• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1905 marked the culmination of the process that began in 1856. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


The 1905 revolution in Russia was seen by some, namely Alan Woods and Lenin, as a dress rehearsal for the Russian Revolution of 1917; "It was a dress rehearsal, without which the final victory of the proletariat in October 1917 would have been impossible"1. The attempted revolution in 1905 did, however, highlight the changes needed in Russia, economically, politically and socially, for her to be able to function properly as a World power. Whether the revolution in 1905 was directly linked to the events leading from 1856 is questionable, but theorists such as Karl Marx believed it to be just that. The inevitability of the revolution is stemmed from the 'theory of progression' and is used by theorists such as Leo Trotsky and Lenin; Trotsky comparing its inevitability to the inevitability of the rising sun - "The Russian revolution is inevitable and it is as inevitable as the inevitable rising of the sun"2. The Marxist theory of progression states that the revolution of 1905 was the culmination of the process that began in 1856 and was inevitable. The events following the Moscow Speech and the Russian defeat in the Crimean War all supposedly led up to the inevitable revolution in 1905. The humiliation Russia suffered after their defeat by Britain, France and Turkey and the incompetence if the Russian military indicated the need for change and was acknowledged by Alexander II in the Moscow Speech of the same year. ...read more.


Provinces due to the increase in ethnic Latvians and Estonians, the assassination of Bobrikov (a governor-general appointed by Nicholas II in 1898) and mass protest in Finland and the overwhelming opposition to Russification in none other than Russian Poland. It is safe to say that the policy of Russification was a definite faux-pas on the Tsarist government's part and did more damage to Russia than good. This implementation of Russification and other Conservative ideology was greatly responsible for the huge growth of opposition the autocratic government saw in Russia after 1881. The 'Safeguard System', implemented at the same time Russification was, gave the police and the governor-generals almost unrivalled power. With the scare of assassination still apparent, the powers given to the police and governor-generals consisted of having the authority to arrest and detain suspected extremists, fine the local press6 and even shut the press down should they prove to be too outspoken. The control of the state by the Ohkrana served as another way for Alexander III to gain more control over Russia - control that had been compromised during his father's reign. The almost instantaneous growth in control over Russia under Alexander III's rule was hugely contrasting to his father's ruling and gave the proletariat another reason to revolt; yet another link to the revolution of 1905. ...read more.


After a certain point in the process, however - the second war defeat Russia suffered - it would have become apparent that a revolution was on its way. The inevitability of it cannot have been determined until the surging growth in opposition and the huge uprising within the proletariat working classes. To call the revolution in 1905 a 'culmination' of a process is incorrect as the word 'culmination' is defined by Webster's Dictionary as "a final climactic stage"10. It is clear that the revolution in 1905 simply served as a "dress rehearsal"11 for the revolution in 1917. Ultimately, the events leading up to the revolution in 1905 could be seen as being independent of each other until a certain point at which the revolution could be forewarned. That is not to say that the revolution was inevitable, it wasn't, but it cannot be denied that once the autocracy faced enough opposition without enough being done on their part, change was sure to follow - that it was in the form of a people's revolution is irrelevant. To say that it was a 'culmination' of a process is also wrong due to the reasons stated previously. Therefore, while the revolution wasn't inevitable to begin with, there was certainly a point in the 'process' which meant that a revolution was probable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. To What Extent was the 1905 Revolution due to the Consequences of the 1904-1905 ...

    However, for years the people of Russia looked up to him. The Tsar believed he had been appointed by God to lead and guide his people. He believed that he was only answerable to God and no-one else. He had an Imperial Council to advise him and a cabinet of

  2. The storming of the BAstille was the most significant event in 1789

    It was thought that because the 3rd estate deputies, lacked experience and had no prominent leaders, then they would back-up the king if he promised reforms, however the government did not take the initiative to draw up programmes. All the cahiers had demanded a new constitution; however this was not brought up by Necker who talked about making taxation fairer.

  1. Assess the Reign of Amenhotep III

    His self-deification as Amun and later Aten as discussed by Jan Assman, aside from reinforcing control of territory, was a direct political challenge to the power of the Amun priesthood, as evident through his depiction at the Soleb temple with the horns of Amun.

  2. Julius Caesars reform

    - Head Priest of Jupiter (Flamen Dialis) - Flamen Dialis had many restrictions - Becoming priest helped him slowly to gain power - Believed that he only held this position for a very short period of time because he was more interested in his future career (being a politician and a soldier)

  1. To what extent is it true to say the Provisional Government faced an impossible ...

    criticisms of their membership, authority and policies and it pushed their task further towards the impossible as it began to turn more and more people against them. As well as the new problems created around the time of the formation of the Provisional Government which moved their task further towards

  2. Despite frequent changes in policy, Russian and Soviet governments were spectacularly unsuccessful in securing ...

    which aimed to take advantage of newly discovered mineral resources and fit in with industry[29]. Khrushchev pumped a lot of money into agriculture and overall 40% of investment was put into the neglected eastern regions of the USSR[30]. However, the seven year plan had similar flaws to the previous five year plans such as mistakes in resource distribution.

  1. The outbreak of the 1905 revolution was due to the grievances of the peasants ...

    Nicholas had to manage Russia through a time of major social and economic change but many have suggested that this was a role he simply could not handle and he did not want to take on, but unfortunately for him, it was his job to bring Russia into the twentieth century.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    There were many inter family marriages amongst the Ptolemies usually between brother and sister or half-brothers and sisters. These marriages allowed the Ptolemies to keep Greek lineage and to continually build on the high status and power the family held in Hellenistic Egypt.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work