come together to hold the bones together to allow them to move. There are many different types of joints such as the ball and socket joint, condylod joints, gliding joint, hinge joint, pivot joint and the saddle joint. As we age are joints become stiffer and less flexible because of the less synovial fluid in the joints and the cartilage becomes thinner of the individual continues being inactive this can cause the cartilage to shrink and stiffen reducing joint mobility. Organ Changes ? The human body is made up of several organ systems that work together as one unit. Organs living tissue is made of cells there are many different types of cells but have a basic structure. Tissues are layer of similar cells that perform a specific function all types of tissue supports other tissue blood internal organs; epithelial tissue provides a covering for the deeper body. Muscles tissue like the striated muscle that helps move the skeleton the smooth muscle consist of the stomach and other internal organs, the cardiac muscle which makes up most of the heart wall. As elderly people age their cell experience changes they become larger and are less able to divide and multiply this can cause sells to lose their ability to function and begin function abnormally among other changes there are also an increase in pigments and fatty substances called lipids. ...read more.

Conclusion

Residential Care homes - Offer accommodation, meals support with personal care such as bathing, dressing the staff of the care home are available 24 hours a day and provide support for their emotional and physical needs and care though them during their illnesses if the elderly individual can?t afford their rent and mortgage. This service helps give care and stabile for the elderly they can join a restiantial care home weather their staying permantly or temporary the staff would carry out a means test once they have done that they would take account your level of needs and your income. Care homes provide comfortable surroundings with trained staff on hand to look after their needs depending on their financial situation and will arrange a financial assessment to establish what cost they may need to pay. Freedom Pass ? Is given to elderly people because they get their pension that is not enough money and with that they would have to pay bills, food and clothes so this service has chosen to help support elderly and vulnerable individuals by giving free travel without worrying about money elderly people can get a freedom pass by applying online or at the post office. Elderly people can only get this service only if they are 60 years and over and if they are: 1. Blind 2. Deaf 3. Learning Disability 4. No arms 5. Can only use it between 9:30am ? 23:00pmjessicabasco ...read more.

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