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Using the Jakarta Declaration as a basis, discuss the health inequities that are being experienced by the Aboriginal people in the remote Northern Territory of Borroloola. & Using the Ottawa Charter as a basis, how could the problems experienced by thes

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Introduction

ASSESSMENT TASK 1 - HEALTH PROMOTION Using the Jakarta Declaration as a basis, discuss the health inequities that are being experienced by the Aboriginal people in the remote Northern Territory of Borroloola. & Using the Ottawa Charter as a basis, how could the problems experienced by these people be properly addressed, both now and in the future. The aboriginal community of the isolated town Borroloola is one of many indigenous groups who suffer a considerable amount of health inequities. For the people of this town, the inequities they face are things such as: a life expectancy of 17-20 years less than non-indigenous peoples, infant mortality rates more than three times higher than non-indigenous people, higher rates of binge drinking, smoking at twice the rate of other Australians and they suffer higher levels of obesity. When applied to the Jakarta Declaration of 1997, which was formed at the fourth international conference on health promotion, it is obvious that Borroloola's Aboriginal population are not able to achieve optimal health as there is a failure on the government's behalf to meet the principles of this declaration. ...read more.

Middle

This is proven in the lack of education for the wide range of ages of the community. If there was adequate education and community involvement, the Aboriginals would be able to take more control as a community to better their health. In response to these health inequities and issues, actions need to be taken to improve Borroloola's health. This can be achieved through application of the Ottawa Charter which was formed in by the World Health Organisation in 1986 at Ottawa, Canada. The give areas give direction for health promotion and improving health. Firstly, Developing Personal Skills would be a good starting point to improve health by giving the town's citizens skills to make healthy lifestyle choices. This can be achieved through implementation of the Quit smoking program and education on lifestyle factors such as diet, smoking and alcohol consumption. In doing so, Borroloola's people will be more aware of the risks associated with drinking. ...read more.

Conclusion

The community would also benefit from the local doctor exposing patients to the 'Exercise: you only have to take it regularly, not seriously' initiative. Finally, Building Healthy Public Policy is an area deserving of attention. It facilitates and mandates change. From the case, a change in alcohol laws and better enforcement would have a significant impact on Borroloola. If patrons are limited in the amount of 'grog' they buy, it could reduce binge drinking and accommodate responsible selling and as a result, reduces one of the primary risk factors in cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In conclusion, the town of Borroloola showcases the vast inequities that plague most aboriginal communities. If there is to be an improvement in their health and life expectancy, then the areas of the Ottawa Charter provide an ideal framework for ways of making improvements. However, it all comes down to the new approach to health promotion and the government's financial support. Without financial backing, not much is possible. In the long term, if the above strategies are implemented, there should be a gradual reduction in cardiovascular disease and diabetes and improvement in health. ...read more.

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