• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the causes of the 1848 revolution in France.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse the causes of the 1848 revolution in France. With the ascension of Louis-Phillipe to the throne in July 1830, after the abdication of Charles X he appeared to have many factors in his favour that would seem to warrant a successful monarch and long standing regime. However, after 14 years the monarch, Louis-Phillipe, felt forced into a position where he had to abdicate, why then did the regime collapse so suddenly and unexpectedly? Especially after it had overcome so many early difficulties to establish itself in the minds of the French as an acceptable form of government. I believe the answer lies in a number of factor/causes. Long Term Causes Notably, one of the greatest weaknesses of the monarchy was the fact that Louis-Phillipe could claim no right to the throne of France. The French Tradition concerning the crown was that of heredity right, and had occurred so for centuries, being based, it was claimed, on the will of God. Therefore, although disliked no one could dispute the right of the Bourbons to occupy the throne of France. Louis-Phillipe had no such divine right as there was no belief that the legitimate monarch should be replaced by one of his relatives if he became unpopular. ...read more.

Middle

which disappointed his subjects and in the scenario where he did become active he adopted positions that led to even more humiliation than inactivity would have bestowed. Another aspect of Louis-Phillipe's reign that could of led to his downfall can be rooted in his domestic policy. Again here inactivity was favoured by the king. Once the regime was established and certain basic rules changed to the kings liking the king's view was that everything was working well so there was no use in tampering with it. Almost, that the system was beyond improvement. Unfortunately for the king, this was not a widely shared view. The main bone of discontent was concerning the current voting system. Many hankered for a reform especially as there was emerging a new class, a group of men who considered themselves to be part of the social elite and yet who didn't have the right to vote. Their cause was championed by the Legislative assembly (with Thiers an ardent supporter) a situation which made life more difficult for the king and his government. Another reason for the eventual collapse of the July monarchy can be traced back to the actual person of the king. ...read more.

Conclusion

on a par also with the backdrop of economic depression and social consciousness that was concurrent at the time however the questions still remains whether these on their own would have been enough to make a successful revolution and if whether the king had acted correctly and strongly, he would not have fallen It seems it was the kings inactivity that pervaded every part of his professional and personal life (foreign and domestic policy, personality and lifestyle and ultimately in the last days leading up to his abdication) that eventually led to his downfall. (Felt that this wasn't a satisfactory conclusion, found it hard to articulate here, how could I improve it, there seemed to be so many possibilities) Use ready made alternative forms of govment in conclusion to show why fist point was important. Domestic policy - if their had been an electorate reform the regime would have won the cative support of the 'new group' Personality- he was lifestyle- they Hort term- Louis-Phillipes lack of stubbornessdismayed his supporters who say this as an indication that the end was near and nobody wants to support a lost acuse . Louis-Phillipe was still in the position to use the army and stand strong but the lack of support shown by the National Guard seemed to have b Louis-Phillipe ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. What were the causes of the French Revolution? The French Revolution began due to ...

    They had to pay taxes. This was very unfair and as a result of the heavy burden of taxes, some peasants had a very poor standard of life. For example, the majority of workers in the towns lived in crowded and unsanitary tenements. I believe this inequality and injustice is an important factor, which caused the French Revolution.

  2. Why was there a revolution in France in 1789

    There were also 36 Generalities, which were run by 36 people called intendants. As well as this were there 13 'parlements'. The parlements had the most significant role out of the 'groups', and were in charge of 'resorts'.

  1. Why Did Revolution Erupt in 1789? There were many causes of the French Revolution

    which meant he obviously didn't look like much of a leader- and wouldn't really inspire much in his people. One of the other things that made Louis look bad was his wife- Marie Antoinette. She was supposed to make the royal family look good, to promote them- but she really didn't.

  2. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    Neillands, Robin. The Hundred Years War. New York: Routledge, 1990. A study of the Hundred Years War with mentions of leading characters in regards to the war. This book was used for background information of battles during Joan's military

  1. How do the poets in 'Charlotte O'Neils song' and 'Nothing Changed' show their feelings ...

    Young girls could leave service in England to go to Australia. In Australia the girls found that they were in demand both as servants and as wives. Many of them found it very easy to marry and improve their lot.

  2. Industrial Revolution

    Only in terms of economics can this historical period really be seen as fundamentally altering the composition and character of the country, with industrialisation creating the world's first truly capitalist society.

  1. "Above all, the government feared a re-enactment of the French revolution on British soil" ...

    William Cobbett was basically an informer of the poor. He and Henry Hunt where well established public speakers and connected very well with the working classes but they had no plans to lead a revolution. They simply informed the working classes on their rights and how they were not being met.

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    * 60 per cent of working-class-men were excluded from the franchise. Faced with middle class women wanting the vote on equal terms as men, many Labour MPs thought they would be perpetuating the class system they had vowed to destroy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work