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Assess the importance of the Economy in changing the nature of international relations between the years 1879 - 1939

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Introduction

´╗┐Denis Kirya Assess the importance of the Economy in changing the nature of international relations between the years 1879 - 1939 International relations significantly changed between 1879 ? 1939 with economic stability fundamentally forming the direction and nature of international relations thus creating ideologies of imperialism. Economic needs appear to be heavily influential in constructing actions of political figures such as Mussolini whose hunger for imperialism is generated by an economic crisis at the time. Unilateral actions such as those of invading other countries strongly showcase the economic factor as central to all mechanisms which altered the nature of international relations. Imperialistic political agendas evidently transferred relations from the notion of keeping world peace to ensuring individual safety and protection through alliances. Imperialism required protection and support in order to expand your empire. Mussolini demonstrated this by signing several pacts to withhold agreements between Italy and super powers of the world. The Pact of Steel between Germany and Italy highlights the role of alliances in allowing imperialism to expand with Hitler and Mussolini granting each other military back up in order to pursue their ambitions. Mussolini understood Italy?s precarious position with army resources stretched in both Spain and Abyssinia and sought after protection from Hitler to continue imperialistic needs. Clearly imperialism bought into force dangerous alliances which in the nearby future would pose a great danger to world peace in search of expanding their empires. ...read more.

Middle

Invariably agreements between super powers such the four power pact served the purpose of generating a negative feeling between smaller countries which now appalled at nature of conduct sought after individual protection. The Soviet Union entered negotiations with France to establish a mutual assistance pact while Poland reacted by signing a pact with Germany in 1935. Clearly alliances created an ideology of individual isolation which perfectly suited the imperialism developing as result of the economic crisis. Alliances fed into the ever growing tensions between nations allowing dictators to manipulate and impose imperialism in domestic and international agreements. Imperialism developed into the powerful force it became very much due to the nature of alliances which failed to realise the need to keep peace but instead ensured after economic gains. Indeed it is the failure of alliances which allow Hitler to spiral out of control and totally ignore terms of the treaty to promote his ideology of fascism across Europe. Mussolini?s abbreviation from the League of Nations to supporting Hitler portrays the failure of alliances to keep intact dangerous forces which desired imperialism. The failure of alliances to achieve their ambitions of keeping world peace led to countries considering alternatives as Mussolini remonstrated feeding into the attractive world of imperialism created by the economic struggle Europe faced. International relations greatly depended on the state of the economy to control dangerous forces which posed a great threat to world peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

In spite of all other factors nothing is credited to be as much of a direct impact as the rise of fascism and Hitler in Germany after the Wall Street Crash. The crash left Germany facing a near impossible situation with America calling back loans and reparations still incomplete. The mini boom Germany enjoyed after the war was over and unemployment rapidly rose to over 6 million and the number dependent on Government welfare peaked at 17 million. The Weimar Government already struggling and unpopular inevitably fell to force that was becoming the Nazi party which recruited over 6 million new members by 1932. Hitler?s moment had finally arrived with the Wall Street Crash serving as the perfect source for Nazi propaganda to promote fascism. The economy enabled radical ideas to take shape in small in nations with imperialism and alliances resulting to compliment the drastic ambitions of dictators of economically depressed countries. All in all the economy is the main factor which changed the nature of international relations greatly damaging a state of peace established after the First World War. The economic depression after the Wall Street Crash operated as a catalyst towards imperialism and alliances which in turn promoted radical ideas leading to another world war. Essentially a domino of factors all played a part in altering international relations with the economy being the first and most important factor to fall allowing imperialism and alliances to influence political minds. ...read more.

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