• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was British policy in Ireland a success in the years 1868-1886?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"To what extent was British policy in Ireland a success in the years 1868-1886? The British policy to Ireland was always a changing one with different prime ministers having different ideas, such as Peel in the 1920s first saying he doesn't want to pass catholic emancipation but then passing it. Gladstone in these years was firmly against home rule but was always open to reform. Where he gave split his own party to appease Davit and the home rule party by passing the land acts. Gladstone had started this mission by saying he needed to pacify Ireland, because the social and economic situation in Ireland had become really bad. The first bill that was passed in parliament to pacify Ireland was the Irish Church Bill of 1869, the bill proposed the Tithe not being paid to the Church of Ireland anymore as of the 5.8m population in Ireland 5.3m were roman catholic so paying the Tithe wasn't right for them. The act had a number of effects as it created unity within the Liberal party also it won Gladstone the support of the Roman Catholic leaders, it was welcomed by most Irish Catholics as it had addressed a major injustice. It also raised expectations among the Irish that other major issues such as land would now be looked at by the Liberals. ...read more.

Middle

The home rule party was established by Isaac Butt. In 1878 2 more potato crops failed but this time it was less widespread than last time. Also in 1878 Charles Parnell emerged as the leader of the Home Rule party and became the president of the Land League. In 1879 Davit an Ex-Fenian had established the land league where the idea was to campaign for the 3Fs but more aggressively. In 180, Disraeli lost the election and Gladstone got back into power, the home rule party in this election managed to get 60MPs into parliament Parnell also in this time organized boycotts in a response to the minor bill being defeated in which he would get compensation for evicted tenants. Parnell now followed a policy of philibustering where his Mps in parliament would get up and stand for many hours and basically tell Gladstone he must help in Ireland as it is really bad, this policy would ultimately just delay things rather than getting Gladstone to commit to anything. The Irish Secretary, Forster, insisted on the 1881 Coercion Bill and despite 41 hours of filibustering from the home rule party it passed in February, after the Lord Speaker was forced to guillotine the debate for the first time in Westminster. By 3 February, Davit was arrested and 36 Irish MPs were expelled after an uproar in the Commons. ...read more.

Conclusion

Churchill made it clear he was supporting them by going to Belfast Hall and telling the people there you are the law abiding citizens whatever you want should be granted and not what the criminals are demanding should be granted. Also, Ulster was like the Birmingham or Manchester of Ireland it was developed and wasn't dependant on farming it had moved ahead and gone to the factories and it was prosperous and industrious. With the granting of home rule would not compulsorily need their permission but if the better of Ireland was being looked at then these people would definitely need to be appeased. As Churchill said "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right". Overall, I feel that the policy was a failure more than a success because even though the Irish were given what they wanted in the 3Fs Gladstone still had to force it upon the people by agreeing the Kilmainham Treaty with Parnell, also after anything was done in Ireland a coercion act was needed so it shows that even though they were getting what they wanted at that time not concentrating on home rule they still weren't happy. Also, a problem for Gladstone was that the Irish could look at Canada and say they have a home rule type of state why can't we? Gladstone made a great effort to pacify Ireland but the problem for him was that it wasn't the need of the time as far as Parliament was concerned and this ultimately showed. ?? ?? ?? ?? Usmaan Hamid ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The student answers the question well by considering the two sides of the argument: for example, they say things like ''Overall, I fell that this act was a success'' but then later point out areas where Gladstone's policy wasn't a ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The student answers the question well by considering the two sides of the argument: for example, they say things like ''Overall, I fell that this act was a success'' but then later point out areas where Gladstone's policy wasn't a success. This shows that they are thinking widely and appreciating the fact that there are several opinions on every historical event. The student could make this understanding clearer in the introduction - they could simplify it and say ''In some ways it was a success'' then give one key reason as an example, and then do the same for the other side. This would show they can organise their knowledge, because at present the introduction isn't clearly structured.

Level of analysis

The student uses a good range of evidence, especially statistics: ''about £25 million of assets'' is good as it shows the student understands that this is a substantial and effective amount of money to put into education. It's always better to put a statistic if possible - ''lots of assets'' would have sounded vague. At some points in the essay the student could analyse things more deeply: for example, when analysing the statistic just quoted, they say it led to ''happiness'', and this is bad as it's too general. It would be better to say it led to ''improved quality of life'' because that is an economic phrase, so it is more academic than ''happiness'' which is a general term. The conclusion is good because it reaches a judgement and explains why that is the strongest, which is good as it shows the student can assess what they have written and decide that one interpretation is better than another. It is especially good that the student uses several reasons to support their interpretation, as it shows their argument is strong.

Quality of writing

The student's style of writing is not always appropriate for A Level work. For example, in ''the people of Ulster stood up and said we don't want to...'', the use of ''we'' sounds more like something you would say in conversation rather than in an essay. It would better to say ''the people of Ulster expressed their opposition to...''. The spelling, grammar and punctuation are good but there are some mistakes, such as ''fell'' should be ''feel''. It isn't crucial to get perfect spelling but mistakes make the essay look untidy and can sometimes leave the examiner struggling to understand what you mean. I always made sure I left enough time (about 3 minutes in an exam) to check that my answers made sense.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by lordharvey 20/04/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    4 star(s)

    However, the Act left many gaps still to be plugged; general hospital treatment wasn't covered, people had to contribute to insurance by paying money weekly and the poor (e.g. the elderly) could not contribute, therefore did not benefit. Furthermore, medical benefits were confined to free GP treatment solely for the

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were humanitarian and missionary motives the most important reason for British ...

    3 star(s)

    It was after this occupation that the 'Scramble for Africa' by European powers began, thus creating the issue of extreme rivalry between the Great powers, something which was very important in motivating formal British control in Africa.

  1. The British reforms to change India failed because the British would sometimes use force ...

    This made many people unhappy and the rioting started over again. The Indian Government, scared that the British would loose control of India, decided to extend the Defence of India Act into peacetime after the War had ended. This extension of the Defence of India Act was called the Rowlett Act.

  2. How important were the Women's Suffrage Campaigns in the decision ot grant women the ...

    This was due to the growth of the Civil Service and the building of new department stores throughout Britain. These jobs were permitted because they didn't require the women to have much training, although women were paid less than men.

  1. Was Charles I responsible for his execution?

    Also the Spanish Armada had not been forgotten. This damaged the relationship further and it was never mended, even when his son Charles succeeded him to the throne. It seems that one of the most important short term causes of the civil war was Charles' inability to compromise.

  2. Was Charles I Trying to Establish Royal Absolutism during his Personal Rule?

    English people in different regions there would always be people not willing to conform to the Establishment's religious alignment. Because England was divided religiously more by region rather than household, e.g. Lancashire was particularly Catholic, Charles could not have persuaded the local government to impose religious uniformity in that area under a non-absolutist system.

  1. Henry II (1154 - 1189) is generally seen as the main catalyst in the ...

    he could successfully crush all unruly elements.'12 In that Henry II reorganized the need to reform the legal system and in doing so he created the Common Law in the hope such justice would once again be resumed back into the firm governmental structure it had been under his forefather's management.

  2. How far did Gladstone achieve his stated aim of pacifying Ireland

    in his attempts to pacify Ireland as although the Church of Ireland had been the Established Church, it represented only a tiny minority of the population. The Irish Church Act 1869 proposed the disestablishment and partial disendowment of the Church of Ireland, involving the reduction of Church property to �10 million.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work