• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

According to the Historian of Your Choice, Who Was Responsible For the First World War and Evaluate.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

According to the Historian of Your Choice, Who Was Responsible For the First World War and Evaluate. There are many different opinions and beliefs on who or what was to blame for the First World War. The historian Fritz Fisher had a very strong and controversial answer to whom he believed was responsible for the First World War. Fisher has produced two books in which he details Germany's planning's and aspirations for War. One of Fishers main arguments was that Germany was seeking to expand her empire. As a relatively new country Fisher believed that Germany felt behind with her empire and by invading countries such as France and Poland she would also gain colonies and territory overseas. Fishers' beliefs were very unsettling to the people of his homeland Germany. Most German citizens saw themselves as victims of a harsh treaty and for one of their people to come to the verdict that Germany was to blame for the First World War was looked upon with shock and horror. ...read more.

Middle

More evidence to back up Fisher's belief is that Germany did nothing to prevent the crisis from happening. Wilhelm II even allowed the French and the Russians to form their own alliances while strengthening his own with Austria. These alliances are the sides that form the First World War. This backs up Fisher's theory as it presents Germany as a country using alliances to create tensions that could cause a War. Kaiser William also challenged Britain by increasing his naval programme. Britain was very proud of having the best navy in the world and actively building one to challenge it was seen as very provocative. This also supports Fisher as it shows that Germany was willing to challenge Britain and could have also been preparing her navy for the outbreak of War. Kaiser William was also provoking to the French when he made his Tangier speech where he said that he supported the independence of Morocco and demanded an international conference to discuss Morocco's future. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe that to blame Germany alone would be unfair due to the particularly aggressive behaviour of Austria-Hungary and Russia. Germany was also but under a lot of pressure by French and Russian encirclement and could have been making alliances in her defence. I think that Germany was encouraging War between Austria and Serbia with hope to establish herself as a major European power. I think that it was possible that European powers could have been overly suspicious of Germany, which increased tension. To conclude I do not totally disagree with Fritz Fisher's proposals. I do believe that Germany was more to blame than other countries and that she was planning for War. I think that there were other causes of the First World War like the long-standing rivalry between Austria-Hungary and Russia due to their interests in the Balkans. It could even be said that the Russia and France alliance was provoking to Germany. However, I think that it is fair to say that Germany was welcome to the prospect of War so that she could prove herself and become a dominant European power. Amy Jones 12B ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    Source F also gives us another tactic used by Haig, 'if he could kill more Germans than the Germans could kill his men, then they would win the war', we know this is true because he would sent men over the top where they would be killed.

  2. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    each one of them was able to sit at their desks, drafting telegrams, scheduling trains and dispatching personnel, each individual task undertaken a small step towards the massacre of thousands. Hence forth, while many bureaucrats like Eichmann maintained knowledge of what they were doing, it was careerism that drove officials forward and an eagerness to demonstrate their initiatives.

  1. To What extent was the German Government responsible for the outbreak of the First ...

    He proposed that war would involve Austro-Hungarian troops withdrawing from Serbia and being deployed to Russia, hence making Austria-Hungary less likely to achieve their aim. This implies Austria-Hungary would not have intended the Serbian crisis to implode to war, hence suggesting it cannot be held directly responsible.

  2. China After World War II

    Not only is there the immediate, conjunctural conflict which springs from Stalin's expansionist policies (which collide with the world aims and interests of American imperialism). There is the far more profound historic conflict inherent in the contradictory economic structures of the two countries: state and collectivized property in the Soviet

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    they were facing at all times and to do all they could to help the war effort. Posters, wireless broadcasts and films asked them to save all that they could. One piece of coal less a day, one potato less for a meal, only five inches of water in a

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    and a small elitist group of young professionals called al-Tanzim, headed by physician Fouad Chemali. Lebanese parties, of all persuasions, Christian and Muslim, Left and Right, lagged behind the PLO. Not only did they lack a similar military and security infrastructure, they had limited financial resources.

  1. Interpretations of The First World War.

    Although we don't know whether this person is telling the truth or not we can have a guess. There wasn't much call for overblown stories and hyped up gossip back in the 1910's like there is today so I think this could be quite reliable.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Meanwhile, technology was changing around the world. The U.S.S.R. improved its ability to produce nuclear weapons. In June 1957, the U.S.S.R. successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile. That same year, the U.S.S.R. launched the first artificial earth satellite, Sputnik 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work