• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the emergence of Stalin rather than Trotsky as the successor of Lenin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

David Norton 5th Form History Coursework Russia 1905 - 1941 Account for the emergence of Stalin rather than Trotsky as the successor of Lenin In 1922 and 1923 Lenin suffered many strokes that led to him being paralysed and to his death in January 1924. After Lenin's death there were many possibilities to who would take over from Lenin. Among these were Kamenev and Zinoviev (leading Bolsheviks from the Revolution of 1917) , Bukharin, Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky (two leading men in the Communist Party) The two leading figures were Stalin and Trotsky. Trotsky, originally named Bronstein, was a very talented individual. He was highly intelligent, a very good speaker (as was seen from his negotiations at Brest-Litovsk) and he was also a very good commander and organiser (as was seen during the revolution and the civil war). ...read more.

Middle

Stalin started as head of the Orgburo where he managed the communist Party machine. He soon became head of the Control Commission and here he controlled party membership. This was an important position for Stalin as he could replace people in the Party who didn't support his views with people who did. He could also reject membership from those he did not want in the Party. In 1922 Stalin made his way up to General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Stalin told the Russian people that the Party should try to have Socialism in one country, not try to spread revolution over the world. This gained him many supporters as the Russian people were tired and wanted peace. One trick that Stalin supposedly played on Trotsky was that he told Trotsky Lenin's funeral was on the 26th January, when it was really on the 27th. ...read more.

Conclusion

This reassured Stalin and he soon regained his confidence. From January 1925 Kamenev, Stalin and Zinoviev were a triumvirate against Trotsky (who was now the ex-war Commissar). However, in the Party Congress of 1925 Bukharin and Stalin on the right clashed with Kamenev, Trotsky and Zinoviev on the left. The right believed in Socialism in one country and the left believed in Trotsky's theory of "Permanent Revolution". In 1926 Trotsky was dismissed from the Politburo and in 1927 he was dismissed from the Party. At the Party Congress of 1927 Stalin said there should be "no deviation from the Party line as interpreted by the General Secretary." This let Stalin control everything the Party did as he was the General Secretary. In 1928 Stalin clashed with Bukharin over the NEP (New Economic Policy); Stalin believed the country should be collectivised and nationalised. Bukharin soon resigned from the Politburo. In 1928 Trotsky was sent to Siberia and in 1929 he was sent into exile. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    "Despite his young age, Sverdlov was expected to be Lenin's choice as the party's next leader." 10 This was most almost certainly due to his nature as an influential Bolshevik whom Lenin had laid his trust upon to the extent that Lenin had an eye for Sverdlov in promoting him as the next General Secretary.

  2. Blitzkrieg coursework

    The French and British period of inactivity until they ultimately mobilised their armies on a large scale when the German invaded in May 1939 known as the "phony war" was but one of these mistakes. This led to the Allies not launching the large-scale operation to defend Poland as had been promised prior to the German invasion in 1939.

  1. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the Soviet Union ...

    Trotsky was too high minded and arrogant, dismissive of other colleagues and was seen as the person to most likely to cause splits within the party. Trotsky did not have a powerbase within the party as previously being a Menshevik he had only joined the party in August 1917 and

  2. The enormous role that Trotsky played in the success of the Bolsheviks up until ...

    By eliminating the Tsar and his family, the Bolsheviks had eliminated the man, who whilst alive remained a symbol to some of the monarchy that might return. This event signalled both the end of the Monarchy in Russia and the beginning of a new, Bolshevik run, communist state.

  1. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    Trotsky Against the Triumvirate On the eve of Lenin's death, the Thirteenth Party Conference published, on Stalin's motion, the decision empowering the Central Committee to expel Party members for factionalism. At the moment the leader died a new sanctity enveloped his every word and deed, including this decision, in which Lenin had taken part.

  2. Links between the two regimes of Lenin and Stalin.

    Not only is the reliability of his evidence dubious, dismissing some of Lenin's writings (by placing them under lock and key in the archives) but also is his pick-and-choose manner towards economic argument. The justification of his argument is only based on words to strengthen his viewpoint and to further

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Interpretations of motives for the terror: 1. Due to Stalin?s personality, this made him suspicious, vindictive, and even paranoid. He was obsessed with reinforcing his own position, eliminating rivals and getting revenge on fellow Old Bolsheviks. 2. Terror was an integral part of the communist system.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    If we look at the negative side of Lenin, it shows that he did also used terror and fear policies in order to meet their proposals. ��Every ingredient of what has become known as Stalinism save one - murdering fellow Communists - he (Stalin)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work