• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analysis of Four Sources on the Causes of the Second World War.

Extracts from this document...


The Policy of Appeasement DBQ Study the following FOUR passages - A, B. C and D - and answer both of the sub-questions which follow. SOURCE A: From a memorandum written by Neville Chamberlain in November 1937. Chamberlain accepts the need to make concessions to Germany in order to preserve the peace of Europe. The German visit was from my point of view a great-success, because it achieved its object, that of creating an atmosphere in which it is possible to discuss with Germany the practical questions involved in a European settlement. Both Hitler and Goering said separately, and emphatically, that they had no desire or intention of making war, and I think that we may take this as correct, at least for the present. Of course, they want to dominate Eastern Europe; they want as close a union with Austria as they can get without incorporating her in the Reich, and they want much the same ...read more.


It involved no preconceived plan of action, but rested upon a number of political and moral assumptions about ah e Yin u e of compromise and peaceableness. It involved using the instruments of British power trading and financial strength, and a wealth of diplomatic experience?to their fullest advantage. But it also implied that there were limits to British policy beyond which other powers should not be permitted to go. SOURCE C: From A.J.F Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War, published in 1961. Taylor argues that the policy of appeasement served positively to encourage Hitter in his expansionist plans. It did not occur to Chamberlain that Great Britain and France were unable to oppose German demands; rather he assumed that Germany, and Hitler in particular, would be grateful for concessions willingly made concessions which, if Hitler failed to respond with equal good will, could also be withdrawn. ...read more.


This timidity had three main causes. Firstly, then was the cotton of the military chiefs. Early in 1936 before the Rhineland coup, Marshal Gamelin considered that France could not fight Germany with any certainty of victory. Secondly French public opinion was deeply divided on social and economic issues and the lack of national unity prevented a forceful reposte to German initiatives. Thirdly, from September 1935 onwards, military and political leaders were convinced that France could not contemplate war with Germany unless assured of active British help. British assistance was judged essential for the protection of French shipping and supplies in the Mediterranean. (A) Compare Passages B and D on the motives that lay behind policies of appeasement in Britain and France. 15 pts (B) Using these four passages and your own knowledge, evaluate the claim that the policy of appeasement deserves a large proportion of the blame for the outbreak of the Second World War. 30 pts Peñuelas’ IB History ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why did Germany lose the second world war?

    To make things worse, the Russians were extremely clever. As they retreated, they burned down everything in sight, so that the Germans had no supplies, bases or communication. The Russians were courageous. They defended every last building on every street to the last the man.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Were they an inferior race too? -Do you know who started the concentration camps in the first place? - The British."' As to those atrocity films, G�ring shrugged them off by saying, "Anybody can make an atrocity film if they take corpses out of their graves and then show a tractor shoving them back in again."'

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    These were rural district and provisional assemblies whose functions included the administration of primary education, public health, poor relief, local industry and the maintenance of the highways. Alexander saw these zemstvos as props for the autocracy. Both the system of voting and their established local reputations made it easy for

  2. Vietnam war

    essentially uncontested control of Cambodia. The Vietnamese communists agreed to pull their forces out of Cambodia without obtaining in return any power-sharing role, or real protection from government repression, for their Cambodian comrades. Sihanouk adopted a neutralist stance toward his neighbours, accepting aid from America and China, exchanging diplomatic missions

  1. The origins of the first world war

    to the Internet modern history sourcebook, 'Nationalism was the most successful political force of the 19th century'iii. Nationalism that swept through the ranks during the Franco-Prussian could be portrayed from the songs that were sung by soldiers, 'They stand, a hundred thousand strong, Quick to avenge their country's wrong; With

  2. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    Stalin would go to in order for Stalin to destroy all opposition 'He is a monster who will kill us all' sums up how worried they are about Stalin's actions and how far he would go to secure his place as party leader.

  1. Unification of Germany and the period up to the second world war

    could veto the bishops, papal jurisdiction was ended, and state schools and church schools had new inspections and also had to have state marriages * Socialists Marxist works, feel out with national liberals, he improves social legislation too, he did law to protect people who had been incapacitated from work,

  2. The Somme Offensive Failure - analysis of the sources.

    many men may have kept their lives safe from disease, submergence, and lead-footed movement. If the mud was not appalling enough, the bombardment of the German frontline trenches proved to be one of the first major flaws to the plans Haig created.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work