• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that the importance of Cromwells military role in the Civil War has been exaggerated.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Shaunagh Flynn 13Pbn Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that the importance of Cromwell?s military role in the Civil War has been exaggerated. Oliver Cromwell was born in 1599 into a middle class gentry family in Huntingdon. He began his career as a Member of Parliament for Cambridge in 1628; he went on to fight in the Civil War as part of the Parliamentarian army, with a number of roles as he rose through the ranks from captain to lieutenant-general. Cromwell fought in numerous battles with great success and was seen to have had great military and leadership skills. In my opinion, I believe that Cromwell?s military role in the Civil War was not exaggerated; the further analysis and evaluation of the passages will help me to prove this view. One view of Cromwell?s military role would agree that the importance he held was a result of his unusual military approach and his characteristics. The approaches that he used made him stand out as they were seen as ?unique?. Interpretation C states ?he raised such men as had the fear of God before them and made them conscience of what they did?. ...read more.

Middle

However, we need to consider whether this success as a cavalry commander was equally matched by his career as a general. Interpretation C also shows evidence of further military victories such as the defeat of Rupert at the battle of Naseby in June 1645 and a following success at the battle of Langport, which gave the Parliamentarians control over the West of England. This proves evidence that he was equally successful as a general and therefore deserves his reputation. Further evidence of military success is also apparent within Interpretation D, regarding ?the Preston campaign of 1648?, this was a battle in which Cromwell was the main commander of the force and defeated the attacking Royalists and Scottish armies. This victory was seen to be the defeat of the Royalists that lead to the end of the Civil War. These numerous military successes are evidence that Cromwell showed importance to the military cause of the Parliamentarians. We also know of another military success that took place in 1649, this was Cromwell?s conquest of Ireland where he took Wexford in a massacre of 3,500 troops and civilians with only a small number of Parliamentarian casualties in comparison. ...read more.

Conclusion

This could be because he did not reach the peak of a military career as he changed his focused himself on the political issues within England at the time. This fact could indicate that his military career was exaggerated as the evidence focuses on his success as a cavalry commander rather than a general in a higher ranked position. However, a clear judgement regarding this cannot be made, as further evidence regarding his victories as a general would need to be assessed. In conclusion, it is possible that the importance of Cromwell?s military role was slightly exaggerated but he was important to the Parliamentarian side through the numerous victorious battles that he was a part of, which are shown in interpretation A, C and D. His unusual military approach such as the use of discipline and religion, as well as his own personality set him apart from others cavalry commanders. All these characteristics made Cromwell a success and as source B states, went on to help him in his political career, it could be said that this political career was a result of his actions in a military role. Ultimately, Cromwell?s importance in a military role was not exaggerated and he proved to be a very successful asset within the Civil War due to his numerous military victories. WORDS: 2004 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?

    Cromwell consistently attributed his military success to God's will. Historians point to his personal courage and skill, to his care in training and equipping his men and to the tight discipline he imposed both on and off the battlefield. Cromwell was strict and stern, but his newly trained, hand picked cavalry, the Ironsides, won battles and finally the war.

  2. History Independant study - Oliver Cromwell

    it is fair to describe Cromwell as a King in all but name. Cromwell stood no chance of taking the English throne himself, or even rising to any particularly high level in politics and therefore it was his involvement with the army that gave Cromwell his power and leverage.

  1. An unmitigated disaster. How valid is this assessment of Oliver Cromwells experiment with the ...

    Moreover, the Major Generals were instructed to observe all disaffected, idle and loose people as they were also consider a threat to the regime. Cromwell and the Major Generals were aware of social security as they were looking after and caring for the republic's people and those who were considered

  2. How far do you agree with Elton's interpretation of the roles of Somerset and ...

    His continued use of proclamations as well as his neglect of the Privy Council demonstrates this theme. The Treason Act had done more than permit religious discussions; it repealed a previous act, which said that royal proclamations had the same force as acts of Parliament.

  1. What were Cromwell's Religious aims?

    Also, the Major Generals were expected to enforce the laws of cursing and profaning the Lord's Day. Historians now believe that the attempt at reformation of manners failed and that the Major Generals made little or no impact on the public as a whole.

  2. Discuss the view that Cromwells part in the search for settlement with the King ...

    The Heads of Proposals, co-wrote by Cromwell, is another example of inconsistency is Cromwell's search for a settlement. Whilst during and after the war, Cromwell had pursued for harsh terms been imposed upon Charles, the Heads of Proposals were relatively lenient and allowed for the presence of bishops in the church government; they were more moderate than the Newcastle Propositions.

  1. Oliver Cromwell.

    Manchester, gained political allies in his fight to replace the old leadership by new, more committed, reforming, and "godly" men. The Self-Denying Ordinance removed MP and aristocratic commanders, and paved the way for a New Model Army, under fresh officers.

  2. Interpretations of Cromwell's actions at Drogheda - Explain how Cromwell's actions at Drogheda have ...

    This source is unreliable because it was written by Cromwell to parliament and all Cromwell wanted to do is impress parliament. Source C says, Cromwell had killed many of them then he thought that the rest will surrender, then there will be no more killing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work