• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that the importance of Cromwells military role in the Civil War has been exaggerated.

Extracts from this document...


Shaunagh Flynn 13Pbn Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that the importance of Cromwell?s military role in the Civil War has been exaggerated. Oliver Cromwell was born in 1599 into a middle class gentry family in Huntingdon. He began his career as a Member of Parliament for Cambridge in 1628; he went on to fight in the Civil War as part of the Parliamentarian army, with a number of roles as he rose through the ranks from captain to lieutenant-general. Cromwell fought in numerous battles with great success and was seen to have had great military and leadership skills. In my opinion, I believe that Cromwell?s military role in the Civil War was not exaggerated; the further analysis and evaluation of the passages will help me to prove this view. One view of Cromwell?s military role would agree that the importance he held was a result of his unusual military approach and his characteristics. The approaches that he used made him stand out as they were seen as ?unique?. Interpretation C states ?he raised such men as had the fear of God before them and made them conscience of what they did?. ...read more.


However, we need to consider whether this success as a cavalry commander was equally matched by his career as a general. Interpretation C also shows evidence of further military victories such as the defeat of Rupert at the battle of Naseby in June 1645 and a following success at the battle of Langport, which gave the Parliamentarians control over the West of England. This proves evidence that he was equally successful as a general and therefore deserves his reputation. Further evidence of military success is also apparent within Interpretation D, regarding ?the Preston campaign of 1648?, this was a battle in which Cromwell was the main commander of the force and defeated the attacking Royalists and Scottish armies. This victory was seen to be the defeat of the Royalists that lead to the end of the Civil War. These numerous military successes are evidence that Cromwell showed importance to the military cause of the Parliamentarians. We also know of another military success that took place in 1649, this was Cromwell?s conquest of Ireland where he took Wexford in a massacre of 3,500 troops and civilians with only a small number of Parliamentarian casualties in comparison. ...read more.


This could be because he did not reach the peak of a military career as he changed his focused himself on the political issues within England at the time. This fact could indicate that his military career was exaggerated as the evidence focuses on his success as a cavalry commander rather than a general in a higher ranked position. However, a clear judgement regarding this cannot be made, as further evidence regarding his victories as a general would need to be assessed. In conclusion, it is possible that the importance of Cromwell?s military role was slightly exaggerated but he was important to the Parliamentarian side through the numerous victorious battles that he was a part of, which are shown in interpretation A, C and D. His unusual military approach such as the use of discipline and religion, as well as his own personality set him apart from others cavalry commanders. All these characteristics made Cromwell a success and as source B states, went on to help him in his political career, it could be said that this political career was a result of his actions in a military role. Ultimately, Cromwell?s importance in a military role was not exaggerated and he proved to be a very successful asset within the Civil War due to his numerous military victories. WORDS: 2004 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Interpretations of Cromwell's actions at Drogheda - Explain how Cromwell's actions at Drogheda have ...

    Now he is carrying out the job of god so he thinks he is god. This source is written by Cromwell to parliament and all he wanted to is impress parliament. Source F says, Cromwell is prejudice because 3, 000 Protestants were killed in Ireland and he blamed all of the Irish Catholics.

  2. Oliver Cromwell - Hero or Villain?

    Was this the way, or could he have gone about it another way? I think so. That wasn't it! Oh-no! There was more! He passed harsh laws. Lots of them. The worst, being 'banning public assemblies.' Apart from that, there were plenty more!

  1. History Independant study - Oliver Cromwell

    it is fair to describe Cromwell as a King in all but name. Cromwell stood no chance of taking the English throne himself, or even rising to any particularly high level in politics and therefore it was his involvement with the army that gave Cromwell his power and leverage.

  2. An unmitigated disaster. How valid is this assessment of Oliver Cromwells experiment with the ...

    to be the impotent poor, and by having the idle 'Compelled to work, or be sent out of the commonwealth'. (Instructions to the Major-Generals, 1655) The Major Generals are again portrayed to have had success in their security policy, meaning they cannot be considered an unmitigated disaster.

  1. How far do you agree with Elton's interpretation of the roles of Somerset and ...

    Rather, the failure of anti-enclosure legislation is evidence of Somerset appeasing the elite as well attempting to pacify the poor, an end from which he could gain a lot more political capital. Indeed, far from concurring with Elton's thesis on this issue, I suggest that Somerset was motivated by a desire to secure his own position of power.

  2. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?

    If anyone is drunk, he is set in the stocks or worse." It should be obvious that Cromwell was a brilliant commander, after the fact that only 300 soldiers died on the Parliamentarian side, while 4000 royalist soldiers were killed.

  1. What were Cromwell's Religious aims?

    Also, the Major Generals were expected to enforce the laws of cursing and profaning the Lord's Day. Historians now believe that the attempt at reformation of manners failed and that the Major Generals made little or no impact on the public as a whole.

  2. East of Eden: An Interpretation

    with $15,000. After Cal found out the truth about Cathy, what she had done to his father, and that she made a living as a whore, he felt like it was his responsibility to help protect Adam. His whole life, Cal never felt that Adam liked him very much, the way he loved Aron.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work