• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Soviet Union developed its influence in Eastern Europe in the years 1945 1949 because it simply wanted to guarantee its security in the future. How valid is this assessment?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The Soviet Union was aggressively expansionist and showed little enthusiasm for d�tente.' How valid is this statement? The Soviet Union had been known for being aggressively expansionist in the past, but in d�tente the Soviet Union acted more out of security reasons rather than expansionist such as in Afghanistan which was on the USSR's border and could of possibly handed the USA a geostrategic position over them, also during d�tente they showed real enthusiasm for d�tente and more so than the USA, this spawns from the USSR having a much more serious view of the meaning of d�tente. The statement isn't valid because firstly in the Arab-Israeli and Angola conflicts although they did get involved with aiding one side, the acted second, after the USA which shows that they were acting less out of their 'aggressive expansionist' nature and more out of a response to their rival, the USA. ...read more.

Middle

SALT and the basic principles treaties were signed by the USSR even when the USA were trying to play China against the Soviets which shows a degree of commitment. The technology in this is obviously a large factor as the USA had what both the USSR and China wanted. The USSR also showed increased enthusiasm for d�tente in theory. The two superpowers had two very different views on what d�tente was and how it should be or was intended to be operated. The USA saw d�tente as a set of guidelines that should be followed but more importantly they saw it as a chance to exploit the USSR. On the other hand, the Soviets saw d�tente as a more strict set of rules and aims that would have to be achieved if there was ever to be peace, the severity of this outlook on d�tente shows an increased commitment. ...read more.

Conclusion

The USSR can also be criticised in d�tente for its contribution in Angola, with Cuba already involved they didn't really need to become involved as there was already one communist nation supporting the MPLA. It can be seen as the USSR were acting in Angola to counter the USA's and China's involvement rather than for the preservation of communism. To conclude it isn't fair to agree with the statement because throughout d�tente the USSR showed enthusiasm, often that greater than the USA's and were only aggressively expansionist over Afghanistan and that can be argued that it was for security. The main point regarded the USSR's enthusiasm is that they perceived d�tente to be much more important and have a greater meaning on a global scale than the USA and they weren't aggressively expansionist due to them not putting troops on the ground in places outside their sphere of influence (Arab-Israeli and Angola conflicts) and were acting in response to the USA getting involved in these places first. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ryan Wheatley ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

There are many positive features of this response; the author writes analytically throughout and stays firmly focused on the precise question in each paragraph. Judgements are sound and usually supported by evidence, although this could be expanded in places. However, the lack of dates is a weakness and grammatical errors detract from the clarity of the argument. 4 stars .

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 04/04/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Asses the successes and failures of Mao's domestic policies between 1949 and 1976."

    5 star(s)

    In 1950, Mao Zedong set up the "marriage law". This was a great success for him because it meant that from one day to another, the women in china became equal to men, who for centuries before had always been inferior. Women were allowed to vote, own land, and chose who they wanted to marry, the arranged marriages were banned from China.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    made up of peasants, Party members, eating halls, entertainment and other public services. Second, a commune was a unit of work organisation, with the work of the commune divided among work teams of a dozen families, and grouped into work brigades of a dozen work teams.

  1. How far was the USSR responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War?

    Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, the fact that the USSR chose to respond by creating the Cominform in September 1947 which drew together the various European communist parties and made sure that they were fully loyal to Russian-style communism, the Molotiv Plan and the Comecon ( the Soviet equivalents to the Marshall Plan)

  2. Why did the Central Powers lose the First World War?

    This offensive was designed to bring a quick victory, which eventually did not happen. The offensives created by Germany were not as efficient as the ones by The Great Powers, which led to the end of the war. This is a solid reason justifying why the central powers lost the war.

  1. Why did the Communists come to power in China in 1949?

    After the Japanese were fully removed from China, the CCP took advantage of their location and quickly moved into liberation areas. These liberation areas saw the implementation of reforms seen in already significant soviets such as Yanan. This brought more people to see the fantastic leadership the CCP could bring to China.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five-year plan in 1958 and to what ...

    Cooperatives and then communes were set up to gather the 'tremendous energy of the masses'. - The peasants. The peasants were very important in Mao's plan. Mao was going to use the huge amount of peasants to change China. 80-90% of the population were peasants; Mao had plenty of people to carry out tasks.

  1. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    it clear to them that they would have to give back most of the land they seized in 1917 urged them to desert the battlefields in their thousands or to revolt, which in Denikin's case, forced him to send troops back from the front and thus weakening his ability to push forward to Moscow.

  2. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    Therefore, as Lee argues "Britain's role was therefore vital" because it prevented the Republicans from getting any artillery or men although they had the money to pay for them; they had all the gold reserves. In addition, the United States role was also vital because oil companies in the country

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work