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Albucasis: Father of Modern surgery

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Introduction

´╗┐Albucasis: Father of Modern surgery ________________ Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi, known to the western world as Albucasis. Born in 936 CE and raised in Al Zahra, six miles from Cordoba in Andalusia, Moorish Spain. He grew up in a century that witnessed the zenith of Umayyad golden age in Andalusia. A region, during mediaeval times, that was far from darkness: where a generous patronage from the ruling classes stimulated the Arts and Sciences that flourished among its half a million inhabitants. Many of the time?s eminent scholars were drawn to Cordoba. Thus, providing Al-Zahrawi with a profound scientific platform. Yet little is known regarding the life of Al-Zahrawi, due to the Castillian-Andalusian conflicts that destroyed much of Andalusia?s heritage. ...read more.

Middle

Another is his illustrations on various cannulae and being the first to treat a wart with an iron tube and caustic metal as a boring instrument. He also detailed, again being the first to, the classic operation for cancer of the breast. Not only that but also lithotrities for bladder stones and ahead-of-his-time techniques on removing thyroid cysts. He also provided the first known description of the obstetric posture now known as Walcher?s position. His work also covered many other surgical issues such as the cauterisation of wounds, extraction of arrows and methods on setting bones in both simple and compound fractures. Al- Zahrawi endorsed the use of antiseptics in his surgical works, noting the resultant reduction in mortality. ...read more.

Conclusion

His works spread into the fields of chemistry, pharmacology and sociology. As summed up by Pietro Argallata a prominent surgeon (15th Cent.) he was "Without doubt the chief of all surgeons". I cannot hope do justice to all of Al-Zahrawi?s work in just 600 words. Yet modern day medicine seems to have forgotten one of its greatest unsung heroes, Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi, Albucasis. The only remaining testament of his awe-inspiring life and works are to be found in a quiet avenue, Calle Albucasis in Cordoba and if you were to walk down to the front of house no.6, on that very avenue you would find under the shade of a lemon tree, there placed on the white wall a bronzed plaque, that reads; ?This was the house where Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi lived.? Truly, a great legacy. ...read more.

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