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American expansion and imperialism.

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Taron Khachatryan Period - 5 IMPERIALISM During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the United States pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political and economic influence around the globe, heading toward imperialism. That pivotal era in the history of our nation is the subject of this on-line history. At its creation the United States was a collection of small colonies on the eastern seaboard with little international import. What was to become the United States of America had existed for almost two centuries as part of the British Empire. The emergence of an independent nation through the American Revolution was a rejection of this colonial relationship. ...read more.


After war broke out, American forces quickly defeated those of Mexico, and at the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico ceded its claims on what is now almost the entire Southwest and California, which at the time were almost wholly populated by Americans, to the United States, in exchange for fifteen million dollars. Many aspects of the war and its aftermath were controversial. Northerners denounced the war variously as imperialism and as a pro-slavery stratagem to add more slave territory to the United States. Most claim that it was aggressive in nature, prompted by Manifest Destiny. Among these, some historians claim that it was simply a grab for more territory, whereas others see it as part of a concerted expansionist The Spanish-American War took place in 1898 which greatly increased the United State's international power. ...read more.


A final piece of this newly evolving American foreign policy was a renewed confidence in the essential idea of the Monroe Doctrine, establish that the United States was the gate keeper and protector of the Western Hemisphere. What would eventually become the Roosevelt Corollary was established by 1900 that the Americans had the final say in controlling all the territory from the Atlantic to the Pacific Coast in North and South America. As U.S. imperialistic tendencies grew, the Monroe Doctrine came to be associated not only with the exclusion of European powers from the Americas. American expansion and imperialism driven by settlers and a need for more land was very different from European imperialism that was primarily a search for raw materials and new markets, with colonization and settlement only an occasional side effect. ...read more.

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