• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why MRSA is difficult to treat.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why MRSA is difficult to treat MRSA is difficult to treat because of it's resistance. Acquired immune processes include the body's adaptive response to antibiotics. ie when given the body makes specific antibodies to combat MRSA by destroying it's outer membrane. Antibiotics can be given orally or through injections. The main antibiotics used are vancomycin and rifampicin and they are most effective when used in combination. If it's used early then it can eradicate the infection within 48 hours. Moreover, as a preventative measure it may be given immediately after surgery (particularly invasive techniques.) Vancomycin is considered the "last line of defence" but alone it may be ineffective as, although rare in the UK certain strains of (non-classic) MRSA can be resistant to the antibiotic(s.) Vancomycin can also have serious side effects. ...read more.

Middle

The biofilm provide MRSA with extra protection against antibiotics. Therefore, the outer membrane of MRSA is more likely to be destroyed. Modulations of antibiotics policies alone do not ultimately eliminate MRSA from clinical settings. Thus, another method for the cytoxicity of MRSA is described by Von Eiff et al. They describe how S. Aureus can be killed in vitro by shock-waves. They also suggest osmolyte stimulation of innate anti-microbial defence systems and bacteriophhage therapy to eliminate the weaker strains of MRSA. Therefore, concentrate efforts on a narrower range of MRSA so MRSA as a whole is more likely to be significantly reduced if not eradicated completely. Other alternatives to anti-biotics include surgery. This may be via thorough the excision of all infected tissue and bone (which is a compulsory procedure,) ...read more.

Conclusion

Additional alternatives include creams and shampoos may also be used. This may be for pets as well as the patient, because domestic animals may carry the MRSA in their coats and transmit it to those who are vulnerable. New research has found a compound that occurs naturally in garlic called allicin and this has been developed into a cream for people with MRSA. It is highly effective against MRSA and can be applied to the skin and nostrils. A new nasal spray has also been developed. It contains phages which when sprayed in the nose or even work surfaces kill MRSA. Assuming the infection is around a sore, further alternatives to antibiotics include draining the sore. The Government has emphasised that hospitals should use less antibiotics to limit the opportunity for bacteria to develop resistance (opportunistic.) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a good essay that looks at ways to treat MRSA. However, it is very technical and some of the language is beyond that which would be expected at this level of writing.

It is correct but I think it would benefit from being simplified so that the writer could show that they understand what they are writing. It could also be enhanced by including some history of MRSA and why it is such a problem.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

    4 star(s)

    This hidden or avoided self represents information, feelings, etc, anything that a person knows about him/self, but which is not revealed or is kept hidden from others. The hidden area could also include sensitivities, fears, hidden agendas, manipulative intentions, secrets - anything that a person knows but does not reveal, for whatever reason.

  2. complementary therapy

    Individuals living in urban areas have a great rage of centres that are available without them having to travel lightly distances to access them. When living in an urban area there are advantages such as public transport that runs regularly however the problem with this is that urban areas can

  1. Describe processes for initiating,maintaining,developing and conducting a counselling relationship

    When discussing confidentiality the counsellor must show that they are genuine, serious and professional. Once the introduction, contracting and confidentiality are explained, the counsellor will ask the client firstly, why they are here? What would they like to talk about?

  2. Describe 4 examples of discriminatory practice

    This could also have a major impact on the company's reputation as they have been seen to discriminate a disabled person which could impact their sales as disabled could stop shopping there as they've heard about what poor treatment another disabled person has received.

  1. POSITIVE CARE ENVIRONMENT

    For this assignment I have chosen to focus on the rights children in early year settings. The care setting I have decided to look at is called "Stimpson Avenue Primary School" I will be focussing on the policies and procedures the care practitioners use whilst working with service users to ensure a positive care environment.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    By ensuring universal services, such as health, education and housing are accessible to all children, young people and families, and targeted services are provided to reduce the stress on particular families and in particular communities, the likelihood of possible harm to children and young people is minimised and they are able to achieve their optimal developmental outcomes.

  1. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    Calcium has also been found to assist in the production of lymphatic fluids. Just 1% of the total body pool of calcium is utilized to support nerve transmission, muscle contraction (including normal heart rhythm), blood clotting, and regulation of enzyme and hormone activities.

  2. Health and Social Care Communication. Examples from work with a service user with ...

    How will I evaluate Majella? I will ask myself the following questions about Majella. Has she become a more active participant? Has there been an improvement in her self-esteem? What has she learnt? In the plan I am going to deliver, I will consider all of the vital aspects of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work