• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

America in the 1920's.

Extracts from this document...


History Project : America Isolationism: The USA is large country with a complex governmental structure. After President Woodrow WIlson returned to the USA after is efforts at Versailles (post World War I), he found that most Americans no longer wanted anything to do with the rest of the world. Since gaining independance from Britain in 1783, the American people had tried to avoid foreign entanglements and concentrated on building up the strength of their nation. There were two main reasons for this :- * Over one hundred thousand American had been killed during the war. This left many families without a "bread-winner" and consequently without money. * The war itself had badly disrupted trade with other countries. In 1920, half the people in America had been born outside the USA. They were mostly Eurpoean settlers who had left their homes and come to America to start a new life. For many, Europe was associated with poverty and harsh governments. Also, since the communist uprising in Russia had just been completed and communist ideals were beginning to infiltrate into Western Europe, they wanted to avoid any contact with Europe as many Americans deeply opposed comunism. ...read more.


From 1921 the American people began to become intorlerant of the large numbers of immigrants entering the country. The number of immigrants allowed into the USA was gradually cut until, by 1929, only 150,000 entry visas per year were granted - less than half the amount of 1921. There was also a quota system which made it easier for people from northern and western Europe to enter and discriminated against those wishing to come from southern and eastern Europe. As most immigrants from the prefered places had already been in America for several generations, they became know as WASPs (White, Anglo-Saxon Protestants) and had always held power. They feared losing this power to Jews and Roman Catholics. Racism: The racist attiudes of the WASPs was also directed against people who were already living in the USA and were said to have "slipped through the controls". A group called the Ku Klux Klan gained strength in the 1920s. Most of its members were poor whites afraid of blacks and immigrants workers, who were willing to work for low wages. ...read more.


Mass production and Consumer Boom: The 1920s were a boom time in the American economy. Their huge reserves of natural materials like coal, oil, and gold made them one of the richest countries and business took advantage of this and expanded enourmously. Industrial goods such as metals, chemicals and machine-tools were produced on a large scale. The most noticeable rise in consumables was in radios, telephones, watches, vacuum cleaners and hundreds of other luxury items that most people could now afford. Radio now meant that advertisements could be transmitted dircelty into peoples homes. The best example of a consumer industry would be the car industry. In Detroit, Henry Ford set up a fully automated factory. Each worker did only one small job on the assembly line, and by 1925 Ford produced on car every ten seconds. Because of the mass production of items, prices plumeted and people rushed to buy these new goods and services. With plenty of money about, and plenty of new things to spend it on, many Americand enjoyed the carefree, live-for-the-moment atmosphere of the twenties. Women experienced new freedom and the music of the black bands in speakeasies gave its name to this peroid: the Jazz age. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Did America become more intolerant during the 1920's.

    The clan put its views across using extreme violence, for instance, should a black man get a job over a white man the white man would have a word with the Klan, the Klan would pay the black man a visit and the next day the black man would resign

  2. How widespread was racism and intolerance in America during the 1920s?

    Trade unions were weakened in the 1920s by persecution. In 1921, the Republicans won the election, with Warren Harding as the President. They decided that problems thought to be caused by immigration, such as violence in large cities, had to be combated, so a series of new immigrations laws were introduced.

  1. American History.

    - Anyhow, Pierce's total support for the compromise aggravated much of the North [esp. his enforcement of the FSA, for ex. the case of Anthony Burns] and radicalized the situation big-time even among former conservatives. Juries stopped convicting abolitionists [ex.

  2. Why did a gangster culture develop in the USA in the 1920`s to the ...

    The most important rule in organised crime was the rule called the Omerta. The Omerta is a code of silence. A vow never to reveal any Mafia secrets or member under threat of torture or death. Another rule was the obedience rule.

  1. The league of nations - How successful was The League in the 1920's?

    They had not gone into enough detail as to what would happen if the terms were broken. Disarmament was unrealistic goal to achieve and it would have been better if they had enforced military limitations than total disarmament. The third aim of the League Of Nations was to improve living and working conditions.

  2. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    Britain regularly refused to send their army to fight off another country because they were still trying to defend their own Empire from attack. Because of Britain's refusal, the conflict and war would be a raging one-sided battle before the League managed to round up their own army and get to the war.

  1. The Ku Klux Klan.

    Criteria Did the intolerant use violence? -Yes, the Klan used a lot of violence against the people it was intolerant towards How many people were affected by the intolerance? -Loads of people were affected by the intolerance, e.g. Immigrants, blacks etc How big is the intolerant group?

  2. Why was there such a considerable boom in the USA in the 1920s?

    Of the two major political parties in America, the Republican Party is more conservative, and tends to support the interests of the businessmen and the richer Americans. In 1920 William Hardy was made President - he was the head of the Republican party, and it was the Republican policies in the 1920s that helped American business grow freely.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work