• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the legacy left to phillip II

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the legacy left to Philip II by his father In 1556 Charles V abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor, dividing his possessions between his brother Ferdinand and his son Philip, Ferdinand received the traditional lands passed down by the Hapsburg family and gained the role of Holy Roman emperor whilst Philip received the huge and prosperous Spanish empire, - one in which 'the sun never set', the largest on Earth, With Ferdinand ruler of the Hapsburg lands, Austria, Bohemia and Hungary, and the role of Holy Roman Emperor, Philip was relieved of a proportion of the large scale responsibilities passed down by Charles V, However Philip gained an incredible amount of wealth, power and land. He inherited the flourishing Netherlands and the illustrious 'new world', the Americas - hence appeared to have attained a vast and incredible empire. However with that he also gained the debt still unresolved from Charles V, wars, unsettled feuds and an empire almost too huge to govern successfully. How great was the legacy Charles V left to Philip? ...read more.

Middle

Within Aragon alone there were three separate Cortes, Spain was a 'dynastic union rather than a unified country' supporting the economy with Spanish taxes was difficult and complicated and consequently impossible to rule over as a whole. Castile was one of the richest Spanish kingdoms and a key player of the monarchy and therefore most of it was very independent from rest of the empire. The other provinces in the Monarchia like the Netherlands and Italy did not regard themselves as a part of the Spanish empire though acknowledged to be ruled by Phillip. All in all Phillips Monarchia was extremely divided making it a liability especially with threats of war and a struggling economy. With in these geographical and political problems lay the underlining internal crises - Religion. Philip was a very religious man and with his connections to the Holy Roman Emperor, he felt a duty to protect Catholicism -so gaining his title of the 'Most Catholic King'. Protestantism was a surfacing problem; more and more princes began breaking away from the church, regaining the power the pope had so much control over. ...read more.

Conclusion

However stripping these countries of their own economic prosperity would always be a risk, and could easily backfire. Charles V left an impressive legacy an incredible and vast empire which included the inspiring discoveries of 'new' lands. He provided Philip an access to a range of different countries which could provide different riches and wealth. However with this diversity came the difficulty of rule, the inheritance was remarkable one, a notable and imposing empire which was to have effect on much on the world. However, the troubles that came along with the greatness were numerous and problematic to say the least. Phillip faced difficulty from the very start, financial problems were some of the most posing, this is reflected in the collapse of the economy which resulted in Spain's bankruptcy, yet the security of a large empire would allow Philip to recover. Difficulties and problems with such a great legacy were something which was inevitable, and now with such an empire it would be Philips chance to prove him self in dealing with these problems. Charles V did not just leave a lot of land, power and wealth, but a challenge which at times would seem almost impossible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Why was Charles V unable to prevent the spread of protestantism?

    Therefore although his absence made the spread of the Reformation easier, other factors are essential in explaining his lack of success on these occasions. The lack of assistance that Charles received from his brother Ferdinand in preventing Protestantism can also be seen as an important reason for his failure.

  2. How successful was Philip II in implementing his religious policies?

    Rural areas continued to worship in their own way, the inquisition only paid one off visits which were not effective in establishing orthodoxy, the argued that most arrested in rural areas were ignorant and uneducated father than heretics. The inquisition remained foremost a teaching machine rather than a method of

  1. To what extent is it true to say the Provisional Government faced an impossible ...

    SR leader Alexander Kerensky, who was for a time chairman of the soviet as well as a minister in the Provisional Government. However, despite the fact that the soviet did not set out to be an alternative government, instead regarding its role as a watching brief, checking that the soldier's

  2. Assess the view that Philip II as king of Spain was Absolute in Theory ...

    Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, and ordering murders. As mentioned by Parker as he gives an example during the decade 1566-76, Philip had 1,200 of his Low

  1. Strategy in Cortes' conquest of Mexico

    Tlaxcallans by persuading them to join him in an alliance against Montezuma.7 The Tlaxcallans, already encircled by the Aztecs and facing all but certain subjugation, assented to Cort�s' offer because they recognized that the Spaniards possessed the ability to do what they could not: consistently break through enemy lines.

  2. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    enquiries so far into the sciences of abstruse and hidden nature, that, after having given most proofs by his writings concerning physiognomy, geomancy, and chiromancy, he moved on to the study of philosophy, physics, and astrology; which studies proved so advantageous to him, that, not to speak of the two

  1. Explain the external problems Spain faced on the accession of Philip II in 1556 ...

    Philip always looked up to his father and followed his advice, so when Charles told him to 'depend on no one but yourself' Philip tried his best to follow this advice. Philip's rule was often seen as a personal monarchy.

  2. Explain Philip IIs relationship with the Papacy. How far was Philip II responsible ...

    Overall Philip's relations with the Papacy were never very good, despite there being numerous different popes during Philip's reign. However with their common faith the two were never in serious direct conflict, as they together faced the common enemy of Protestantism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work