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Analysis of Four Sources on the Causes of the Second World War.

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Introduction

The Policy of Appeasement DBQ Study the following FOUR passages - A, B. C and D - and answer both of the sub-questions which follow. SOURCE A: From a memorandum written by Neville Chamberlain in November 1937. Chamberlain accepts the need to make concessions to Germany in order to preserve the peace of Europe. The German visit was from my point of view a great-success, because it achieved its object, that of creating an atmosphere in which it is possible to discuss with Germany the practical questions involved in a European settlement. Both Hitler and Goering said separately, and emphatically, that they had no desire or intention of making war, and I think that we may take this as correct, at least for the present. Of course, they want to dominate Eastern Europe; they want as close a union with Austria as they can get without incorporating her in the Reich, and they want much the same ...read more.

Middle

It involved no preconceived plan of action, but rested upon a number of political and moral assumptions about ah e Yin u e of compromise and peaceableness. It involved using the instruments of British power trading and financial strength, and a wealth of diplomatic experience?to their fullest advantage. But it also implied that there were limits to British policy beyond which other powers should not be permitted to go. SOURCE C: From A.J.F Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War, published in 1961. Taylor argues that the policy of appeasement served positively to encourage Hitter in his expansionist plans. It did not occur to Chamberlain that Great Britain and France were unable to oppose German demands; rather he assumed that Germany, and Hitler in particular, would be grateful for concessions willingly made concessions which, if Hitler failed to respond with equal good will, could also be withdrawn. ...read more.

Conclusion

This timidity had three main causes. Firstly, then was the cotton of the military chiefs. Early in 1936 before the Rhineland coup, Marshal Gamelin considered that France could not fight Germany with any certainty of victory. Secondly French public opinion was deeply divided on social and economic issues and the lack of national unity prevented a forceful reposte to German initiatives. Thirdly, from September 1935 onwards, military and political leaders were convinced that France could not contemplate war with Germany unless assured of active British help. British assistance was judged essential for the protection of French shipping and supplies in the Mediterranean. (A) Compare Passages B and D on the motives that lay behind policies of appeasement in Britain and France. 15 pts (B) Using these four passages and your own knowledge, evaluate the claim that the policy of appeasement deserves a large proportion of the blame for the outbreak of the Second World War. 30 pts Peñuelas’ IB History ...read more.

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