• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the importance of the President in the expansion of the USA from 1815-1917

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Assess the importance of the President in the expansion of the USA from 1815-1917 It can be seen that the various Presidents of the United States contributed to expansion between 1815 and 1917, this essay will explore to extent to which they contributed to expansion. President James Monroe can be seen as a President who didn?t contribute greatly to the expansion of the USA between 1815 and 1917. An example of how Monroe took a more backseat role in expansion is his actions in Florida?s first Seminole War in 1918. Here the USA was trying to unite escaped slaves living in the Seminole bands with their owners and it was at this point Monroe sent in General Andrew Jackson to retrieve them. However Jackson overstepped his mark and ended up pressuring Spain into selling Florida to the USA. The selling of Florida to American meant that the USA now had more land for exploitation and settlements and had reduced Spanish influence on a more global scale. It can be seen that it was the character of Andrew Jackson, not the role of President Monroe that led to the USA gaining more land. The actions of Jackson sparked a bitter debate within the government; during all this Monroe did little if anything to subdue the conflict. Historian Joe Knetsch says that Monroe ?remained relatively quiet, allowing a long and acrimonious debate to play out before taking a vacation.?[1]This suggests that Monroe didn?t see this as very important. ...read more.

Middle

The war ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe ? Hidalgo which saw the USA gain, amongst other states, Arizona and California. When Polk became President one of his aims was to gain California, and so it can be seen that Polk provoked the Mexican- American war to fulfil his goals. This point is supported by Walter LaFeber who says ?The president?s policy was both simple and devious. He slowly squeezed Mexico military until it struck back. He then misrepresented the evidence for the attack to obtain Congresses? declaration of war?[5] this shows us that the President was antagonising war for the expansion of the USA. An example of this is when Polk sent in US military commander Zachary Taylor. He moved into land that was disputed between Mexico and Texas, this led to the involvement of the Mexican army who attacked the USA in defence of their land; which led to the subsequent war. Another factor in the causes of the Mexican American War is the Manifest Destiny. This was a doctrine that suggested that America had the god given right to expand. It can be seen that Polk?s belief in the Manifest Destiny is what led to the US involvement in the Mexican-American war. This idea is supported by Gary B. Nash and Julie Roy Jeffery, ?The cause of the Mexican American war was Manifest Destiny and American expansionism[6]?. This shows that it was the Manifest Destiny that influenced Polk?s plans for expansion, and that without it he may not have pursued expansion as much as he did. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe that President?s Monroe and Lincoln were similar in the types of expansion they achieved. Monroe created the Monroe Doctrine which served as the backbone to many future Presidents, such as Roosevelt?s, expansion plans. The aim to keep all American land American contributed to expansion more in the sense that it helped strengthen the country and created relations with Latin America which in turn encouraged trade and commerce between Britain and Latin Americans colonies. President Lincoln contributed to the expansion of the USA by increasing the Union?s population though the Emancipation Proclamation. Therefore it can be seen that the role of the President was important in the expansion of the USA from 1815 to 1917 because it was their personalities and political power that led to geographical and social expansion. Total Word Count (excluding footnotes): 1,789 ________________ [1] Joe Knetsch, Florida?s First Seminole Wars:: 1817-1858, (Charleston, s.C, Arcadia Publishing, 2003) [2] Milton Meltzer, Hunted Like a Wolf: The Story of the Seminole War (Sarasota, Florida, Pineapple Press inc. 2004) page 56. [3] Grant Foreman, Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians (Civilization of the American Indian Series)(Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1974) [4] Elliot West, Trail of Tears: National Historic Trial (USA, Western National Parks Association, 2000) page 9 [5] Walter La Feber, The American Age: United States Foreign Policy at home and Abroad 1750 to the present (Cornell, Norton, W. W. & Company Inc, 1994) [6] Gary B. Nash and Julie Roy Jeffery, The American People: Creating a Nation and Society (Prentice Hall, 2008) [7] http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/faq/ 11th January 2013 [8] Warren H. Hassler Jr. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/19407/American-Civil-War/229879/The-cost-and-significance-of-the-Civil-War ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Asses the impact of Westward expansion on Native Americans

    The Law of 1871 transcended the laws of 1851 and 1868 in that these, Native American's legal rights were entirely removed, deliberately leaving a legal black hole. Previous actions such as relocations of the Black Hills of Dakota to the Sioux were contingent to the Sioux being realised as legal entities.

  2. In considering the development of the USA in the years 1815-1917, how far can ...

    Their notable response was on going terrorism from the Ku Klux Klan formed in 1865 and Jim Crow laws set in 1876 this was to prevent African Americans development in society. Therefore in actuality the Civil War Victory did not assure drastic change for black Americans in society, it was another form of slavery; a continuation.

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    He often claimed to have evidence which he later was unable to produce. 1. He accused the army of being riddled with communists. Most people admired their military and did not believe these accusations. 2. Many senators spoke against him and in 1954 he was censured by the senate. 3.

  2. How far was the decision to rollback past the 38th parallel a military and ...

    One reason for making the decision negative was due to the severe loss of US troops. Although loss of troops is expected in a war, the loss of troops compared to the distance they had gained was not good enough.

  1. To what extent was Hitler's foreign policy consistent and planned?

    In January 1935 a Franco-Italian agreement was signed. March 1935 saw Hitler take his first major gamble in European relations. He announced that he had defied the Treaty of Versailles, which limited the German army to 100,000, as it currently stood at 240,000 and with the introduction of conscription perhaps 550,000 in less than three years.

  2. "How Did The Election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 lead to the Secession of ...

    This shows that not all in the South were for secession and even Alexander H Stephens can be quoted stating "I consider slavery much more secure in the Union than out of it." But Southern radicals such as William L Yancey of Alabama, Robert Rhett of South Carolina and Edmund

  1. How did Manifest Destiny manifest itself?

    Mormons was another cause why the western borders were shaped by Manifest Destiny. The Mormons claimed that people from Jerusalem were helped by god to get to the western hemisphere 600 years before Jesus Christ was born. According to Smith, the western land was rightfully the property of the Mormons and therefore resembles with the doctrine of Manifest Destiny.

  2. Prohibition - The Importance of January 16th 1920 to the US.

    Alcohol also was said to be the cause and aid of harmful home lives of men throwing away precious savings for booze and saloons while increasing the chance of violence within the home (Nishi 30). Prohibition would eliminate the source and therefore better the common good.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work