• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the importance of humanitarian and missionary activity in creating a larger African Empire for Great Britain during the period from 1868 to 1902?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the importance of humanitarian and missionary activity in creating a larger African Empire for Great Britain during the period from 1868 to 1902? From the period of 1868 to 1902, Britain had few colonies in Africa, before 1880 Cape Colony, Natal and some small coastal colonies in the form of Gambia and Sierra Leone. When the scramble for Africa was triggered, Britain sought to expand gain as many colonies in Africa as possible. The scramble for Africa was the process of invasion and annexation of sovereign African territories by European powers during the new Imperialism period. The fundamental reasons for Britain being involved in the scramble for Africa were the great power rivalry Africa had created between the Great European powers, in which each power tried to gain as much land as possible so that it is denied to another, economic interests in Africa, Africa's strategic value, and humanitarian purposes and missionary motives. Britain's aim in the mid-19th century was not to actually gain territory in Africa by means of invasion, but it Britain's Empire was largely based on an informal or 'Empire on the cheap', these Empire were made by private companies and gentleman capitalists, who wanted to trade with Africa. However, great power rivalry caused a scramble in Africa. This led to Britain forming a formal Empire, to ensure Britain's name as a superpower was maintained. ...read more.

Middle

Such economic factors as these caused Britain to invade and annex vast amounts of land in Africa, and probably make economic factors the most fundamental in the reasons of African expansion. Dissimilarly, economic aspect did not gain Britain as much land as possible due to the informal Empire as only a few entrepreneurs were actually able to gain control of territory for long periods of time. However, this did not explain the vast amounts of land Britain conquered, that had no economic value such as the Sudan, which was mostly desert. To define these annexations we must look elsewhere. Overall, i would definitely say that the importance if economic reasons for Britain's partake in the scramble for Africa, and expansion outweighs it reasons for unimportance as Britain, as most of the land annexed by Britain was due to economic reasons. In addition, public opinion also played a very small part in creating a larger African empire in Africa. The government usually did not take notice of public opinion, but usually took their opinions into account when it was election time. Also, the government only listened to the British public in a major matter when in 1898 the public demanded revenge for Sir Gordon's murder by the Mahdi revolt, this led to the re-invasion of Sudan, and this was mostly influenced by the public's opinion. However, the British government had other reasons that affect this invasion for example, the buffer around Egypt to ensure that Egypt was safe, moreover, the British public had not directly asked for the annexation of the Sudan only revenge. ...read more.

Conclusion

All in all, i believe that humanitarian and missionary motives had little effect in creating a larger African Empire, as overall it barely gained Britain any land in Africa, as even the greatest humanitarianists were returned home due to unimpressive results. i do believe that Britain's primary reason in getting a larger Africa was economic prospects that led to invasion and annexations of African lands. Britain gaining a larger Empire was not due mostly to the effect of public opinion, as the government only listened to the public when it was election time. Moreover, great power rivalry from other great European powers, did make Britain gain a vast amount of land as they acquired huge territories just to deny it to others. Additionally, the strategic importance of certain lands in Africa, including the large Egypt and the Cape Colony, i also recognise by this that some reasons for creating a larger African empire were of mixed reasons like economic and strategic in Egypt. However with taking all of these factors into account i realise that economic factors mostly made Britain have a larger African Empire for example in the west the lands of Nigeria and Sierra Leone, in the west lands like Zanzibar and Uganda, in the north sudan and Egypt and in the south the cape colony and the Transvaal, with that said humanitarian and missionary activity were minor in creating a larger African Empire. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kastriot Jonuzi ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    O'Mahony, in America, founded the Fenian Brotherhood, and the movement gradually began to gain support, yet it never had the support of the clergy. The attempted uprising in 1867 was a failure, yet the Clerkenwell bombing of 1867 contributed to substantial anti-Irish feeling in England, and prompted Gladstone to seek

  2. The Pendle Witches - A Story of Witchcraft and Revenge

    being present at the meeting and were also sent to Lancaster to await trial. James Device later confessed to all the charges. An old woman of ill health, Old Demdike died in gaol during the summer while awaiting trial. The trial itself did not take place until August 1612, but

  1. Explain the factors which attracted European imperialism either to Africa or to Asia in ...

    Local traders, agents, bankers, and investors encouraged imperial expansion. Bondholders pressed the British government to occupy Egypt in 1882. Additionally, this surplus capital could be more profitably invested Africa, where cheap labor, limited competition, and abundant raw materials made a greater premium possible.

  2. Who was more important in bringing about the end of Apartheid and minority rule ...

    He took a very brave decision which guaranteed South Africa's future to be much brighter. His decision led to a much more swifter and peaceful end to apartheid because if it wasn't for him apartheid may have been ended in a much more violent way.

  1. Gandhi was instrumental in India achieving its independence. Gandhi was able to procure Indias ...

    Another important protest was the Quit India act which occurred on July 14th 1942. This protest was not peaceful but had Gandhi not implemented it at the time he did it may have taken India a much longer time to achieve its independence.

  2. Russian History. A period of great achievement To what extent do you agree with ...

    As the clans of Alexis' two wives embraced in conflict, Sophia crafted her scheme to ensure power for her and her family.

  1. How significant was the slave trade in the growth of the British empire in ...

    This slowed the growth of the empire because it suffered the problem of being unable to deal with interlopers stealing their trade by selling slaves for cheaper leaving them powerless to trade in a viable way.

  2. Evalute the importance, strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan Army

    Plutarch, Xenophon, Aristotle, Herodotus, Diodorus, Thucydides, Pliny Writings of Thucydides http://www.bostonleadershipbuilders.com/thucydides/index.htm Writings of Plutarch http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Moralia/Instituta_Laconica*.html http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/pelopida.html Tyrtaeus poetry http://faculty.maxwell.syr.edu/cchampion/HST352/Tyrtaeus.htm Writings of Xenophon http://www.csun.edu/~hcfll004/sparta-a.html 04.06.12 http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~sparta/index.html Diodorus Writings http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Diodorus_Siculus/home.html 05.06.12 http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010887?seq=3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leuctra#cite_ref-xen4_8_8-0 Peloponnesian War http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/sparta/a/spartarisepower.htm http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook07.asp#The Peloponnesian War Thusydides- History of the Peloponnesian War http://classics.mit.edu/Thucydides/pelopwar.2.second.html Greek and Roman Warfare - John

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work