• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - Depth Study B: Russia, 1905-1944 Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People When the Russian Revolution began in 1917, Lenin returned from his exile abroad to put into action his plans for the Bolsheviks. He managed to win the Civil War and seize power despite initially holding only a small area of the country due to a combination of the Red's own organization and the failings of the Whites. Allied intervention allowed the Bolsheviks to portray the Whites as puppets of Western imperialism, and the support of the ordinary Russian workers and women - who had been granted full legal and electoral equality under the Bolsheviks - eventually led the Reds to victory. Propaganda encouraged Russians to see what they were working towards, to envision a grand future under Lenin, and helped Bolshevik support grow. By the 1920s, Lenin had already made his impact on Russian civilians. All ranks and titles had been abolished, marriage, divorce and abortion were much easier and it was not permitted to teach children religion - which Lenin saw as a trick to make people accept terrible conditions. ...read more.

Middle

War Communism succeeded in meeting the immediate needs of Russia and helped the Whites win the Civil War. However, the policy caused terror and famine within Russia as the Cheka becoming increasingly brutal and grain requisitioning increasingly harsh. By 1921, Russia's economy was still in ruins and some provinces were in a state of revolt. Agriculture had also collapsed, with the war and grain requisitioning leading to low harvests. The peasants weren't making profits and saw little point in growing food, and when faced with the drought in 1921, the food shortages led to a famine that killed 5 million people. Achieving peace under the Treaty of Brest Litovsk during the First World War had cost Russia 26% of her population and 27% of her farmland - which only increased the problems of famine still further. Total industrial production continued to fall until 1920, when Russian industry produced about 14% of what it had in 1913. In February 1921, a wave of strikes in Petrograd registered worker protest against Communist ruthlessness, and in March sailors of Russia's Baltic fleet, based in Kronstadt, staged an uprising against Bolshevik rule. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin would not permit protests against private enterprise and the class of merchants driven by profit called 'nepmen'. He expected obedience from party members, despite the failures of the NEP. Levels of unemployment remained and problem and prices for manufactured goods were so high that peasants were often unwilling to sell grain due to the little that could be bought with the profits. Lenin was enthusiastic about electricity and believed Russia would benefit from electrification. Perhaps one of his greatest achievements was his building of electric powerstations to provide electricity to businesses and homes in Russia, setting his country well on the road to modernization. Lenin died in January 1924. During his lifetime, he had had a massive impact on Russia and the Russian people. By his death, the average working day had fallen from eleven to eight hours, pensions and benefits had been established and the scouring of religion begun. However, Lenin's Communist ideals initially created a terrible food crisis that neither War Communism nor the 'retreat' of the NEP fully managed to subside. Lenin managed to establish Communism within Russia, although somewhat shakily, by the time of his death, but in doing so created massive unrest and famine among Russian people even while helping them to improve their lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    Divorce was made much more difficult - and expensive - and abortion illegal. * Cr�ches were introduced at most work places to make it easier for women to work. * Financial inducements were made to encourage larger families. Indeed the birth rate did increase in the later 1930s.

  2. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    a state of panic, as they knew there would be violence and bloodshed once the Cossacks arrived. Kerensky was also panicking and in reply to Kornilov's actions, he asked the Bolsheviks for help. There were a group of workers, who had been secretly training called the Red Guard.

  1. Lenin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    the end of the war, improving Russia's living conditions and stopped inflation from occurring at that time. The peace, however, was described as a 'robbers' peace'. Lenin had told Trotsky to spin out the peace negotiations for as long as possible as he had hoped that very soon a Socialist

  2. Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian people.

    There were several long term and short-term impact as a result of the revolution. The Tsar was killed so that there was no opposition for the new government that was set up and a long-term impact was that this new communist dictatorship would last for the next 80 years.

  1. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Secondly, the rest came from the Purges. Many innocent victims were sent to labour camps often for no reason at all or having faced accusations of sabotage. Additionally, if you did not fill your quota at work, you could be shot or sent to a labour camp.

  2. During his lifetime, Lenin made many important decisions and policies which affected every citizen ...

    In 1918 Lenin sent Trotsky to meet the Germans to negotiate a peace treaty, as Lenin had promised an end to the war with Germany and it was important that he carry out his promises otherwise him support would disappear.

  1. The Impact of Lenin on Russia and the Russian people

    Lenin's programme was summed up in the words 'Peace, Bread and Land'. Lenin promised the people these things to get them on his side and to appeal to soldiers, workers and peasants. Lenin guaranteed them these things to introduce his party and to encourage them to side with him rather than the provisional government.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Moved the USSR further along the road to Socialism ï class differences in the countryside were abolished. Social impact: 1. Millions of peasants died or had their lives disrupted. 2. Although internal passports (1932) restricted movement, millions left the countryside for towns, leaving a serious population imbalance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work