• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - Depth Study B: Russia, 1905-1944 Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People When the Russian Revolution began in 1917, Lenin returned from his exile abroad to put into action his plans for the Bolsheviks. He managed to win the Civil War and seize power despite initially holding only a small area of the country due to a combination of the Red's own organization and the failings of the Whites. Allied intervention allowed the Bolsheviks to portray the Whites as puppets of Western imperialism, and the support of the ordinary Russian workers and women - who had been granted full legal and electoral equality under the Bolsheviks - eventually led the Reds to victory. Propaganda encouraged Russians to see what they were working towards, to envision a grand future under Lenin, and helped Bolshevik support grow. By the 1920s, Lenin had already made his impact on Russian civilians. All ranks and titles had been abolished, marriage, divorce and abortion were much easier and it was not permitted to teach children religion - which Lenin saw as a trick to make people accept terrible conditions. ...read more.

Middle

War Communism succeeded in meeting the immediate needs of Russia and helped the Whites win the Civil War. However, the policy caused terror and famine within Russia as the Cheka becoming increasingly brutal and grain requisitioning increasingly harsh. By 1921, Russia's economy was still in ruins and some provinces were in a state of revolt. Agriculture had also collapsed, with the war and grain requisitioning leading to low harvests. The peasants weren't making profits and saw little point in growing food, and when faced with the drought in 1921, the food shortages led to a famine that killed 5 million people. Achieving peace under the Treaty of Brest Litovsk during the First World War had cost Russia 26% of her population and 27% of her farmland - which only increased the problems of famine still further. Total industrial production continued to fall until 1920, when Russian industry produced about 14% of what it had in 1913. In February 1921, a wave of strikes in Petrograd registered worker protest against Communist ruthlessness, and in March sailors of Russia's Baltic fleet, based in Kronstadt, staged an uprising against Bolshevik rule. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin would not permit protests against private enterprise and the class of merchants driven by profit called 'nepmen'. He expected obedience from party members, despite the failures of the NEP. Levels of unemployment remained and problem and prices for manufactured goods were so high that peasants were often unwilling to sell grain due to the little that could be bought with the profits. Lenin was enthusiastic about electricity and believed Russia would benefit from electrification. Perhaps one of his greatest achievements was his building of electric powerstations to provide electricity to businesses and homes in Russia, setting his country well on the road to modernization. Lenin died in January 1924. During his lifetime, he had had a massive impact on Russia and the Russian people. By his death, the average working day had fallen from eleven to eight hours, pensions and benefits had been established and the scouring of religion begun. However, Lenin's Communist ideals initially created a terrible food crisis that neither War Communism nor the 'retreat' of the NEP fully managed to subside. Lenin managed to establish Communism within Russia, although somewhat shakily, by the time of his death, but in doing so created massive unrest and famine among Russian people even while helping them to improve their lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    After 1931 most people were paid by piecework, yet average income was probably about 50% of that in 1928. * There were severe shortages, so queuing was a way of life. Fresh foods were often not available. * Most people ate meals in the communal canteens at their place of work rather than cook at home.

  2. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    This was done through propaganda such as posters, speeches and even places e.g. Stalingrad. Lenin's cult was encouraged because is emphasised how close Stalin was to Lenin. In 1926, Stalin created a new constitution in which people were given the freedom of speech and votes.

  1. During his lifetime, Lenin made many important decisions and policies which affected every citizen ...

    Strict discipline and punishment measures were introduced in factories. Unemployed to join 'Labour armies' 3. Private trading was banned, peasants sold their surplus food to government, couldn't sell to make a profit. 4. Use of money was abolished, people were to barter instead. 5. Food was strictly rationed. In March 1921 after a military revolt in the navy, Lenin

  2. Blitzkreig coursework

    geography of Norway did not suit the German style of warfare with undulating landscape and Scandinavian weather. The geographical position of Norway made a direct ground attack by the Germans impossible, the meant that other elements of Blitzkrieg like the concentration of firepower or the pincer movement impossible to implement.

  1. Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian people.

    So it can be clearly seen that the government were very concerned about the "rise in general discontent". But the more important thing that this source shows is that the troops were beginning to mutiny, the people had had enough of the poverty, and that the government was under threat of a revolution.

  2. Lenin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    One of the key reforms that repressed the people was the closing down of the Assembly. Lenin had promised free elections to the new Constituent Assembly but within less than 24 hours, after discovering that the Bolshevik Party did not have the majority, he decided to close it down.

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    What Lenin was saying was that there should be a second revolution in which the workers took power. Lenin's ideas later turned into slogans such as "All power to the soviets". The support for the Bolsheviks was growing as they were becoming more popular with the people.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The impact of the terror to 1941 The impact on the party, the armed services and the Soviet population: The scope of the terror: Although the Show Trials of 1936-8 received considerable publicity, the number of victims involved in them was relatively small compared to the millions of other Soviets who suffered much less publicly in these years.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work