• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why MRSA is difficult to treat.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why MRSA is difficult to treat MRSA is difficult to treat because of it's resistance. Acquired immune processes include the body's adaptive response to antibiotics. ie when given the body makes specific antibodies to combat MRSA by destroying it's outer membrane. Antibiotics can be given orally or through injections. The main antibiotics used are vancomycin and rifampicin and they are most effective when used in combination. If it's used early then it can eradicate the infection within 48 hours. Moreover, as a preventative measure it may be given immediately after surgery (particularly invasive techniques.) Vancomycin is considered the "last line of defence" but alone it may be ineffective as, although rare in the UK certain strains of (non-classic) MRSA can be resistant to the antibiotic(s.) Vancomycin can also have serious side effects. ...read more.

Middle

The biofilm provide MRSA with extra protection against antibiotics. Therefore, the outer membrane of MRSA is more likely to be destroyed. Modulations of antibiotics policies alone do not ultimately eliminate MRSA from clinical settings. Thus, another method for the cytoxicity of MRSA is described by Von Eiff et al. They describe how S. Aureus can be killed in vitro by shock-waves. They also suggest osmolyte stimulation of innate anti-microbial defence systems and bacteriophhage therapy to eliminate the weaker strains of MRSA. Therefore, concentrate efforts on a narrower range of MRSA so MRSA as a whole is more likely to be significantly reduced if not eradicated completely. Other alternatives to anti-biotics include surgery. This may be via thorough the excision of all infected tissue and bone (which is a compulsory procedure,) ...read more.

Conclusion

Additional alternatives include creams and shampoos may also be used. This may be for pets as well as the patient, because domestic animals may carry the MRSA in their coats and transmit it to those who are vulnerable. New research has found a compound that occurs naturally in garlic called allicin and this has been developed into a cream for people with MRSA. It is highly effective against MRSA and can be applied to the skin and nostrils. A new nasal spray has also been developed. It contains phages which when sprayed in the nose or even work surfaces kill MRSA. Assuming the infection is around a sore, further alternatives to antibiotics include draining the sore. The Government has emphasised that hospitals should use less antibiotics to limit the opportunity for bacteria to develop resistance (opportunistic.) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a good essay that looks at ways to treat MRSA. However, it is very technical and some of the language is beyond that which would be expected at this level of writing.

It is correct but I think it would benefit from being simplified so that the writer could show that they understand what they are writing. It could also be enhanced by including some history of MRSA and why it is such a problem.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Role of Energy in the Body and the Physiology of Three Named Body ...

    5 star(s)

    It is protected by a moveable cartilage flap, the epiglottis, which prevents food entering during swallowing. When any material, such as a crumb, manages to pass by the epiglottis it invokes an intense bout of coughing by reflex action to expel the foreign body.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

    4 star(s)

    The fourth quarter is ?Unknown Self? This contains information, feelings, latent abilities, aptitudes, experiences etc, that are unknown to the person him/herself and unknownto others in the group. These unknown issues take a variety of forms: they can be feelings, behaviours, attitudes, capabilities, aptitudes, which can be quite close to

  1. Describe 4 examples of discriminatory practice

    Research two national initiatives and explain in detail how these work to promote anti-discriminatory practice. National initiatives are key pieces of legislation frameworks for good practice and continual working together of professional practices. The first national initiative that promotes anti-discriminatory practice is the Sex Discrimination Act 1975.

  2. complementary therapy

    sometimes be highly congested with traffic, this may discourage an individual to use centres due to busy rods.

  1. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    In our setting we have a free flow system that enables the children to access each room/garden when they would like to. This also means that staff are never in a closed room with children and all staff are aware that they move around where the children are playing.

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    During childhood, children tend to vary their food intake (spontaneously) to match their growth patterns. Children?s food needs vary widely, depending on their growth and their level of physical activity. Like energy needs, a child?s needs for protein, vitamins and minerals increase with age.

  1. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    (A02-B3) An analysis of two preventive measures the chosen key workers would apply and an in-depth understanding of the reasons for the preventative measures being applied. (AO2-C3) Candidates will show an in-depth understanding of the implications of current health promotion initiatives.

  2. Health and Social Care Communication. Examples from work with a service user with ...

    In the case of reminiscence therapy, the room should be assigned to my therapy session only and there should be no other clients in the room at the time. This is because the noise levels could get too high in this case and Majella could then become distracted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work