• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the reasons why the Russian Revolution of 1917 ended in victory for the Bolsheviks.

Extracts from this document...


October/November 2007 Assess the reasons why the Russian Revolution of 1917 ended in victory for the Bolsheviks. It is a clich´┐Ż to say that revolution often associates with the political, social and economic issues. Hence, Russia is the perfect example of it. In the aftermath of Russo-Japanese War in 1904, Russia went through a period of political struggle which ended by the Bolsheviks, also known as USSR in 1922. Out of all the opposition parties, Bolsheviks managed to come out on top and this had surprised most of the on lookers as they had been relatively weak and small. The view in question can be supported by the failure of the provisional government, the Bolsheviks' appeal and also its strong leadership. In order to assess the reasons why the Russian Revolutions ended with the Bolsheviks victorously, one must first traced back to the root that enabled the Bolsheviks to take over the provisional government in 1917. Generally, most historians agreed that the provisional government was ineffective in many ways because of its failure in recognizing Russia's weaknesses. ...read more.


This is why the slogan 'Peace, Land and Bread' was popular among the peasants and it serves to highlight the Bolsheviks' social agenda. One of the major problem in Russia is the population largely made up of peasants who kept demanding for land reform, however, the Tsar and provisional government ceased the issue quickly. These two governments saw that by answering the peasants' demand, their source of income and social status will decreased dramatically. It is also possible that the peasants will demand more in the future such as political reform. Nevertheless, the Bolsheviks' actions were the exact opposite of what the previous governments did and this is probably why the peasants seemed to be more willing to accept them. There was an argument which the liberals argued it was the harsh situation in Russia that motivated the people to revolt and so, the chaotic situation provides a great opportunity to manipulate the whole process into their own good such as the introduction of New Economic Policy (NEP) by Lenin. On the surface, the people may seemed to be satisfied on the Bolsheviks but it was not true. ...read more.


He was able to foresee event that the others couldn't such as the peasants' pivotal role in which the previous governments failed to recognize it. Undoubtly, the army was the pillar of strength for the governments but they failed to realize that the peasant was the root of the whole process. Without the peasants' upheaval, the revolution may not happened at all. Supportively, Trotsky plays an equally important role to the Bolsheviks by bringing a disciplined and pragmatic approach to visualize Lenins' dream. A clear example of Trotsky's organization of the Red Army can be used to showcase Trotsky's commanding personality. Without the powerful and strong-willed personality of both Lenin and Trotsky, the October revolution will not be a success. In conclusion, the Bolsheviks administration perhaps may benefits Russia in the sense that Russia's fragile condition could be improved. An authoritarian government may suit Russia the best, given her massive land and population that needed to be controlled. Still, the October Revolution was seen as a seizure of power by the most of the historians, or it can also be argued as an answer to Russia's fragile conditions. Besides three reasons mentioned above, the function of CHEKA and NEP should also be considered as well that help to consolidate the Bolsheviks' power in Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    They saw him as a sort of father figure as he had led them through the revolution and hard times after and so accepted what he had thought as being right. Another similarity shown between Lenin and Stalin was their style of speech.

  2. Causes of the 1917 russian revolution

    While much of Europe was switching to liberal democracy (freedoms, rights and rule by the people) and advancing rapidly, Russia remained an absolute monarchy where the royalty ruled, even if they were unqualified to do so. This old fashioned government prevented Russia from advancing.

  1. 'Without Lenin there would have been no revolution' - David Footman, an academic British ...

    However, they have not denied that Lenin had a part to play, but have stressed that this must be seen in context. In my opinion, these interpretations are fairer than Footman's explanation to the revolution. This may be because the Cold War had begun to decline and their views were

  2. The 1917 Revolution.

    The mass demonstration wished to present demands to the Provisional Government but the Bolsheviks and Soviet leaders hesitated and eventually did nothing. The great demonstration began to break up as the people clearly did not know what to do next.

  1. Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change. Using your knowledge of the ...

    When Kornilov's army did reach Petrograd, they mutinied and joined the Red Guard. Now the Red Guard had the weapons of Petrograd, and were firmly in control of the situation. This was pure luck by the Bolsheviks, as they did not know if Kornilov was going to revolt in the

  2. Why Were There Two Revolutions in Russia in 1917?

    gold for the purpose of building public lavatories" - Lenin The revolution in February and March 1917 was a resounding success, so why within 7 months was there another revolution underway? Once again, it was a combination of factors, each entwined with one another, that together set the wheels of revolution in motion once again.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    Whole villages were massacred in brutal countryside campaigns to regain control of the countryside through fear and intimidation. The Communist's launched a fierce attack on the Russian Orthodox Church as even this was seen as a rival to Communist power. Executions and imprisonment followed for countless Priests and Church officials.

  2. Why did the Tsar lose power in 1917?

    In 1915 only 1 in 10 soldiers had a rifle; soldiers had to wait for the men in front to fall down before they could pick up a weapon. They were also limited to 2 to 3 shells a day. In comparison to Germany and Austro-Hungary, Russia was no match.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work