Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3

Assess the reasons why Hitler and the NSDAP gained power in 1933:

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Assess the reasons why Hitler and the NSDAP gained power in 1933: In 1919 the Nazi party was small and insignificant and had little success in elections. However, by 1933 Hitler was the chancellor of Germany. The Nazis had risen from obscurity to complete control. In 1919 Hitler joined the German Workers' Party, which at the time, was a small party with only six members. The party was renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) in 1920, better known as the Nazi Party. It was a right-wing party that declared their extreme hatred of the Treaty of Versailles, Communism, and Jews; they wanted to overthrow the Weimar Republic. The Nazis stood for a number of things; they wanted to abolish Versailles; rearm Germany; destroy communism; gain Lebensraum; remove Jews and destroy the Weimar Republic to create a strong central government. These ideas were popular because from the beginning, the German people were not content as they blamed the existing government for the loss of the First World War due to the War Guilt Clause being pinned on the country, as well as the inequitable stipulations that Germany was lumbered with. There was a significant amount of shame and humiliation, as well as the unendurable reparations. The people believed that the Weimar Republic 'stabbed Germany in the back' and betrayed the country when the armistice was signed.

Middle

The Munich Putsch was a defining moment for Hitler and the Nazis and the failure persuaded Hitler that the only way of gaining power was by legal means. It also led to the amendment in their approach between 1924-1929 that saw significant gains for the party. Hitler reorganised the party, starting by asserting his status as Fuhrer of the Nazis, which meant there was to be total obedience to him. Also, Branches of the party were set up as well as paramilitary organisations being set up. There was a need to restructure the party as the new changes made the party look strong and regimented, which engrossed and attracted more members from different classes of society, for example, many ex-soldiers and young people were attracted by the uniforms of the SA; the image of order and discipline was a major factor in gaining more support of the people. This built up the strength of the Nazi Party and the beginnings of paramilitary systems were operated to defeat the rivals through violence. Propaganda was also used to target the misery of the German people, and was aimed to stir up people's emotions. It gave the impression of strength and order that the Nazi Party would bring. Notably, it made the Jews seem as if they were the scapegoats for all of Germany's problems, which predictably led to hatred of Jewish people as well as hatred and fear of Communism too.

Conclusion

The Nazi ideas were straightforward and appealed to a variety of sects in society as they promised jobs to the workers as well as land and food to the farmers. Another pivotal factor in helping Hitler and the Nazis gain power was President Hindenburg in inviting Hitler to become Chancellor as they needed the Nazis to deal with the threat of the Communists. Hindenburg believed he could control Hitler and make use of his popularity to gain support for the government. Therefore, this gave Hitler the opportunity to take control of the government and become the dictator of Germany. Considering all of the factors that were involved in the rise of Hitler and the NSDAP, there are a few ways we can see why they were so successful. Some would say that Nazism was due to the circumstances after the First World War and the depression, forcing dictatorship on the people. Many Germans also felt unsettled and at a complete loss within themselves as they were unexpectedly hit by an economic and political crisis and sought after firm leadership and guidance. Therefore the people were emotionally engrossed with the voice of Hitler, who unquestionably had zealous determination. Moreover, after assessing all of the factors that led to their success, Nazism was not just the product of Hitler and his acknowledged talents as a speaker and propagandist alone; it echoed deeper trends of the German's reverence of authority and their previous failures to develop a democratic custom. Sneha 12R

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    It's impossible to deny that there was opposition to Hitler's regime in Germany. These groups were the traces of parties that were competing with the Nazis during the Weimar Republic times, groups like the communists, democrats and even some

  2. Assess the reasons why the Nazi party gained so little support in the 1920s

    Unfortunately for the NSDAP many socialists were either already part of a socialist union or did not entirely trust Hitler so there was only a slight increase of support. Also at this time the NSDAP was well known in Bavaria but was nearly unheard of in the national political scale.

  1. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    not bring himself to give government power to a single party which did not repent the majority of the electorate' (Hindenburg) but then later different groups began to pressure Hindenburg, many writing to him, to persuade him to appoint Hitler for the good of Germany and its people.

  2. 'At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted and achieved conquest without firing a shot' ...

    Similarly there can clearly be seen a relation to Bullock's view, he suggests that Hitler wanted the destruction of the Czech state-as does the source, and the information supports the aim of war. Source J This source is a military directive from 21st October, The source does not directly lay

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Students memorized set speeches and rehearsed answers to questions in front of mirrors. Two thousand speakers were trained in 1929 and 1930 alone. The program was expanded with the establishment by Fritz Reinhardt of a correspondence school. Students memorized a simple speech written by Reinhardt, who also corrected speeches written by the students themselves.

  2. Assess the reasons why the Weimar Republic faced so many problems in the 1920s

    These problems meant that many people wanted to reverse the Treaty, which meant increased support for extremist parties, especially the right wing. This support for extremist parties was another cause of problems for the Weimar Government, because there were several uprisings from each side between 1919 and 1923.

  1. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    Tensions and disputes over the rising unemployment figures, which had reached 3 million at this point in 1930, caused enormous friction in the current Chancellor Müller's coalition, the last legacy of Gustav Stresemann dubbed the "Great Coalition" for its impressive political stability.

  2. Mussolini and Hitler: Road to Power

    The party was against Germany's treatment by the Treaty of Versailles and that struck a cord with many Germans. Hitler soon became leader of the party, but the party remained relatively small. Hitler was very much inspired by Mussolini and his fascism, and Nazism was based on that.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.