• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bismarcks appointment of Minister President of Prussia (1862) was the most important turning point in the course of German nationalism in the period 1815-1919?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bismarck's appointment of Minister President of Prussia (1862) was the most important turning point in the course of German nationalism in the period 1815-1919? By 1919 Germany had been united, and the nature of nationalism had changed from a freedom seeking, democratic force into one which demanded popular subservience to the state. German nationalism had clearly changed radically over the period of more than one hundred years and defining the turning point at which it changed is difficult due to the sheer number of factors that impacted upon it as well as the vast number of events and organisations which interfered with its development. Otto von Bismarck would become viewed in later years as the father of German nationalism. When he came to power 1862 the Kaiser was looking for a man who could oppose the liberals and force through a favourable army bill. However, within just nine years Germany would have become united, not without the help, though not always willing, from Bismarck. Bismarck effected the unification of Germany almost single-handedly. However, many of the opportunities which Bismarck actually attempted to manipulate were neither created by him nor very successful. ...read more.

Middle

It also struck a double blow in this respect. It not only made a Prussian-led Germany more likely but it made an Austrian-led Germany less likely. Because of her exclusion from the customs union the Austrian economy suffered and her already fragile market became on step closer to failing and this would be one of the major reasons for her defeat to Prussia. The use of the economy mirrored the nature of German nationalism; initially it was a liberal move, the reduction of trade barriers embodied by the introduction of the Zollverein. However, by the time unification was achieved economic policy turned its back on liberalism and the economic protectionism Bismarck employed against Russia helped show how far nationalism had changed. The Zollverein would form the template upon which the German Empire would eventually be founded, a kleindeutsch dominated by Prussia. Some historians even go so far to view the whole of the unification of Germany as purely an economic transaction, that it was not driven by political ideology but by the cold logic of money and economic expansionism. The Zollverein did represent an important twist in the history of German nationalism but it did not utterly change the face of the ideology but simply made the prospect more likely. ...read more.

Conclusion

It would be easy to say that it was a simple political humiliation for the French to have their enemies declare their new country in the French capital but to do this would ignore the deeper significance of both the time and place it was made. Nationalism within Germany underwent many changes over the period from 1815 to 1919. It suffered from a gradual change from its ideals over the time and it is difficult to differentiate between the impacts that the different potential turning points had on German nationalism. However, the most seminal moment in the history Germany nationalism was when it shifted indelibly from the idealists' views to the pragmatic views of the industrialists within the country. 1866 can be seen as the turning point in the unification of Germany rather than a turning point in the nature of German nationalism. The failure of democracy in 1848 at a time when many other revolutions had succeeded left many Germans with the view that it would only be through violence and warfare "blood and iron" that their dreams would ever be realised. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. What were the obstacles to German Unification immediatly before the 1848 Revolutions

    Remember that independence doesn't have to just mean political independence; many people in these states would wish to preserve their cultural and social independence from chance. Even if the ruler of the state was a tyrant the population would still maintain loyalty to him because it was expected and traditional,

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    Harold Nicolson comments that 'the settlement arrived at a preserved Europe free from conflagration for all but a century.'30 Paul W Schroeder also endorses the century of peace view, by calculating that the ratio of battlefield deaths to the population of Europe was seven times greater over the eighteenth century

  1. Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a turning point in the war against ...

    The army was trapped, the soldiers were out of food, medical supplies, weapons and ammunition. They finally surrendered, February 2, 1943. Over 260,000 German dead and another 110,000 were taken prisoner, marched into captivity. It is the greatest Russian victory of the war, and the tide now turns.

  2. 'In the context of the period 1715-1815 to what extent were economic factors the ...

    impacted the monarchy because it exposed the weaknesses of the Crown's position, undermining the autocracy. Louis was incapable of controlling the Crown treasury and French economy, and was unable to get any of his financial reforms past opposition in the nobility and Third Estate.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    People lived huddled together in the ruins of houses, in cellars and in bunkers, and trudged in a dazed condition over what they once knew as streets but what were now only heaps of rubble. The stench of dead bodies buried underneath the rubble lingered on for many, many months.

  2. The attitude of the Austrian and Prussia government towards the Unification of Germany

    between 1848-51, it was a conservative government headed by a conservative Emperor both of which respected the status quo, so you could say that because a unification proposal was never considered before it should not have been considered then. Although unified Germany was never considered a Germany under Austrian dominance

  1. How far can the impact of the depression be seen as a key turning ...

    Weltpolitik firmly implemented these policies into the minds of the German population, and could be seen as the foundation by which all future attempts at aggressive German expansion were developed. After the First World War, Germany was left crippled by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which not only put

  2. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    Speer received his first major commission, as a Party member; in 1932 when Karl Hanke, a close friend, recommended him to Goebbels to renovate and redecorate the new district Headquarters in Berlin. Although the building was inspected by Hitler himself who approved of the finished result, Goebbels however didn?t, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work