• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Write a report that explains the key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. There are 3 main learning styles that people use to learn. These are: Kinesthetic Auditory Visual

Free essay example:

Personal and Professional Development – P1 – Amy Williams

(P1) Write a report that explains the key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals.

There are 3 main learning styles that people use to learn. These are:

  • Kinesthetic
  • Auditory
  • Visual


Kinesthetic learning is a style in which a person learns through doing. It can be things such as sports, experimentation and drama opposed to listening to someone give a lecture or watching someone perform a demonstration. The best way for a kinaesthetic learner to take in information is by activities that involve touching, feeling, holding, doing, and practical experiences.

Kinesthetic learners often fidget, move their legs alot or tap their feet, which can then lead them to be labelled as hyperactive. Also, they can be good in active jobs such as actors, musician, dancer or athletes and work well with their hands. They may be good at repairing work, sculpting, art, or working with various tools.


Auditory learning is a style in which a person learns by listening. Its mainly listening to someone talk in lectures, speeches, and oral sessions although they must be able to hear exactly what is being said to understand completely. They have difficulty understanding instructions that are written.

Because auditory learners have brilliant listening skills, the best career choices for them would be along the lines of a pathologist, disc jockey (DJ), and musician.


Visual learners work best by seeing things, over hearing someone talk about them or creating something. Someone that is a visual learner prefers information to be given to them in the form of a chart or pictures, and are good at remembering visual objects or signs such as sign language and colours. They also like to make lists, outline the important parts of documents heavily to catch the eye and can also draw and read maps very well.

Visual learners would excel best in jobs such as architects, engineers, and surgeons, and any jobs that have a good view for the future.

5 Influences on Learning

Kolb and Honey and Mumford created 2 learning theories to help people understand how they learn. One way of learning is to learn from experience. The easiest way to learn from experience is by following Kolb’s Experimental Learning Cycle below. The four different stages represent the learning sequence showing it has to be followed in order and completely finished for effective learning to have taken place. Also, because the cycle is consecutive, you can start at any one point as long as it is completed. (Stretch, B, Whitehouse, M. 2007)

  • Concrete Experience is the stage where you participate in the action.
  • Reflective Observation is when you reflect over what you have done or seen in the last stage.
  • Abstract Conceptualization is when you conclude what you have reflected upon, putting your thoughts and experiences into an order.
  • Active Experimentation is when you plan the action, but most importantly change what you have already learned showing you have learned from your experience. (Stretch, B, Whitehouse, M. 2007)


Honey and Mumford’s learning theory is a set of 4 styles that show how different people learn. Each style helps identify how a person prefers to learn and what ways they don’t like. The 4 styles are called Activists; which like to be involved and dominate over tasks and new ideas. Reflectors; that prefer to observe before they contribute to tasks, thinking about all the possibilities. Theorists; prefer to think over things logically and create new ideas that fit into an orderly pattern. They can also be detached and unemotional. The final style is Pragmatist. These like to experiment and get praised from others, whilst relating things to themselves. (Stretch, B, Whitehouse, M. 2007)

There are many things that can have an effect on your learning, some positive and some negative. Some examples of these can be:

Environment – If the environment is noisy, people can find it harder to concentrate, making it difficult to complete Kolb’s Learning Cycle, struggling mostly on the reflective observation stage as they wouldn’t be able to concentrate enough to reflect.

Learning disability such as Down’s Syndrome – When a person has down’s syndrome they find it hard to think abstractly, causing problems for them when on the abstract conceptualization stage, making them unable to conclude what they have learnt and forgetting new information.

Peers - Peers can affect each other’s learning according to Honey and Mumford’s learning styles. An example of this is if a Activist and a Reflector where paired together to do a piece of work, their learning styles would clash together and the reflector would find it hard to communicate their ideas across.

Motivation – Whether or not a person is motivated to do something matters extremely and can determine if they do the concrete experience action or not. Having no motivation to do something makes it difficult to go ahead and do it anyway, making it impossible to complete the learning cycle.

Time – Kolb’s cycle can be time consuming, and not having enough time to complete the cycle can make it difficult for a person to learn from experience.


Stretch, B, Whitehouse, M (2007). BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 2. Oxford: Heinemann

 | Page

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related AS and A Level Healthcare Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of ...

    4 star(s)

    Personal learning and development does not just involve self-help, it includes formal and informal way, teachers, guides, counsellors, managers, life coach or mentors. Personal development is helped with methods, programs, tools, techniques, and assessment systems that support human development depending on the individual.

  2. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    This unit also elucidates how life factors and events may influence the development of the individual, the physical changes and psychological perspectives in relation to ageing. Unit 5 explains the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology and the organisation of the human body.

  1. Key influences on personal learning processes

    Kolb identified two pairs of opposing factors which, combined together, show learning as a cycle with four different stages of learning. Each stage can be entered at any time but for learning to be effective the stages must be followed in a sequence.

  2. Learning Styles

    Time management can be a high factor on the influence of learning. A pupil having a job, child, and full-time or part-time education would have a hard time using their time in a manageable way. Time management can prevent school work from be handed in late, tiredness, illness, negative emotions, poor grades and lack of understanding.

  1. CACHE 3 childcare learning and development unit3

    It recognises that diversity is something to be valued, that children and families have many different and changing needs and that irrespective of needs, the key features of relationships, responsive care and respect apply to every child. High-quality care and education that supports children's learning involves: .

  2. Hypothermia - experiment write up

    The subcutaneous layer is the later of fatty tissue underneath the skin. This is made up of mostly fast and this helps your body to stay warm and absorb shocks, like if you bang into something or fall down. It also helps hold your skin to all the tissues underneath it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work