• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the legacy left to phillip II

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the legacy left to Philip II by his father In 1556 Charles V abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor, dividing his possessions between his brother Ferdinand and his son Philip, Ferdinand received the traditional lands passed down by the Hapsburg family and gained the role of Holy Roman emperor whilst Philip received the huge and prosperous Spanish empire, - one in which 'the sun never set', the largest on Earth, With Ferdinand ruler of the Hapsburg lands, Austria, Bohemia and Hungary, and the role of Holy Roman Emperor, Philip was relieved of a proportion of the large scale responsibilities passed down by Charles V, However Philip gained an incredible amount of wealth, power and land. He inherited the flourishing Netherlands and the illustrious 'new world', the Americas - hence appeared to have attained a vast and incredible empire. However with that he also gained the debt still unresolved from Charles V, wars, unsettled feuds and an empire almost too huge to govern successfully. How great was the legacy Charles V left to Philip? ...read more.

Middle

Within Aragon alone there were three separate Cortes, Spain was a 'dynastic union rather than a unified country' supporting the economy with Spanish taxes was difficult and complicated and consequently impossible to rule over as a whole. Castile was one of the richest Spanish kingdoms and a key player of the monarchy and therefore most of it was very independent from rest of the empire. The other provinces in the Monarchia like the Netherlands and Italy did not regard themselves as a part of the Spanish empire though acknowledged to be ruled by Phillip. All in all Phillips Monarchia was extremely divided making it a liability especially with threats of war and a struggling economy. With in these geographical and political problems lay the underlining internal crises - Religion. Philip was a very religious man and with his connections to the Holy Roman Emperor, he felt a duty to protect Catholicism -so gaining his title of the 'Most Catholic King'. Protestantism was a surfacing problem; more and more princes began breaking away from the church, regaining the power the pope had so much control over. ...read more.

Conclusion

However stripping these countries of their own economic prosperity would always be a risk, and could easily backfire. Charles V left an impressive legacy an incredible and vast empire which included the inspiring discoveries of 'new' lands. He provided Philip an access to a range of different countries which could provide different riches and wealth. However with this diversity came the difficulty of rule, the inheritance was remarkable one, a notable and imposing empire which was to have effect on much on the world. However, the troubles that came along with the greatness were numerous and problematic to say the least. Phillip faced difficulty from the very start, financial problems were some of the most posing, this is reflected in the collapse of the economy which resulted in Spain's bankruptcy, yet the security of a large empire would allow Philip to recover. Difficulties and problems with such a great legacy were something which was inevitable, and now with such an empire it would be Philips chance to prove him self in dealing with these problems. Charles V did not just leave a lot of land, power and wealth, but a challenge which at times would seem almost impossible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Strategy in Cortes' conquest of Mexico

    with his worst enemy, Montezuma was still in the process of sizing up the Spaniard. He sent messengers to Cort�s to assess his power as well as to dissuade Cort�s from coming to Tenochtitlan. Most historians agree that Montezuma's hesitancy in acting against Cort�s and his men contributed to the eventual defeat of the Aztecs.

  2. Why was Charles V unable to prevent the spread of protestantism?

    Therefore although his absence made the spread of the Reformation easier, other factors are essential in explaining his lack of success on these occasions. The lack of assistance that Charles received from his brother Ferdinand in preventing Protestantism can also be seen as an important reason for his failure.

  1. How successful was Philip II in implementing his religious policies?

    social control, they simply did not have the resources to exert the sort of power Philip planned. The relied heavily upon familiars and comisarios (unpaid officials) drawn from parishes and local communities. Philips War with the Turks and three bankruptcies would prevent financial help from reaching the Inquisition.

  2. To what extent is it true to say the Provisional Government faced an impossible ...

    criticisms of their membership, authority and policies and it pushed their task further towards the impossible as it began to turn more and more people against them. As well as the new problems created around the time of the formation of the Provisional Government which moved their task further towards

  1. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    Countries subjects executed by special legal tribunal because they disagreed with his views on religion and politics. In one sense it is agreeable that because this would portray Philip as somewhat tyrannical in his way of governing his people therefore practicing therefore making him look absolutist as he only cared about his own views.

  2. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    first, which introduced him to all the popes of his time, and acquired him a reputation among learned men. He also thought that people said the only part of medicine that offered any certainty was surgery, because surgery alone had obvious physical results.xix Ambroise Par� was the most significant surgeon of this period.

  1. Explain Philip IIs relationship with the Papacy. How far was Philip II responsible ...

    Overall Philip's relations with the Papacy were never very good, despite there being numerous different popes during Philip's reign. However with their common faith the two were never in serious direct conflict, as they together faced the common enemy of Protestantism.

  2. By 1598, Spain was essentially bankrupt and Philip III inherited a nation seemingly doomed ...

    Philip?s selling of these juros (bonds) was costly since it provided immediate cash but at the price of mortgaging the future economy. Philip also sold land - allowing nobles to have jurisdiction over the alcabala tax which also proved costly in the long run.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work