• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the importance of the Economy in changing the nature of international relations between the years 1879 - 1939

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Denis Kirya Assess the importance of the Economy in changing the nature of international relations between the years 1879 - 1939 International relations significantly changed between 1879 ? 1939 with economic stability fundamentally forming the direction and nature of international relations thus creating ideologies of imperialism. Economic needs appear to be heavily influential in constructing actions of political figures such as Mussolini whose hunger for imperialism is generated by an economic crisis at the time. Unilateral actions such as those of invading other countries strongly showcase the economic factor as central to all mechanisms which altered the nature of international relations. Imperialistic political agendas evidently transferred relations from the notion of keeping world peace to ensuring individual safety and protection through alliances. Imperialism required protection and support in order to expand your empire. Mussolini demonstrated this by signing several pacts to withhold agreements between Italy and super powers of the world. The Pact of Steel between Germany and Italy highlights the role of alliances in allowing imperialism to expand with Hitler and Mussolini granting each other military back up in order to pursue their ambitions. Mussolini understood Italy?s precarious position with army resources stretched in both Spain and Abyssinia and sought after protection from Hitler to continue imperialistic needs. Clearly imperialism bought into force dangerous alliances which in the nearby future would pose a great danger to world peace in search of expanding their empires. ...read more.


Invariably agreements between super powers such the four power pact served the purpose of generating a negative feeling between smaller countries which now appalled at nature of conduct sought after individual protection. The Soviet Union entered negotiations with France to establish a mutual assistance pact while Poland reacted by signing a pact with Germany in 1935. Clearly alliances created an ideology of individual isolation which perfectly suited the imperialism developing as result of the economic crisis. Alliances fed into the ever growing tensions between nations allowing dictators to manipulate and impose imperialism in domestic and international agreements. Imperialism developed into the powerful force it became very much due to the nature of alliances which failed to realise the need to keep peace but instead ensured after economic gains. Indeed it is the failure of alliances which allow Hitler to spiral out of control and totally ignore terms of the treaty to promote his ideology of fascism across Europe. Mussolini?s abbreviation from the League of Nations to supporting Hitler portrays the failure of alliances to keep intact dangerous forces which desired imperialism. The failure of alliances to achieve their ambitions of keeping world peace led to countries considering alternatives as Mussolini remonstrated feeding into the attractive world of imperialism created by the economic struggle Europe faced. International relations greatly depended on the state of the economy to control dangerous forces which posed a great threat to world peace. ...read more.


In spite of all other factors nothing is credited to be as much of a direct impact as the rise of fascism and Hitler in Germany after the Wall Street Crash. The crash left Germany facing a near impossible situation with America calling back loans and reparations still incomplete. The mini boom Germany enjoyed after the war was over and unemployment rapidly rose to over 6 million and the number dependent on Government welfare peaked at 17 million. The Weimar Government already struggling and unpopular inevitably fell to force that was becoming the Nazi party which recruited over 6 million new members by 1932. Hitler?s moment had finally arrived with the Wall Street Crash serving as the perfect source for Nazi propaganda to promote fascism. The economy enabled radical ideas to take shape in small in nations with imperialism and alliances resulting to compliment the drastic ambitions of dictators of economically depressed countries. All in all the economy is the main factor which changed the nature of international relations greatly damaging a state of peace established after the First World War. The economic depression after the Wall Street Crash operated as a catalyst towards imperialism and alliances which in turn promoted radical ideas leading to another world war. Essentially a domino of factors all played a part in altering international relations with the economy being the first and most important factor to fall allowing imperialism and alliances to influence political minds. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Assessing the impact of the first world war on international relations in the decade ...

    Premier GeorgesClemenceau, in particular represented France with keen awareness that his people had withstood the worst of the Allied war effort and must withstand the worst of enforcing the peace terms on the continent of Europe. He was determined that the peace terms should favor the French.16To prove that the

  2. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    * Nazi leaders would be brought to trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes. * Stalin would declare war on Japan after the defeat of Germany. * Stalin would support the proposed United Nations to be established after the war.

  1. British Imperialism in India.

    Some Muslims believed that the Indian National Congress was aiming at Hindu rule so they wanted another organization of their own. Encouraged by the British, several Muslims leaders formed the All-India Muslim League. Most of the Muslims were still loyal to the Indian National Congress.

  2. Examine the claim that Hoover was responsible for the dramatic collapse of the economy ...

    Although this might have developed the economic situation abroad, it failed to help America. As a result, those countries were paying less back to America; hence there was less money in circulation. Roosevelt claims that "necessity for planning" is "vital", which suggests that Hoover should have considered his actions further before acting.

  1. Assess the reasons why Britain reduced its Empire between 1939 and 1964.

    Gandhi became a type of figurehead and identified with all castes. For a time he was even able to gain Muslim support. Although fearing that independence gained on Gandhi's terms would lead to the subjection of interests in favour of the Hindu majority, the Muslim Nationalists preferred separate to collective action.

  2. To what extent was the German economy ready for war in 1939? Consider all ...

    After all there were still German nationals living in Austria and Poland from when land was taken from them under the Treaty Of Versailles. This would mean that the plans that were suggested in the Hossbach Memorandum were forced to be brought forward because of the unexpected strain on resources.

  1. “Evaluate the relative importance of imperialism, the arms’ race and the failure of diplomacy ...

    Appropriate events and theories have been taken as examples for each of these three categories, to compare the significance of each.3 Body Imperialism During the industrialization of the 19th century, all great European powers consumed vast amounts of natural resources to supply the many factories emerging in the industries.

  2. How significant was the presence of foreign powers as an influence on the nature ...

    ??complex of tensions and despotisms that constitute the contemporary Middle East??[9] The creation of the new modern states was carried with no cultural, historical or political knowledge over where the ideal place to establish borders would be, and therefore, without regard to natural or human boundaries, they were made according to distinct territorial entities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work