• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the opponents of the Bolsheviks unable to defeat them in the civil war?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Why were the opponents of the Bolsheviks unable to defeat them in the civil war"? (40 Marks) There are many factors and key contributions to consider when discussing the failure of the opponents of the Bolsheviks (The Red Army). The main rivals were; - the Greens - who were made up of mainly peasant groups and this army fought to protect the communities in which they lived from requisition or reprisals by either side. They fought mainly for their own independence, the Whites - who were made up of mainly a mixed group. People included in this army were tsarists, nationalists, liberals, and socialist revolutionaries. Finally there was the Red Army (Bolsheviks) - made up of mainly ex - soldiers, volunteers, peasants and workers. ...read more.

Middle

Armies such as the Whites were scattered around the urban fringe (around city edges). This provoked bad communication. Messages had to be sent by horseback and there were also supply problems because of this. The Whites were forced into violent requisitioning. They found receiving supplies difficult, because all the armaments were in city centres which the Red's occupied. This was not easily accessible from the outer - city edge. The Red Army had also set their goals for political success and they knew the direction they had to take to gain success. Other armies did not know what they were always fighting for; they had not a real sense of direction. The White Army in particular, had their problems in that Generals and superior officials were not able to trust each other and decision making was therefore made difficult. ...read more.

Conclusion

This led to the Red Army having excellent communication within such a huge county, in comparison with the other armi9es whose communications had failed miserably. The Reds also signed the treaty of Brest - Litovsk which enabled the Reds to prepare for any on - going decisions that needed to be made. It signalled Russia's exit from WW1 and the civil war was soon established after this. In conclusion, these were the main factors and key important factors that helped the Red army to success and victory and the other armies to failure and defeat. Excellent Communication, Occupation of Large and popular cities, Superb Organisation and leadership skills, Discipline, and military structure. The other armies needed these key areas to secure the civil war. Unfortunately they did not and the Bolsheviks took this advantage and used it against their foes very successfully. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why did the Franco-Prussian war happen and why were the Prussians able to defeat ...

    man the ordinary French soldier was superior to the Prussian due the Chassepot rifle being more effective than the Dreyse needle gun. With the artillery bombardment, it overcame French weapon superiority and enabled the Prussians to turn disadvantage into advantage, hence enabling them to defeat the French in the Franco-Prussian war.

  2. Why Was Hitler Unable To Defeat Russia?

    A further factor in the German defeat was leadership. Both Adolph Hitler and Joseph Stalin played a major role in the war on the western front. Hitler was very confident about being able to defeat the Red Army as he considered the Russians sub-human so they should be no match

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to defeat their opponents by 1922?

    Dissimilarly, the Whites were geographically as well as militarily divided. They had no central command and failed to establish a popular, recognizable government in opposition to the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks, despite being generally resented by the countryside were able to use propaganda to demonise the Whites, associating them with foreign imperialists, capitalist bourgeoisie and the Tzarist regime.

  2. Trotsky - Succession, Revolutionary Success, Civil War Hero, Death, Failure and End

    'recalling of support for pro-coalition Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries in favour of support for Maximalists'16 like the Bolsheviks. In the words of Sukhanov 'the Petrograd Soviet was now Trotsky's guard, ready at a sign from him to storm the coalition'17, and in October 1917 the revolution took place.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work