• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia In 1917, a revolution began in Russia in an attempt to overthrow the Tsar. Once the Tsar abdicated, a Provisional Government was set up to try and maintain law and order within Russia. The provisional government was incredibly unpopular, and therefore many of the leading political parties began to plan ways to come to power of Russia. Lenin was the leader of a communist party called the Bolsheviks. As he was living in Switzerland, he needed to travel through Germany to get back to Russia. He was granted permission to go through Germany, but only on a sealed train that would not stop until it reached Petrograd. Lenin promised that he would provide the Russian people with peace, land and bread. ...read more.

Middle

The Bolsheviks had taken control of Russia. As Lenin was desperate to get Russia out of the war, he signed a treaty with Germany. This was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. This provided peace in Russia, but meant that 33%of Russian agricultural land, 80% of Russian coalmines, 50% of Russia's industry, and 25% of its railways were all given to Germany. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was not popular amongst all Russians, infact this was the cause of a civil war in Russia. The Bolsheviks and their supporters were known as the 'Reds,' and the supporters of the Tsar were known as the 'Whites.' This civil war, or had a terrible effect on the towns people. People were starving and dieing. ...read more.

Conclusion

The 'Red Terror' was began in 1918, which was when suspected conspirators against the revolution were arrested, tortured, and killed. The Cheka was put at full stretch in August 1918 when there was an attempt on Lenin's life. They started a terror campaign and started to kill many suspected enemies to Lenin. The Cheka were responsible for 200,000 deaths of Russian civilians. Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy, as the idea of War Communism couldn't carry on. The NEP was to make made to improve the Russian economy by allowing people to start up small, profit earning shops and factories. Workers were also paid for working overtime and peasants were allowed to sell food. The state would control most important industries though. This resulted in a raise in the production of food and a decrease in cannibalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * People did hold counter opinions, even if they largely kept them to themselves, or grumbled in a crowd where it was hard to be picked out. How did Stalin establish control over the Soviet Union? * First of all, Stalin had to establish control over the Party.

  2. Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian people.

    but even the name of the Cheka drove fear into the hearts of the Russian people. This police force tortured prisoners to gain information and then executed them. Their leader, Felix Dzerhinshy felt this was needed to keep respect and ensure there was little or no opposition.

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    Many Bolshevik leaders were arrested. The Bolsheviks had missed their opportunity to take control of the city and it was Kerensky who came out as Prime Minister. Though, luckily for the Bolsheviks they were given a second chance in the autumn of 1917.

  2. Lenin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Another long-term effect was that people wanted political freedom instead of one party but this was not available especially with the Cheka. Finally, land that was lost through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was to try to be regained from Germany.

  1. Assess the Impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People

    But Lenin suggested that there should be a small group who planned the revolutions and basically sat in the driving seat and steered the car on the right path. So the communists had a vote and the people who wanted a big version of the Duma became known as the Mensheviks and the other group were called the Bolsheviks.

  2. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Stalin believed that these people were deliberately having accidents to slow down the effectiveness of the 5 Year Plans. On some occasions this was the case but on others accidents really were just accidents. Finally, the Purges profoundly affected individual thought and the way people acted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work