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Write an 800-1000 word report on three Child Observations that you have carried out, of children in different age bands from birth to sixteen. Discuss areas of interest that you have found, comparing, and contrasting the stages and sequences of two chose

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Introduction

Write an 800-1000 word report on three Child Observations that you have carried out, of children in different age bands from birth to sixteen. Discuss areas of interest that you have found, comparing, and contrasting the stages and sequences of two chosen areas of Child Development. The report was written in order to achieve comparisons in the elements of aggressive behaviour and play in a small sample group of children. Aggressive behaviour is reactionary and impulsive behaviour that often results in breaking household rules (Gale Encyclopaedia, 2006). Research also shows that as age increases, vocabulary increases (Linwood, 2006), ultimately meaning that younger children would use action rather than the use of language. When girls and boys are engaged in social play, they congregate primarily with others of their own sex during the preschool and middle childhood years, and ... different childhood "cultures" prevail in these gender segregated groups (Macoby and Jacklin, 1987). With research in mind this report looked at aggression in 3 children, and whether children interact with same sex or mixed gender children. Context of research. The report used three children from three different age ranges; Child A. 18 Month old boy, Child B. 3 year old boy, Child C. 7 year old girl. A non participant naturalistic approach was established to conduct the observation. Each observation took place in child A, Play group, child B, Nursery and child C, Classroom and lasted for a period of 20 minutes. ...read more.

Middle

She then spoke to the seven girls in turn; each answered in turn she then hugged the boy. Each of these observations are showing signs that, the younger the child, the more physical aggression is shown, where as the older children tend to use verbal aggression and harsher physical aggression is used. Secondly, showing signs that children seem mix more with same sex children as they get older. Reflection on Learning From completing these observations I have learned a number of things and have gained a number of skills. Firstly, I have learned how to plan and carry out an observational piece of research. I have learned that there are many different types of observations; including naturalistic, participant, non-participant observations. The observational method which I used, naturalistic observation, allowed me to observe behaviour of children without interruption; allowing me to follow the complex detail of their play and social behaviour. The structured 'checklist' method of recording observed behaviours was convenient and practical. When planning the list of behaviours to be observed, I learned how to operationalise my variables; that is, I learned how one must clearly define one's variables prior to the observation. Regarding aspects of child development, I have learned that the behaviours of children will vary depending on a number of factors, including the age of the child and the stage of cognitive development they are at. More specifically I have learned that young children, toddler age, tend to use physical rather than verbal aggressive behaviours; compared to older children, who show a preference for threats and insults. ...read more.

Conclusion

Venue: The Cockerel Playgroup. Child 18 month boy. Time recorded: 9.15am - 9.35am Father present, Play leader present, 9 children present and myself. Child 2- Permission was granted by parents to conduct observation. Venue: Hollybush Nursery. Child 3 year old boy. Time recorded: 10.10am - 10.30am Teacher present, 2 Teaching assistant present, 20 children present and myself. Child 3 - Permission was granted by parents to conduct observation. Venue: Hollybush Infants and Primary. Child 7 year old girl. Time recorded: 11.05am - 11.25am Teacher present, 3 teaching assistants present, 34 children present and myself. Task that child 3 is present in; making Halloween masks with12 other children. Appendix 2 Observational Checklist for Play Behaviour (date: ). Behaviour Child 1 Child 2 Child 3 Other gender Mixed gender Same gender Key Child 1 - 18 months Child 2 - 3 years Child 3 - 7 years Child 1- Permission was granted by father to conduct observation. Venue: The Cockerel Playgroup. Child 18 month boy. Allocated Time: 9.15am - 9.35am Father present, Play leader present, 9 children present and myself. Child 2- Permission was granted by parents to conduct observation. Venue: Hollybush Nursery. Child 3 year old boy. Allocated Time: 10.10am - 10.30am Teacher present, 2 Teaching assistant present, 20 children present and myself. Child 3 - Permission was granted by parents to conduct observation. Venue: Hollybush Infants and Primary. Child 7 year old girl. Allocated Time: 11.05am - 11.25am Teacher present, 3 teaching assistants present, 34 children present and myself. Task that child 3 is present in; making Halloween masks with12 other children. ...read more.

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