• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Reasons why Stalin's Political rivals were Unable to Prevent his Rise to Power

Extracts from this document...


Assess the Reasons why Stalin's Political rivals were Unable to Prevent his Rise to Power Before 1917 the Bolshevik Party had only been a few thousand strong and Lenin had known the great majority of numbers personally. He had been impressed by Stalin's organising ability and willingness to obey orders. He once described him as "that wonderful Georgian". With Lenin's backing, by 1912 he had become one of the six members of the Central Committee, the policy-making body of the Bolshevik Party. He helped found the party's newspaper which was called Pravda. One theory suggesting Stalin's rise to power is that his opponents, such as Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev, failed to unite against him, and that they did too little too late. One of the reasons Stalin was allowed to rise to power was that the other leading members of the Communist party failed to recognise him as a threat. ...read more.


His "race" were seen as outsiders. Other party members saw Trotsky as arrogant and dismissive - they respected him but did not feel any affection or loyalty towards him. It was thought that he would be most likely to cause a split in the party. When, Joseph Stalin came to power, he made the decision to modernise the Soviet economy. He wanted to generate wealth, and therefore improve the quality of life. Russia was behind from the rest of Europe, and Stalin wanted to "prove" that communism actually worked. In 1927, Stalin launched the "revolution from above" by setting two goals for the Soviet Union, rapid industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture. His aims were to erase all traces of the capitalism and to transform the Soviet Union as quickly as possible into an industrialised and completely socialist state. Some might say luck played a large role in Stalin gaining power, something his opponents could not prevent. ...read more.


Trotsky's policy of Permanent Revolution focussed on spreading revolution and heading towards world revolution. On the other hand, Socialism in one country was the name given to the policy that Stalin promoted, and focussed on strengthening the revolution in Russia. This gave the Russians a special historic role and meant that they would not have to go to war. In conclusion, those that had the skill to oppose Stalin, like Trotsky, didn't realise how much of a threat was and failed to unite against him. He also had a great deal of luck - Lenin's criticisms of him in his testament were not made public, and he had the charge of factionalism to use to discredit anyone who opposed him. However, perhaps above all the most important reason was Stalin's megalomaniac personality, which made him an ideal dictator. Some have commented on his short height, suggesting that he had a tendency to keep himself to himself and was a "loner". Even the number of executions declined after his death. He was mad, evil and ruthless. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Joseph Stalin rise to power?

    This like the tragic death of his wife did not directly help Stalin but helped his campaign in the long run. This is due to the fact that 'The lessons of October' was used by Leon Trotsky to attack Kamenev and Zinoviev, this then led to them attacking him even more.

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    It has been said that the Fascists fuelled their own support by denouncing their opponents while also verbally inflating them as a serious threat. Socialism, as has been said above, continued to decline following the 'Biennio Rosso', causing concern among the Fascists that they'd no longer be seen as 'protectors'

  1. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    Most of the senior officers in the Red Army and the Red Navy were also executed. The leading Bolsheviks were given "Show Trials", where they were forced to confess to ridiculous crimes which they could not possibly have committed. The purges and the show trials were Stalin's way of stamping

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    Into this milieu Lenin had stepped, and had called not only for fraternization with the enemy and a policy of no confidence in the government, but also for an end to any silly talk of unity among the Social Democrats.

  1. The Rise of Communism In Russia

    split that was mainly caused by Lenin -- his personality, his drive for power in the movement, and his "hard" philosophy of the disciplined party organization. At the close of the congress Lenin commanded a temporary majority for his faction and seized upon the label "Bolshevik" (Russian for Majority), while

  2. The Rise of Communism In Russia

    It convened in Brussels in the summer of 1903, but was forced by the interference of the Belgian authorities to move to London, where the proceedings were concluded. The Second Congress was the occasion for bitter wrangling among the representatives of various Russian Marxist Factions, and ended in a deep

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work