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“I would rather be assassinated than see a single star removed from the American flag.” - Abraham Lincoln, 16th American President 1860 - 1865.

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Introduction

"I would rather be assassinated than see a single star removed from the American flag." - Abraham Lincoln, 16th American President 1860 - 1865.1 The years 1861 to 1865 contained the bloodiest war in the history of America, the American Civil War. It was fought between the Union (the Northerners, made up of 27 states) and the Confederates (the Southerners, made up of 11 states). There are several reasons for the cause of this horrific war. The differences between the North's and the South's way of life was a major problem. The North was industrial, they had factories, mines and small farms, so they didn't have a need for slaves, and they developed economically faster than the South, which was mainly agricultural, having large farms called plantations. These demanded a cheap source of labour, the slaves. In the South, the people saw Northern opposition to slavery as a threat to their economy and lifestyle. Slavery was a very important part of the Southerner's lifestyle. ...read more.

Middle

Lincoln's intentions were to stop the spread of slavery. He was a moderate, meaning that he wasn't a conservative but he wasn't extraordinarily radical either. Some people believed that his opposition to slavery didn't go far enough, that he wouldn't be able to rid America of slavery if he became President. Most Southerners didn't think this though, they felt threatened by the thought of Abe Lincoln becoming President, because he would banish slavery. On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected President, with only 40% of the vote. A newspaper, the Richmond Whig, stated that it was 'undoubtedly the greatest evil that has ever befallen the country'.2 Five months after Lincoln's election, seven states withdrew from the Union, leaving 27 states with Free Kansas preparing to join. The states that remained in the Union would simply not accept the country being broken up. The war began the year after Lincoln was elected. The war started at 4:30am, April 12, 1861, when Fort Sumpter was fired on. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Southern army was often better led than the Union army, but this didn't matter because it's great numbers and equipment led the Union to victory. The differences between the economies and lifestyles of the North and Southern states caused the separation of the two areas. The Southern states seceded from the Union, calling themselves the Confederates. These events and more produced the inevitable Civil War. Bibliography * Bowen, John, The History and Battlefields of the Civil War, Grange Book, Rochester, UK, 1998. * Cantwell, John, A Brave New World? An American History, Thomas Nelson Australia, Melbourne, Australia, 1994. * Farmer, Alan, The American Civil War 1861-1865, Hodder & Stoughton, London, UK, 1996 * Farmer, Alan, The Origins of the American Civil War 1846-1861, Hodder & Stoughton, London, UK, 1996 * Thatcher, U. S. etal (eds.), The Universal World Reference Encyclopedia : Volume 8, Consolidated Book Publishers, Chicago, U.S., 1961. * The Civil War, Dir. Ken Burns, Florentine Films, 1991. * Ward, Geoffrey C., Burns, Ric, Burns, Ken, The Civil War, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, U.S., 1991. * * * * 1 : The Civil War, directed by Ken Burns (see bibliography). 2 : The Civil War, by Geoffrey C. ...read more.

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