• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess to what degree war was inevitable in France at the end of the 1930s

Extracts from this document...


"Assess to what degree war was inevitable in France at the end of the 1930s" The History of France during these years carries a sharply defined and painful ending, in which most writings and critics have been dominated by the successful German invasion events and defeat of 1940. In most cases, it has been argued that the Third Republic (1870-1940) was responsible for a devastating political conflict and resulted in weak indecisive governments in France; this major insecurity almost doomed France to defeat before the war even began. Philippe Petain was one of the many politicians, polemicists and writers of the Right who shared a common thesis on the French national decadence, suggesting that France was a nation under the weak and irresolute democracy of the Third Republic which was powerless. This government was thought of no longer being able to keep pace with the allegedly more dynamic and successful societies of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. However I would argue that there is a lack of tolerance in this thought, as this political and social organization could not only be the one responsible for the defeat of France in the Second World War. In fact many other factors were linked such as the strong and well prepared Germany of Hitler, and mainly the built up of disputes present between allied countries at the end of the First World War. In my opinion the Third Republic did sufficiently well considering the post-war state in which France was trying to recover from, for instance the short-lived government of Leon Blum 'Le Front Populaire' left behind the essential foundation of social laws still present at this time. ...read more.


In fact the creation of the Front Populaire was facilitated by the economic crisis at the time, the internal threat from the far Right as well as the international fascist menace and threat of war. As a result in May 1936 at the national elections the Front Populaire was voted with sufficient seats to form a government, and in a few weeks time the Front Populaire has made a great impact both socially and economically. The introduction of new laws with the extension of scholar education, 'Les Accords Matignon' for workers in 1936 participated to a controversy, it included up to fifteen days holiday pay, a maximum of forty hours per week and an increase in wages of approximately 12 to 15%, Leon Blum the main president of the Front Populaire created the SNCF which enabled the working class the privilege of travelling and also gave workers free access to the 'Musee du Louvres' in Paris. This ambitious programme of social reform did not only occurred as a threat for the French bourgeoisie of that time but soon headed to a collapse in the light of internal crises and growing tensions in Europe. Although the main factors that lead to a decline in the Front Populaire seemed to be the reaction of the violent Right-wing opposition linked with the economical complexity of France's inflation and an angry bourgeoisie; I feel that the major impact responsible for the end of Leon Blum's government was the disillusionment of the Left due to the foreign policy France had towards Spain. ...read more.


In other words the film lucratively recalls the chaos of France in the 1930s as well as the international turmoil which predicts in retrospect, another war to come. As a conclusion it has been demonstrated throughout this essay that a suggestion of war in the 1930s was inevitable in the light of many factors that contributed to a common resulting disaster. The period of the Third Republic in France caused a lot of disorder and conflict within France itself but also provoked disputes with other countries in which for instance the 'Treaty of Versailles' signed in 1919 left Germany with a heinous feeling, all these disagreements built upon each other to revive the hate and reason why the First World War happened and therefore allied countries had to act in violence once again in the attempt to solve these indifferences. I tried to argue within this essay that the result of the Second World War was mainly due to an unfinished World War I in which countries were left dissatisfied as well as traumatised and destroyed; in the same way France was likely to be part of this disaster in response to a social, economical and political state in which France became a chaotic, confused and unstable country in the 1930s. Therefore I would finish this essay on the thought that France cannot be made responsible for this predestined war in the end of the 1930s, but on the other hand effectively contributed to an inevitable tragedy that marked the most cruel World History. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    The USA cut off all aid to Cuba and Castro then nationalised all businesses. He was not at first a Communist, but US actions forced him to accept aid from the Soviet Union. * In 1960 the Soviet Union signed an agreement to buy 1,000,000 tonnes of Cuban sugar every year.

  2. Do the Writings of Clausewitz have contemporary relevance?

    key centre of gravity - The most powerful country on earth is fighting a war, with a single man as their key target. This is a dramatic change from the days of mass warfare which Clausewitz was used to, and demonstrates not only the rapidly changing nature of warfare, but

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Officers of the LAA commanded units in various parts of the country, particularly in the south and the north (Tripoli and 'Akkar), where two Sunni officers, Ahmad Butari and Ahmad Mamari, were in command. The LAA was involved in brutal acts of kidnapping and sectarian killing in areas under its control in the north, south and the Beqaa.

  2. Moon Landing: Conspiracy or Reality?

    Reflectivity can cause the same indirect lightning effect as atmospheric diffusion. Whether an object appears bright or dark to our eyes depends on whether light reflected from the object arrives at it (our eye). And that in turn depends on whether an object is primarily a diffuse reflector or primarily a specular reflector.

  1. American History.

    Definition of "popular sovereignty" What the heck does "popular sovereignty" mean? Nobody knew for sure - so the? South decided it would mean wait-until-there-are-slaves-and-then-vote, but the North didn't agree. Popular sovereignty is the doctrine that the people of a territory, under the principles of the Constitution, should themselves determine the status of slavery.

  2. Tsar downfall

    If the Tsar had co-operated, he could have taken some of the credit, and his position of authority wouldn't have been questioned. Similarly, the Tsar didn't co-operate with the reinstated Duma, as in his eyes this was also a non-governmental organisation.

  1. chernobyl disaster

    and the United Kingdom (UK). The initial evidence that a major exhaust of radioactive material was affecting other countries came not from Soviet sources, but from Sweden, where on April 27 workers at the Forsmark Nuclear Power Plant (approximately 1100 km from the Chernobyl site)

  2. Discuss the subplot to the film "The Three Kings", comment and analyse on the ...

    This means that the story the American public would be receiving would not be an accurate portrayal of the war, but would be very likely to be very pro-American etc. creating support for what they believed the Americans to be doing, when in actual fact, the reality of the situation was very different.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work