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Without the intervention of Government there would have been little progress in medicine in the Modern World.

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The Modern World. Without the intervention of Government there would have been little progress in medicine in the Modern World. Introduction I agree that without the intervention of Government, there would have been little progress in medicine in the Modern World. There would have been no NHS, no Welfare State, penicillin would have been left unexplored for many years and people would still be living in unhealthy homes. For the first time, Governments have been very interested in making their people healthy, and not just aiding those that can aid them. What caused people to be healthy or unhealthy in the Modern World? The standard of living during in the Modern world has greatly increased since its beginnings at the end Victoria's rein. War ripped the world apart twice in the first half of the 20th century, causing tens of millions to die. The general population lived in insanitary, back-to-back housing, often suffering from malnutrition, as they couldn't afford to buy enough food for their families, which were often very large because of the lack of contraceptives. On top of this, medical treatment was still too expensive for many people to afford. On the other hand, health was still improving. Thanks to the wars, drugs, treatments and surgery had all progressed much faster than they would have otherwise. Children were being given cheap or free meals at school (which was also free in many places, or very cheap), midwives were given better training, the schools did regular health checks, better housing was enforced as back-to-back housing was banned, day nurseries were provided for working women, women were taught how to best look after their children and milk production became more hygienic. Along with this, vaccinations for the main killers of both children and adults were discovered, these were free and often enforced. Regulations about smoke and smog were made, dramatically cutting the number of deaths from influenza, pneumonia, TB and other illnesses that affected the lungs (the smoke in the lungs meant that their lung capacity was cut, so it was hard to breath. ...read more.


Well established and proven methods of diagnosis and treatment that were discovered before our time are bound not to change, although they maybe adapted as new technology or information comes to light. One of the contributing factors to the progress of diagnosis and treatments in the Modern Age was the individuals: * Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) from Scotland, trained as a doctor and in 1928 was the research assistant to Sir Almroth Wright, working on bacteria. Fleming accidentally discovered a mould in one of his culture dishes that was killing all the germs around it. One of Fleming's colleagues identified the mould as penicillin. Fleming did few tests with it, testing it on some animals and curing a colleagues eye infection. For the most part he just maintained a supply of it and go about his normal business. It was not until Florey and Chain heard about his discovery that penicillin was developed as a potential drug. Fleming's discovery was important, as penicillin would never have been developed else, but the credit for that should fall to Florey and Chain. Penicillin was the first antibiotic drug and saved many lives during World War II. He won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1945, saying, "Nature makes penicillin; I just found it." * Howard Florey (1898-1968) and Ernst Chain (1906-1979) were funded by the British government to research penicillin. With the help of skilled team found a way of purifying penicillin in 1940. In drug form, it was tested on mice and then on a patient named Albert Alexander. The patient began to recover, but unfortunately the supply of the drug ran out due to their inability to produce large quantities of it. When the US entered the war in 1941, Florey was able to persuade US drug companies to mass-produce penicillin because of its usefulness in the war effort. The US government offered grants to any companies that wanted to produce the drug, these grants were for the expensive equipment that it took to make it. ...read more.


Or the government is an oppressive force, often with an army to enforce their rule; these governments find it cheaper to kill anyone that asks for clean water than to actually give it to them. With a lot more help from the Governments of the Western Nations, many more, simple gestures such as cancelling the debt, putting in clean water wells and installing irrigation pumps, or even dropping the price of drugs and providing free schools for children and adults alike would be possible. Things such as these will help them stand up for themselves and to make their own way. Conclusion The government certainly aided a great deal with the progression of medicine in the Modern World. Although the discoveries were made by individuals, scientific teams or by international drug companies, they often wouldn't have been developed much further if it weren't for government grants and funding. By far the most important thing the government has done in the past 100 years is to make health care available to everyone whereas in the industrial age health care was provided only to those who could pay rather than by right. There are still inequalities in medical provision throughout the world. In the Western World, although people are entitled to health care, the standard to which this is given would rely on an individual's wealth. In the Third World even the governments cannot afford to buy in Western medicines and this is a critical issue that should be addressed by the Western governments to improve the status of global health. In conclusion, the governments of the Western World have done much for the progression of medicine and provided free access to health care for their own populations. The poorer countries of the Third World however, cannot afford modern medicines for their people. Where once the main problem in the provision of health care was the difference between the rich and the poor people, it now seems that the most important problem is the difference between the rich and poor nations. ?? ?? ?? ?? Samantha Canvin Mr. Mungles 10DA History 1 ...read more.

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