• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact of Nazi ideology on the Social Classes.

Extracts from this document...


Lizzi Middleton. Assess the impact of Nazi ideology on the Social Classes [36] When Hitler came to power in 1933, his aim was to create a genuine German Volk. In order to command such a social revolution it was important for him to win and maintain the support of the people he was to be ruling. Hitler's revolutionary ideas were relentlessly put forward and enforced over the twelve years of the Nazi regime and were therefore bound to leave some imprint on society, especially when so many Germans readily accepted them in the hope of benefiting from his policies. Hitler did not succeed in creating the full 'social revolution' that he had intended to as his ideals were often contradictory and unachievable, however, the dictatorship did implement policies which had a significant effect on the German society. Hitler attempted to unite all German people in a racially pure and classless community- Volksgemeinschaft and Hitler promised that within this community there would be no political, religious, economic of social divisions and that the status of each German would be determined by their racial purity and commitment to the state with regards to his ideology. It is important to note that the Nazi party were not the agents of any one particular class and that they aimed to create a society where the class distinctions were dramatically reduced from their importance under the Weimar Republic. ...read more.


The middle class faced problems following July 1933, when Rudolf Hess defended supermarkets from attacks and restrained the Nazi Combat League of Tradesmen, with small traders continuing to be out priced by department stores, being squeezed between the Reich food estate which controlled agricultural prices, and price freezes in the shops. By 1943 a quarter of a million small shops had gone out of business as the policy of rearmament after 1936 and the switch to a total war economy after 1941 both favoured the larger businesses. What is surprising about figures like this is that, the mittelstand was the class that was the most active in Hitler's consolidation of power and his eventual appointment in 1933 and yet they benefited very little from the Nazi regime and ideology with it having a negative, rather than a positive or even neutral effect on them after the first few years. With the intention of creating and protecting a racially pure, health and economically secure rural community, the Nazis put forward a policy of 'Blood and Soil' and in doing so glorified the role of the peasant farmer as a decent, honest and uncorrupted German. The Nazis believed that this picture was essential; is they were to provide cheap food for cities and so they undertook a series of measures to protect the rural economy. Farmers of small and middle-sized farms were safeguarded by the regime by the Reich Entailed Farm Law of 29th September 1933, which identified farms ...read more.


Many women were easily attracted by the Nazi rhetoric that glorified their status as wives and mothers and Nazi organisations were enthusiastically supported, marriage increased by 130 000 marriages per year, births by over half a million per year between 1933 and 1939. However, the direct impact of Nazi ideology and policies was limited, it is possible that the rising birth rates and the increase in marriages were related more to an increasing prosperity rather than the social policy and with the achievement of full-employment in 1936, women were returning to the workplace, increasing from 11.6 million to 14.6 million between 1933 and 1939. The Nazi policies did not succeed in creating a full social revolution, however, Hitler's revolutionary ideas were persistently enforced over the twelve years of the Nazi regime did succeed in integrating the majority of Germans into one national community, a Volksgemeinschaft and nazi policies did result in some mobility within social groups but did not fundamentally alter the existing class structure of society. It seems that the lower down in society that you were on Hitler's eventual consolidation of power in 1933, the more you benefited from the Nazi ideology. The Nazis promised more than they created for each of the social classes: wages were never considerably increased for the working class, the middle class did not benefit from lower taxes and the social elite were in constant conflict about their value in society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    The Nazis used the most up-to-date technology to get their message across: radios 4 Youth The Nazis replaced anti-Nazi teachers and University professors, and school lessons included hidden indoctrination - requiring children to calculate how much mentally disabled people cost the state, or to criticize the racial features of Jewish people.

  2. To what extent did Hitler create social revolution and unity (Volksgemeinschaft) in Nazi Germany ...

    As a way of trying to eliminate all counter cultures, the HJ was made compulsory for all German boys aged 14 to 18 in 1936. Girls were taught housewifery lessons to prepare them for their role in society. Despite seemingly brainwashing the entire child population of Germany, there was at least some resistance.

  1. To what extent do you consider that Hitler and the Nazis had achieved their ...

    to discriminate them; which helped him in his Volksgemeinschaft as he only wanted a pure Germen society. Among practical activities the youth groups would teach the children through lectures and song; Splitting the girls and boys - keeping the ideological Nazi role's compulsory.

  2. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    Hitler did succeed in making Germany ready for war by 1939 when he invaded Poland. It is because, firstly, Hitler was only given three years to do so. He had to and did spend time to deal with the economic problems at the beginning of his regime.

  1. Describe the Nazi's stance on Homosexuality

    'C:PRNTWNPR�C#FRAMFRAM�G�TITLTITLwHDOP DOP �H.The NAZI Party and Homosexuals The Nazi campaign against homosexuality targeted the more than one million German men who, the state asserted, carried a "degeneracy" that threatened the "disciplined masculinity" of Germany. Denounced as "antisocial parasites" and as "enemies of the state," more than 100,000 men were arrested under a broadly interpreted law against homosexuality.

  2. Assess the relative importance of the reasons why the July 1944 Bomb Plot to ...

    Plans had been laid by the conspirators to deploy troops of the Gross Deutschland battalion and other crack army divisions under the command of officers know to be sympathetic to the plotters' cause. They would have acquired control of government buildings, SS and Gestapo offices and the radio station in

  1. How successfully did the Nazis impose their ideology on German women?

    Its purpose is the maintenance and furtherance of the common good through harmonious co-operation, the procreation of genetically healthy children of the same race, and the education of them to become hard-working national comrades. The function of Sex Sexual activity serves the purpose of procreation, for the maintenance of the

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    were many more being recruited ï large numbers of technical specialists and people from an intellectual background. 5. 1941: Only 14.9% of members were female. 6. 1939: In the Politburo, there were only three men ï Khrushchev, Zhdanov and Beria who had all been promoted by Stalin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work