• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

American Anticommunism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

American Anticommunism During the Cold War Subsequent to the conclusion of the treacherous Second World War, America prepared itself for a period of peace. This peacetime was short-lived, as America's tolerance for communism receded this issue became the forefront for American concern. The United States of America, also referred to as the USA or US, regarded communism as a strategic threat due to its hostility to private property and free markets, policies that many Americans associate directly to political freedom. Throughout the intense period in history identified as the Cold War, America's attention was, for the most part, politically and economically occupied by the threat of global left wing expansion and methods aimed towards the prevention of such an occurrence. McCarthyism, the Marshal Plan and the Truman Doctrine are a few of the tactics employed by the USA as a form of resistance against communism. The constant fear of communism was largely intensified following the declaration of Chinas political status, the Korean War and the Rosevelt's case. ...read more.

Middle

Cowie, a well-noted author, considers Truman's speech to be the trigger for the transition of the Cold War from a temporary state to a permanent quarrel as it directly states America's aggressive approach towards communist countries. Congress responded to Truman's appeal by allocating the required funds along with US troops to administer the reconstruction. In an extract from Truman's address America's adoption of the dominant role in the anticommunist conflict is evident. "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want. They spread and grow in the evil soil of poverty and strife. They reach full growth when the hope of the people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." The Marshal Plan was also established upon similar principles. The American Secretary of State George C. Marshal produced the Marshal Plan, or European Recovery Program in 1947, aspiring towards the rehabilitation of European nations devastated by the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hoover Claimed that, "Every American communist was and is, potentially an espionage agent for the Soviet Union" McCarthy's tactics included treating communists as criminals and according to online historian Ellen Schrecker, this enhanced their public image as threatening to America's national security. This witch-hunt and anticommunist hysteria later became known as McCarthyism. Professor Ralph Brown, a Yale School lecturer, conducted a systematic survey of the economic damage bought about by the McCarthy era. He concluded that well over ten thousand people were relieved of their jobs as a result of McCarthy's crusades. This sum however is noted not to be including those who resigned, failed applicants, and men and women who were ostensibly dismissed. Nonetheless, McCarthy proceeded to successfully ignite a nation wide belligerent anticommunist campaign. The Cold War dominated international relations in excess of forty years and was indefinitely predominantly characterized by the tension between capitalism and communism. Cowie maintains that it was this atmosphere of mutual accusation and suspicion that fueled the Cold War for such a hostile period in history. America's anticommunist defense tactics, McCarthyism, the Marshal Plan, and the Truman Doctrine signified their immense fear of left wing philosophies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The role of partisan politics in the spread of McCarthyism

    Truman to wage an intensive drive against Communist espionage and infiltration. In March 1947, Truman issued an Executive Order creating a new loyalty program for the federal government, requesting an investigation of all federal employees by the FBI. 6 In 1948, the Department of Justice convicted eleven leaders of the

  2. American History.

    New York was a very diverse colony and had a relatively high % of slaves as well, so the Duke was careful as he moved to establish his authority. For instance, in 1665 he passed The Duke's Laws [first applied only to English settlements on Long Island and then later

  1. History of the United States

    For the majority of the population, New Deal legislation defined minimum standards of living: the Fair Labor Standards Act set MINIMUM WAGE and maximum hour limitations and included a prohibition on child labor in interstate commerce; the Social Security Act (see SOCIAL SECURITY)

  2. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    More people will have access to wealth which means more power. Capitalism does not command people how to use their power or wealth. In theory, there are advantages to Socialism. It sounds noble to advocate the equality of everyone, and supply national retirement and health care systems to make ordinary people better off.

  1. American Capitalism.

    Not all farmers suffered. Big mechanised farms did well. It was commonly the smaller and poorer farmers who lost out. New immigrants faced discrimination from employers. They took whatever work they could. A large number worked in construction but only where there was a construction boom, but constructor worker's wages only rose 4% in

  2. Joseph R. McCarthy.

    He enrolled in Marquette University in Milwaukee, where he graduated as a lawyer. McCarthy then set up a law practice in Waupaca, a nearby town, and it is reported that he took only four cases in nine months. At that time, he went to work in Shawano for Mike Eberlein.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work