• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia In 1917, a revolution began in Russia in an attempt to overthrow the Tsar. Once the Tsar abdicated, a Provisional Government was set up to try and maintain law and order within Russia. The provisional government was incredibly unpopular, and therefore many of the leading political parties began to plan ways to come to power of Russia. Lenin was the leader of a communist party called the Bolsheviks. As he was living in Switzerland, he needed to travel through Germany to get back to Russia. He was granted permission to go through Germany, but only on a sealed train that would not stop until it reached Petrograd. Lenin promised that he would provide the Russian people with peace, land and bread. ...read more.

Middle

The Bolsheviks had taken control of Russia. As Lenin was desperate to get Russia out of the war, he signed a treaty with Germany. This was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. This provided peace in Russia, but meant that 33%of Russian agricultural land, 80% of Russian coalmines, 50% of Russia's industry, and 25% of its railways were all given to Germany. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was not popular amongst all Russians, infact this was the cause of a civil war in Russia. The Bolsheviks and their supporters were known as the 'Reds,' and the supporters of the Tsar were known as the 'Whites.' This civil war, or had a terrible effect on the towns people. People were starving and dieing. ...read more.

Conclusion

The 'Red Terror' was began in 1918, which was when suspected conspirators against the revolution were arrested, tortured, and killed. The Cheka was put at full stretch in August 1918 when there was an attempt on Lenin's life. They started a terror campaign and started to kill many suspected enemies to Lenin. The Cheka were responsible for 200,000 deaths of Russian civilians. Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy, as the idea of War Communism couldn't carry on. The NEP was to make made to improve the Russian economy by allowing people to start up small, profit earning shops and factories. Workers were also paid for working overtime and peasants were allowed to sell food. The state would control most important industries though. This resulted in a raise in the production of food and a decrease in cannibalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    He did this by a combination of terror - see below - and delivering what party members wanted. * Much the same can be said about Stalin's control over the country: control over dissenters was mostly by force, but propaganda and the cult of the individual played a key part in sustaining Stalin's popularity in the country.

  2. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Kulaks were arrested and sent by the thousand to labour camps or were forced onto poor quality land. Some peasants refused to hand over their animals, preferring to slaughter them and eat or sell the meat. They burnt crops, tools and houses rather than hand them over to the state.

  1. Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian people.

    This treaty was opposed by other Russian officials, but Lenin still insisted in this agreement so that he could concentrate on his "internal enemies". Lenin was also confident that the revolution would break out in Germany and other countries so the treaty would be broken soon anyway.

  2. Lenin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Revolution would break out in Germany as it had in Russia, but it did not happen. By the end of February 1918, there was no Revolution and the Germans had began to advance again so in March 1918. Lenin was forced to accept the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    of social conflict, Germans were once more confronted with the dark shadow of Adolf Hitler. The younger generation of Germans, too young to have participated in the crimes of the Third Reich, demanded better answers from their parents about the Third Reich and their involvement in it.

  2. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    To stop the peasants, Alexander Kerensky decided that any peasants who took land would be severely punished, usually by violence. So he sent out 'Punishment Brigades'. This made the peasants dislike the provisional government even more. This then led to there being massive food shortages and shortages of fuels.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work