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Using the Dahlgren and Whitehead (1991) model, describe 6 factors that affect health in the UK

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Describe the potential influences of 5 life factors on the development of individuals. P2 A life factor is an influence development over the life time for long periods, which do not happen suddenly. The influence of a life factor is not always obvious. Examples of life factors include: 1. Lifestyle-i.e. diet. Your food choices can have a long-term impact on your health. There is good evidence to suggest that healthy eating can help you manage your weight and will improve your overall feeling of well-being. It can also reduce your risk of developing illness and serious disease such as diabetes, obesity, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and cancer. Food contains the nutrients and fibre required for many vital processes in your body, e.g. � Carbohydrates- your body's preferred source of energy. � Protein- is essential for the growth and repair of all tissues in your body. � Fat- helps transport essential vitamins around your body. � Vitamins and minerals. � Fibre- helps keep your digestive system healthy and controls your cholesterol and blood sugar levels The illustration below shows you the ...read more.


Lack of income means having an awkward life and having to do everything the hard way, i.e. hauling groceries or laundry on the bus, using pay phones instead of having a phone at home, etc. Health hazards for people with low incomes include: � Poor housing with mould, poor air quality, inadequate heat or hot water etc. � Inadequate clothing for cold weather and winter, leading to a higher risk of getting the flu, and therefore leading to the inability to work and provide for your family. � Restricted access to supermarkets, and therefore limited access to nutritious food such as fresh fruits, vegetables or fresh milk. � Restricted access to non-insured health care such as medications. � Restricted access to communication (such as phone or Internet). � Restricted access to education leading to low health literacy, fewer job prospects, etc. � Social isolation. � Increased levels of stress due to less leisure time and greater financial pressures. � Housing location affects children's access to education and/or leisure resources. ...read more.


The health impacts of condensation are similar to those of dampness. Mould and fungi can also be allergenic. Cold Homes For every degree that the temperature falls below the winter average there are approximately 8,000 extra deaths. Cold homes are caused by inadequate heating systems or poor insulation. Health impacts if cold homes include: � Respiratory illness � Cardiovascular conditions � Hypothermia � Increased risk of accidents and falls � Mental health (depression/isolation) � Rheumatism and arthritis 4. Biological and Genetic-biological factors are those that involve the body, e.g. Foetal alcohol syndrome, infections, teratogens. Biological factors can sometimes include genetic factors. Genetics is what contains 'instructions' needed to make living organisms and sometimes genetic patterns carried by parents can cause specific illnesses or conditions that are inherited by children, e.g. Down's syndrome, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anaemia. I have included a table which describes examples of how biological and genetic factors influence the development of individuals. The table explains how individuals suffering from 4 diseases (Down's syndrome, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anaemia and foetal alcohol syndrome) are affected and how they have to adapt and lead their lives differently. ?? ?? ?? ?? Viktoria Robins Life Stages, Unit 4 1 ...read more.

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